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H.R. 3645: Correct the Census Count Act


The text of the bill below is as of Jul 9, 2019 (Introduced).

Summary of this bill

The Census is due by April 1.

Context

Under current law, prisoners are counted for the Census as residing wherever their jail is, rather than where they’re originally from — even if their jail is out of state. This politically benefits any districts or communities which just happen to have a prison.

It particularly benefits the voting-eligible residents of such communities, because the prisoners themselves increase the official population yet can’t vote themselves. For example, there’s a city council ward in Iowa where the official “population” is 96% prisoners. This in turn gives the remaining 4% of the population who can actually vote huge voting power per-person.

Though ...


I

116th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 3645

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

July 9, 2019

(for himself, Ms. Clarke of New York, Ms. Norton, Mr. Pocan, Mrs. Watson Coleman, Mr. Grijalva, Ms. Kelly of Illinois, Mr. Rush, Mrs. Beatty, Mr. Pascrell, Ms. Pressley, Ms. Schakowsky, Mr. Carson of Indiana, Ms. Lee of California, Mr. Raskin, Mr. Danny K. Davis of Illinois, Ms. Moore, Ms. Johnson of Texas, and Mr. Johnson of Georgia) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Oversight and Reform

A BILL

To amend title 13, United States Code, to provide that individuals in prison shall, for the purposes of a decennial census, be attributed to the last place of residence before incarceration, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Correct the Census Count Act.

2.

Residence of incarcerated individuals

Section 141 of title 13, United States Code, is amended—

(1)

by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and

(2)

by inserting after subsection (f) the following:

(g)
(1)

Effective beginning with the 2030 decennial census of population, in taking any tabulation of total population by States under subsection (a) or (c), the Secretary shall, with respect to an individual incarcerated in a State or Federal correctional center as of the date on which such census is taken, attribute such individual to such individual’s last place of residence before incarceration.

(2)

In carrying out this subsection, the Secretary shall consult with each State department of corrections and the Bureau of Prisons to collect the information necessary to make the determination required under paragraph (1).

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