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H.R. 3684: An Act Repealing Existing Substandard Provisions Encouraging Conciliation with Tribes

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About the bill

Did you know that federal laws requiring the forced labor of Native Americans are still on the books?

Context and what the legislation does

The U.S. has had a rocky relationship with Native Americans through the centuries. A number of federal laws which were enacted during far more discriminatory periods remain on the books, even though they are no longer enforced.

The Repealing Existing Substandard Provisions Encouraging Conciliation with Tribes (RESPECT) Act would repeal all or parts of 11 such federal laws. Among them:

  • An 1862 law allowing the president to unilaterally declare a treaty with a Native American tribe to be null and void.
  • An 1847 law preventing any payments to a Native American person “while they are under the influence of intoxicating liquor.”
  • An 1875 law allowing ...

Sponsor and status

Tom O’Halleran

Sponsor. Representative for Arizona's 1st congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Jul 10, 2019
Length: 3 pages
Jul 10, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)

Introduced on Jul 10, 2019

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on July 10, 2019. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

2% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Jul 10, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House

Passed Senate

Signed by the President

H.R. 3684 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 3684. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 3684 — 116th Congress: An Act Repealing Existing Substandard Provisions Encouraging Conciliation with Tribes.” 2019. October 24, 2020 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.