H. R. 3914
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
July 23, 2019
Ms. Lofgren introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary
To apologize for the treatment of Italian Americans during World War II.
Apology for the treatment of Italian Americans during World War II
Congress finds the following:
Over 15 million Italians have immigrated to the United States since 1852.
Italian immigrants have provided a culture and heritage that has enriched American life.
The treatment of Italian Americans during World War II was authorized by the Act of July 6, 1798 (Chapter 66, Sec. 1; 1 Stat. 577; 50 U.S.C. 21; commonly known as the Alien Enemies Act).
Additional authority for the treatment of Italian Americans during World War II was based on Executive Order 9066 (7 Fed. Reg. 1407) and Executive Order 9102 (7 Fed. Reg. 2165).
These orders required Italian-born citizens and their families to carry identification cards, face travel restrictions, and obey curfews.
These orders authorized the seizure of personal property.
10,000 Italian Americans living on the West Coast were forced to leave their homes and were prohibited from entering coastal zones during World War II.
Thousands of Italian-American immigrants were arrested and hundreds were interned in military camps during World War II.
The treatment of Italian Americans during World War II needs to be acknowledged in order to remember those whose lives were unjustly disrupted and whose freedoms were violated.
Acknowledging and apologizing for the treatment of Italian Americans during World War II would help repair the Italian-American community and would discourage the occurrence of similar injustices and violations of civil liberties in the future.
Statement of Congress
For these fundamental violations of the basic civil liberties and constitutional rights of Italian Americans during World War II, Congress apologizes on behalf of the Nation.