To address the fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality, and inhumanity of slavery in the United States and the 13 American colonies between 1619 and 1865 and to establish a commission to study and consider a national apology and proposal for reparations for the institution of slavery, its subsequent de jure and de facto racial and economic discrimination against African-Americans, and the impact of these forces on living African-Americans, to make recommendations to the Congress on appropriate remedies, and for other purposes.
The bill’s titles are written by its sponsor.
Sponsor and status
Sponsor. Representative for Texas's 18th congressional district. Democrat.
Last Updated: Jan 3, 2019
Length: 14 pages
116th Congress (2019–2021)
This bill was introduced on January 3, 2019, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.
Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).
173 Cosponsors (173 Democrats)
What legislators are saying
“congresswoman sheila Jackson Lee statement on the historic hearing on h.r. 40 - a bill to establish a commission to study and develop reparation proposals for african americans”
— Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee [D-TX18] (Sponsor) on Jun 20, 2019
“Congressman Engel Marks the 151st Anniversary of the 14th Amendment”
— Rep. Eliot Engel [D-NY16, 2013-2020] (Co-sponsor) on Jul 9, 2019
Jan 3, 2019
Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.
H.R. 40 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.
A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.
Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 40. This is the one from the 116th Congress.
This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.
How to cite this information.
We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:
GovTrack.us. (2021). H.R. 40 — 116th Congress: Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act. Retrieved from https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/116/hr40
“H.R. 40 — 116th Congress: Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act.” www.GovTrack.us. 2019. December 3, 2021 <https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/116/hr40>
Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act, H.R. 40, 116th Cong. (2019).
|title=H.R. 40 (116th)
|accessdate=December 3, 2021
|author=116th Congress (2019)
|date=January 3, 2019
|quote=Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act
Where is this information from?
GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from Congress.gov, the official portal of the United States Congress. Congress.gov is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.