H. R. 4104
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
July 30, 2019
Mr. Cleaver (for himself and Mr. Stivers) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Financial Services
To require the Secretary of the Treasury to mint a coin in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the Negro Leagues baseball.
This Act may be cited as the
Negro Leagues Baseball Centennial Commemorative Coin Act.
The Congress finds the following:
The year 2020 marks the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the Negro National League, a professional baseball league formed in response to African-American players being banned from the major leagues.
On February 13, 1920, Andrew
Rube Foster convened a meeting of 8 independent African-American baseball team owners at the Paseo YMCA in Kansas City, Missouri, to form a
league of their own, establishing the Negro National League, the first successful, organized professional African-American baseball league in the United States.
Soon, additional leagues formed in eastern and southern States.
The Negro Leagues would operate for 40 years until 1960.
The story of the Negro Leagues is a story of strong-willed athletes who forged a glorious history in the midst of an inglorious era of segregation in the United States.
The passion of the Negro Leagues players for the National Pastime would not only change the game, but also the United States.
The creation of the Negro Leagues provided a playing field for more than 2,600 African-American and Hispanic baseball players to showcase their world-class baseball abilities.
The Negro Leagues introduced an exciting brand of baseball that was in stark contrast to Major League Baseball.
A fast, aggressive style of play attracted black and white fans who sat together to watch those games at a time when it was virtually unheard of to interact socially in such a way.
Negro Leagues baseball would become a catalyst for economic development across the United States in major urban centers such as Kansas City, St. Louis, New York, Memphis, Baltimore, Washington, DC, Chicago, and Atlanta.
The Negro Leagues pioneered
Night Baseball in 1930, 5 years before Major League Baseball, and would introduce game changing innovations such as shin guards and the batting helmet.
The Negro Leagues helped make the National Pastime a global game as players from the Negro Leagues—
were the first people from the United States to play in many Spanish-speaking countries; and
introduced professional baseball to the Japanese in 1927.
Jackie Robinson, a military veteran and former member of the Negro league’s Kansas City Monarchs, would break Major League Baseball’s color barrier on April 15, 1947, with the Brooklyn Dodgers, paving the way for other African-American and Hispanic baseball players.
The Negro Leagues were born out of segregation yet would become a driving force for social change in the United States.
The Negro Leagues produced future Major League Baseball stars, including Leroy
Satchel Paige, Larry Doby, Willie Mays, Henry Aaron, Ernie Banks, and Roy Campanella.
The Negro Leagues Baseball Museum was established in Kansas City, Missouri, in 1990—
to save from extinction a precious piece of Americana and baseball history; and
to use the many life lessons of the powerful story of triumph over adversity of Negro Leagues players to promote tolerance, diversity, and inclusion.
In 2006, Congress granted National Designation to the Negro Leagues Baseball Museum, recognizing it as
America’s Home for Negro Leagues baseball history.
The Secretary of the Treasury (hereafter in this Act referred to as the
Secretary) shall mint and issue the following coins in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the Negro Leagues baseball:
$5 gold coins
Not more than 50,000 $5 coins, which shall—
weigh 8.359 grams;
have a diameter of 0.850 inches; and
contain not less than 90 percent gold.
$1 silver coins
Not more than 400,000 $1 coins, which shall—
weigh 26.73 grams;
have a diameter of 1.500 inches; and
contain not less than 90 percent silver.
Half-dollar clad coins
Not more than 750,000 half-dollar coins which shall—
weigh 11.34 grams;
have a diameter of 1.205 inches; and
be minted to the specifications for half-dollar coins contained in section 5112(b) of title 31, United States Code.
The coins minted under this Act shall be legal tender, as provided in section 5103 of title 31, United States Code.
For purposes of sections 5134 and 5136 of title 31, United States Code, all coins minted under this Act shall be considered to be numismatic items.
Design of coins
The design of the coins minted under this Act shall be emblematic of the Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and its mission to promote tolerance, diversity, and inclusion.
Designation and inscriptions
On each coin minted under this Act, there shall be—
a designation of the value of the coin;
an inscription of the year
inscriptions of the words
In God We Trust,
United States of America, and
E Pluribus Unum.
The design for the coins minted under this Act shall be—
selected by the Secretary after consultation with the Negro Leagues Baseball Museum and the Commission of Fine Arts; and
reviewed by the Citizens Coinage Advisory Committee.
Issuance of coins
Quality of coins
Coins minted under this Act shall be issued in uncirculated and proof qualities.
Only 1 facility of the United States Mint may be used to strike any particular quality of the coins minted under this Act.
Period for issuance
The Secretary may issue coins minted under this Act only during the period beginning on January 1, 2021, and ending on December 31, 2021.
Sale of coins
The coins issued under this Act shall be sold by the Secretary at a price equal to the sum of—
the face value of the coins;
the surcharge provided in section 7(a) with respect to such coins; and
the cost of designing and issuing the coins (including labor, materials, dies, use of machinery, overhead expenses, marketing, and shipping).
The Secretary shall make bulk sales of the coins issued under this Act at a reasonable discount.
The Secretary shall accept prepaid orders for the coins minted under this Act before the issuance of such coins.
Sale prices with respect to prepaid orders under paragraph (1) shall be at a reasonable discount.
All sales of coins issued under this Act shall include a surcharge as follows:
A surcharge of $35 per coin for the gold coins.
A surcharge of $10 per coin for the silver coins.
A surcharge of $5 per coin for the half-dollar coins.
Subject to section 5134(f) of title 31, United States Code, all surcharges received by the Secretary from the sale of coins issued under this Act shall be paid to the Negro Leagues Baseball Museum to fund educational and outreach programs and exhibits.
The Negro Leagues Baseball Museum shall be subject to the audit requirements of section 5134(f)(2) of title 31, United States Code, with regard to the amounts received under subsection (b).
Notwithstanding subsection (a), no surcharge may be included with respect to the issuance under this Act of any coin during a calendar year if, as of the time of such issuance, the issuance of such coin would result in the number of commemorative coin programs issued during such year to exceed the annual 2 commemorative coin program issuance limitation under section 5112(m)(1) of title 31, United States Code. The Secretary of the Treasury may issue guidance to carry out this subsection.
The Secretary shall take such actions as may be necessary to ensure that—
minting and issuing coins under this Act will not result in any net cost to the United States Government; and
no funds, including applicable surcharges, shall be disbursed to any recipient designated in section 7(b) until the total cost of designing and issuing all of the coins authorized by this Act (including labor, materials, dies, use of machinery, overhead expenses, marketing, and shipping) is recovered by the United States Treasury, consistent with sections 5112(m) and 5134(f) of title 31, United States Code.