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H.R. 4194 (116th): National Suicide Hotline Designation Act of 2019

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About the bill

Should there be a three-digit telephone code for help with suicidal thoughts, the way there’s a three-digit code for emergencies?


Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death overall, with more than twice as many suicides as homicides in the U.S.

The National Suicide Prevention Lifeline, more commonly called “the suicide hotline,” is a free service that began in 2005. Last year, the hotline took 2.2 million calls.

The phone number has achieved more prominence lately. A song about suicide with that title, by the rapper Logic featuring the singer Alessia Cara, reached #3 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in 2017. Calls to the hotline tripled after their Grammy Awards performance, which featured families of suicide victims standing on stage.

However, could it have potentially taken …

Sponsor and status

Chris Stewart

Sponsor. Representative for Utah's 2nd congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: Aug 20, 2019
Length: 6 pages
Aug 20, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Enacted Via Other Measures

Provisions of this bill were incorporated into other bills which were enacted.

This bill was incorporated into:

S. 2661: National Suicide Hotline Designation Act of 2020
Enacted — Signed by the President on Oct 17, 2020. (compare text)

150 Cosponsors (106 Democrats, 44 Republicans)



Aug 20, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Feb 27, 2020
Considered by Communications and Technology

A committee held a hearing or business meeting about the bill.

Mar 10, 2020
Considered by Communications and Technology

A committee held a hearing or business meeting about the bill.

Jul 15, 2020
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

H.R. 4194 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 4194. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

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