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H.R. 4408: Eric Garner Excessive Use of Force Prevention Act of 2019

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About the bill

Named after an African-American New York City killed in 2014 after asphyxiation by white police officer Daniel Pantaleo, the Eric Garner Excessive Force Prevention Act would make chokeholds or other oxygen-hindering maneuvers illegal under federal civil rights law.

The House version numbered H.R. 4408 was previously introduced in September 2019 by Rep. Hakeem Jeffries (D-NY8). The Senate version numbered S. 3895 was introduced on June 4 by Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY).

What supporters say

Supporters argue that the chokehold and other similar physical moves have no place in our society, and we see the results with examples such as Garner, Floyd, and others.

“The overwhelming majority of all police officers are hardworking individuals who are on the job to protect and serve,” Rep. Jeffries said in a 2015 press ...

Sponsor and status

Hakeem Jeffries

Sponsor. Representative for New York's 8th congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Sep 19, 2019
Length: 2 pages
Sep 19, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)

Introduced on Sep 19, 2019

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on September 19, 2019. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

3% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Sep 19, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House

Passed Senate

Signed by the President

H.R. 4408 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 4408. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 4408 — 116th Congress: Eric Garner Excessive Use of Force Prevention Act of 2019.” 2019. November 25, 2020 <>

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GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.