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H.R. 4494 (116th): Gray Wolf State Management Act of 2019

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About the bill

Is everybody ganging up on this animal, like a Wolf Blitzer?


The gray wolf was native to the Midwestern states, particularly Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. But a combination of bounties for hunters on the animals plus a decline in the gray wolf’s prey plummeted their numbers. When they were formally protected under the Endangered Species Act in 1973, only about 1,000 to 1,200 were left, solely in northeastern Minnesota.

In the decades since, not only had the gray wolf’s numbers more than doubled in Minnesota, it’s also returned to both Michigan and Wisconsin. Accordingly, the Obama Administration’s Department of Interior removed grey wolves from the endangered species list in 2011.

But in 2014, after a lawsuit filed by the Humane Society of the United States, a U.S. …

Sponsor and status

Collin Peterson

Sponsor. Representative for Minnesota's 7th congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Sep 25, 2019
Length: 2 pages
Sep 25, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on September 25, 2019, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


9 Cosponsors (8 Republicans, 1 Democrat)



Sep 25, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.R. 4494 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 4494. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 4494 — 116th Congress: Gray Wolf State Management Act of 2019.” 2019. January 23, 2022 <>

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GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.