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H.R. 4556: See UNdisclosed Legal Interpretations and Get Honest Transparency Act of 2019

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Are there valid security reasons why as many as 39% of the opinions may be withheld from the public?


The Justice Department’s Office of Legal Counsel (OLC) was created in 1934 to provide legal advice to both the president and other executive branch agencies. For example, to clarify disputes between two different government departments, or to offer an official position on a potential or pending legal dispute against the president.

In practice, their power has grown in recent decades. “Many important questions relating to the scope of executive power never come before the courts,” Jameel Jaffer wrote for Just Security. “It’s the executive branch that has the last word, and within the executive branch, it’s the OLC.”

Recent prominent OLC opinions under the Trump administration include ...

Sponsor and status

Matthew Cartwright

Sponsor. Representative for Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Sep 27, 2019
Length: 11 pages
Sep 27, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)

Introduced on Sep 27, 2019

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on September 27, 2019. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

3% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Sep 27, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House

Passed Senate

Signed by the President

H.R. 4556 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 4556. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 4556 — 116th Congress: See UNdisclosed Legal Interpretations and Get Honest Transparency Act of 2019.” 2019. November 28, 2020 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.