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H.R. 4580 (116th): Prevent Trafficking in Our Schools Act


The text of the bill below is as of Sep 27, 2019 (Introduced). The bill was not enacted into law.


I

116th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 4580

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

September 27, 2019

(for himself, Mr. Van Drew, Mr. Cuellar, and Mr. Mooney of West Virginia) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Education and Labor

A BILL

To direct the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary of Education to carry out programs to combat human trafficking in schools.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Prevent Trafficking in Our Schools Act.

2.

Pilot program for human trafficking awareness training

(a)

In general

Beginning not later than 150 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretaries concerned shall jointly carry out a pilot program under which qualified personnel of the Department of Homeland Security provide annual human trafficking awareness training—

(1)

to personnel of the Department of Education; and

(2)

to teachers, school leaders, and other personnel of elementary schools and secondary schools.

(b)

Training

The annual training provided under subsection (a) shall consist of training consistent with the anti-human trafficking campaign of the Department of Homeland Security commonly known as the Blue Campaign, including the following:

(1)

Instruction in methods that the personnel described in subsection (a) can use to identify and respond to suspected victims and perpetrators of human trafficking.

(2)

Training tailored to the specific location or environment in which the personnel receiving the training perform official duties.

(3)

An explanation of trends and topics determined by the Secretaries concerned to increase the likelihood that human trafficking will be detected and investigated in classrooms and the environment in the school system.

(4)

Best practices for referring human trafficking cases to the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Justice, and State and local law enforcement agencies.

(c)

Mode of training

The training under subsection (a) may be provided through—

(1)

in-class instruction, which may include instruction at the facilities of local law enforcement agencies; or

(2)

distance education (as that term is defined in section 103(7) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1003(7))).

(d)

Termination

The authority to carry out the training program under this section shall terminate on the date that is four years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(e)

Report

(1)

In general

Not later than three years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Education shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report on the training program carried out under this section.

(2)

Elements

The report under paragraph (1) shall include the following:

(A)

An assessment of the effectiveness of the training program at the Federal, State, and local levels.

(B)

The number of educators and administrative personnel who received training under the program.

(C)

The number of human trafficking cases identified and referred to Federal, State, and local authorities as a result of the training program.

(D)

A description of the data metrics used to track—

(i)

local, State, and Federal cases referred to social or victims service agencies or organizations; and

(ii)

the outcomes of such referrals.

(E)

A recommendation concerning whether the training program should be permanently authorized.

3.

Human trafficking public awareness program

(a)

In general

The Secretary of Education shall develop and implement a public awareness program to provide information to the public on the threat of human trafficking in the education system.

(b)

Elements

In carrying out the program under subsection (a), the Secretary shall—

(1)

leverage partnerships to educate students, parents, and the larger community on the threat of human trafficking in the education system; and

(2)

assist human trafficking victims in obtaining rehabilitative services by providing such victims with information on private, public, or nonprofit organizations that offer such services.

4.

Definitions

In this Act:

(1)

ESEA Terms

The terms elementary school, school leader, and secondary school have the meanings given the terms in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).

(2)

Human trafficking

The term human trafficking means an act or practice described in paragraph (9) or paragraph (10) of section 103 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102).

(3)

Secretaries concerned

The term Secretaries concerned means the Secretary of Education and the Secretary of Homeland Security.