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H.R. 4650: Medicare Dental Coverage Act of 2019


The text of the bill below is as of Jan 24, 2020 (Reported by House Committee).


IB

Union Calendar No. 303

116th CONGRESS

2d Session

H. R. 4650

[Report No. 116–325, Parts I and II]

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

October 11, 2019

(for herself and Mr. Horsford) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce, and in addition to the Committee on Ways and Means, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

December 6, 2019

Reported from the Committee on Ways and Means with an amendment

Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed in italic

January 24, 2020

Additional sponsors: Ms. Castor of Florida, Ms. Barragán, Mr. Butterfield, Mr. Cuellar, Ms. Norton, Mr. Malinowski, Mr. Payne, Mr. Welch, and Mr. Cartwright


January 24, 2020

Reported from the Committee on Energy and Commerce, committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed

For text of introduced bill, see copy of bill as introduced on October 11, 2019

A BILL

To amend title XVIII of the Social Security Act to provide coverage for certain dental items and services under part B of the Medicare program.


1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Medicare Dental Coverage Act of 2019.

2.

Dental and oral health care

(a)

Coverage

Section 1861(s)(2) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395x(s)(2)) is amended—

(1)

in subparagraph (GG), by striking and after the semicolon at the end;

(2)

in subparagraph (HH), by striking the period at the end and adding ; and; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

(II)

dental and oral health services (as defined in subsection (kkk));

.

(b)

Dental and oral health services defined

Section 1861 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395x) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(kkk)

Dental and oral health services

(1)

In general

The term dental and oral health services means items and services (other than such items and services for which payment may be made under part A as inpatient hospital services) that are furnished during 2022 or a subsequent year, for which coverage was not provided under part B as of the date of the enactment of this subsection, and that are—

(A)

the preventive and screening services described in paragraph (2) furnished by a doctor of dental surgery or of dental medicine (as described in subsection (r)(2)) or an oral health professional (as defined in paragraph (4)); or

(B)

the basic treatments specified for such year by the Secretary pursuant to paragraph (3)(A) and the major treatments specified for such year by the Secretary pursuant to paragraph (3)(B) furnished by such a doctor or such a professional.

(2)

Preventive and screening services

The preventive and screening services described in this paragraph are the following:

(A)

Oral exams.

(B)

Dental cleanings.

(C)

Dental x-rays performed in the office of a doctor or professional described in paragraph (1)(A).

(D)

Fluoride treatments.

(3)

Basic and major treatments

For 2022 and each subsequent year, the Secretary shall specify—

(A)

basic treatments (which may include basic tooth restorations, basic periodontic services, tooth extractions, and oral disease management services); and

(B)

major treatments (which may include major tooth restorations, major periodontic services, bridges, crowns, dental implants, and root canals);

that shall be included as dental and oral health services for such year.
(4)

Oral health professional

The term oral health professional means, with respect to dental and oral health services, a health professional who is licensed to furnish such services, acting within the scope of such license, by the State in which such services are furnished.

.

(c)

Payment; coinsurance; and limitations

(1)

In general

Section 1833(a)(1) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395l(a)(1)) is amended—

(A)

by striking and before (CC); and

(B)

by inserting before the semicolon at the end the following: , and (DD) with respect to dental and oral health services (as defined in section 1861(kkk)), the amount paid shall be the payment amount specified under section 1834(x).

(2)

Payment and limits specified

Section 1834 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395m) is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

(x)

Payment and limits for dental and oral health services

(1)

In general

The payment amount under this part for dental and oral health services (as defined in section 1861(kkk)) shall be, subject to paragraph (3), the applicable percent (specified in paragraph (2)) of the lesser of the actual charge for the services or the amount determined under the payment basis determined under section 1848.

(2)

Applicable percent

For purposes of paragraph (1), the applicable percent specified in this paragraph is, with respect to dental and oral health services (as defined in section 1861(kkk)) furnished in a year—

(A)

that are preventive and screening services described in paragraph (2) or basic treatments specified for such year pursuant to paragraph (3)(A) of such section, 80 percent; and

(B)

that are major treatments specified for such year pursuant to paragraph (3)(B) of such section—

(i)

in the case such services are furnished during 2022, 10 percent;

(ii)

in the case such services are furnished during 2023 or a subsequent year before 2026, the applicable percent specified under this subparagraph for the previous year, increased by 10 percentage points; and

(iii)

in the case such services are furnished during 2026 or a subsequent year, 50 percent.

(3)

Limitations

With respect to dental and oral health services that are—

(A)

oral exams, payment may be made under this part for not more than two such exams during a 12-month period;

(B)

dental cleanings, payment may be made under this part for not more than two such cleanings during a 12-month period; and

(C)

not described in subparagraph (A) or (B), payment may be made under this part only at such frequencies and under such circumstances determined appropriate by the Secretary.

.

(d)

Payment under physician fee schedule

(1)

In general

Section 1848(j)(3) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–4(j)(3)) is amended by inserting (2)(II), before (3).

(2)

Budget neutrality

Section 1848(c)(2)(B)(iv) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395–w(c)(2)(B)(iv)) is amended—

(A)

in subclause (III), by striking and at the end;

(B)

in subclause (IV), by striking the period at the end and inserting ; and; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following new subclause:

(V)

the amendment made by section 2(d)(1) of the Medicare Dental Act of 2019 shall not be taken into account in applying clause (ii)(II) for 2022 and 2023.

.

(3)

Exclusion from MIPS

Section 1848(q)(1)(C)(ii) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–4(q)(1)(C)(ii)) is amended—

(A)

in subclause (II), by striking or at the end;

(B)

in subclause (III), by striking the period at the end and inserting ; or; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following new subclause:

(IV)

with respect to 2022 and each subsequent year, is a doctor of dental surgery or of dental medicine (as described in section 1861(r)(2)) or is an oral health professional (as defined in section 1861(kkk)(4)).

.

(4)

Inclusion of oral health professionals as certain practitioners

Section 1842(b)(18)(C) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395u(b)(18)(C)) is amended by adding at the end the following new clause:

(vii)

With respect to 2022 and each subsequent year, an oral health professional (as defined in section 1861(kkk)(4)).

.

(e)

Dentures

(1)

In general

Section 1861(s)(8) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395x(s)(8)) is amended—

(A)

by striking (other than dental); and

(B)

by inserting and excluding dental, except for a full or partial set of dentures furnished on or after January 1, 2022 after colostomy care.

(2)

Special payment rules

(A)

Limitations

Section 1834(h) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395m(h)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(6)

Special payment rule for dentures

Payment may be made under this part with respect to an individual for dentures—

(A)

not more than once during any 5-year period (except in the case that a doctor or professional described in section 1861(kkk)(1)(A) determines such dentures do not fit the individual); and

(B)

only to the extent that such dentures are furnished pursuant to a written order of such a doctor or professional.

.

(B)

Application of competitive acquisition

(i)

In general

Section 1834(h)(1)(H) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395m(h)(1)(H)) is amended—

(I)

in the subparagraph heading, by inserting , dentures after orthotics;

(II)

by inserting and of dentures described in paragraph (2)(D) of such section, after 2009,; and

(III)

in clause (i), by inserting or such dentures after orthotics.

(ii)

Conforming amendment

Section 1847(a)(2) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–3(a)(2)) is amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

(D)

Dentures

Dentures for which payment would otherwise be made under section 1834(h).

.

(iii)

Exemption of certain items from competitive acquisition

Section 1847(a)(7) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–3(a)(7)) is amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

(C)

Certain dentures

Those items and services described in paragraph (2)(D) if furnished by a physician or other practitioner (as defined by the Secretary) to the physician’s or practitioner’s own patients as part of the physician’s or practitioner’s professional service.

.

(f)

Exclusion modifications

Section 1862(a) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395y(a)) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (1)—

(A)

in subparagraph (O), by striking and at the end;

(B)

in subparagraph (P), by striking the semicolon at the end and inserting , and; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

(Q)

in the case of dental and oral health services (as defined in section 1861(kkk)) that are preventive and screening services described in paragraph (2) of such section, which are furnished more frequently than provided under section 1834(x)(3);

; and

(2)

in paragraph (12), by inserting before the semicolon at the end the following: and except that payment may be made under part B for dental and oral health services that are covered under section 1861(s)(2)(II).

3.

Implementation funding

The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall provide for the transfer from the Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Fund under section 1841 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395t) to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Program Management Account for the period of 2020 through 2024 of such sums as may be necessary for purposes of implementing the amendments made by section 2.

January 24, 2020

Reported from the Committee on Energy and Commerce, committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union, and ordered to be printed