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H.R. 525: Strengthening the Health Care Fraud Prevention Task Force Act of 2019

The text of the bill below is as of Feb 25, 2019 (Passed the House).


I

116th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 525

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

AN ACT

To amend title XI of the Social Security Act to direct the Secretary of Health and Human Services to establish a public-private partnership for purposes of identifying health care waste, fraud, and abuse.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Strengthening the Health Care Fraud Prevention Task Force Act of 2019.

2.

Public-private partnership for health care waste, fraud, and abuse detection

(a)

In general

Section 1128C(a) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1320a–7c(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(6)

Public-private partnership for waste, fraud, and abuse detection

(A)

In general

Under the program described in paragraph (1), there is established a public-private partnership (in this paragraph referred to as the partnership) of health plans, Federal and State agencies, law enforcement agencies, health care anti-fraud organizations, and any other entity determined appropriate by the Secretary (in this paragraph referred to as partners) for purposes of detecting and preventing health care waste, fraud, and abuse.

(B)

Contract with trusted third party

In carrying out the partnership, the Secretary shall enter into a contract with a trusted third party for purposes of carrying out the duties of the partnership described in subparagraph (C).

(C)

Duties of partnership

The partnership shall—

(i)

provide technical and operational support to facilitate data sharing between partners in the partnership;

(ii)

analyze data so shared to identify fraudulent and aberrant billing patterns;

(iii)

conduct aggregate analyses of health care data so shared across Federal, State, and private health plans for purposes of detecting fraud, waste, and abuse schemes;

(iv)

identify outlier trends and potential vulnerabilities of partners in the partnership with respect to such schemes;

(v)

refer specific cases of potential unlawful conduct to appropriate governmental entities;

(vi)

convene, not less than annually, meetings with partners in the partnership for purposes of providing updates on the partnership’s work and facilitating information sharing between the partners;

(vii)

enter into data sharing and data use agreements with partners in the partnership in such a manner so as to ensure the partnership has access to data necessary to identify waste, fraud, and abuse while maintaining the confidentiality and integrity of such data;

(viii)

provide partners in the partnership with plan-specific, confidential feedback on any aberrant billing patterns or potential fraud identified by the partnership with respect to such partner;

(ix)

establish a process by which entities described in subparagraph (A) may enter the partnership and requirements such entities must meet to enter the partnership;

(x)

provide appropriate training, outreach, and education to partners based on the results of data analyses described in clauses (ii) and (iii); and

(xi)

perform such other duties as the Secretary determines appropriate.

(D)

Substance use disorder treatment analysis

Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of the Strengthening the Health Care Fraud Prevention Task Force Act of 2019, the trusted third party with a contract in effect under subparagraph (B) shall perform an analysis of aberrant or fraudulent billing patterns and trends with respect to providers and suppliers of substance use disorder treatments from data shared with the partnership.

(E)

Executive Board

(i)

Executive Board composition

(I)

In general

There shall be an executive board of the partnership comprised of representatives of the Federal Government and representatives of the private sector selected by the Secretary.

(II)

Chairs

The executive board shall be co-chaired by one Federal Government official and one representative from the private sector.

(ii)

Meetings

The executive board of the partnership shall meet at least once per year.

(iii)

Executive board duties

The duties of the executive board shall include the following:

(I)

Providing strategic direction for the partnership, including membership criteria and a mission statement.

(II)

Communicating with the leadership of the Department of Health and Human Services and the Department of Justice and the various private health sector associations.

(F)

Reports

Not later than September 30, 2021, and every 2 years thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to Congress and make available on the public website of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services a report containing—

(i)

a review of activities conducted by the partnership over the 2-year period ending on the date of the submission of such report, including any progress to any objectives established by the partnership;

(ii)

any savings voluntarily reported by health plans participating in the partnership attributable to the partnership during such period;

(iii)

any savings to the Federal Government attributable to the partnership during such period;

(iv)

any other outcomes attributable to the partnership, as determined by the Secretary, during such period; and

(v)

a strategic plan for the 2-year period beginning on the day after the date of the submission of such report, including a description of any emerging fraud and abuse schemes, trends, or practices that the partnership intends to study during such period.

(G)

Funding

The partnership shall be funded by amounts otherwise made available to the Secretary for carrying out the program described in paragraph (1).

(H)

Transitional provisions

To the extent consistent with this subsection, all functions, personnel, assets, liabilities, and administrative actions applicable on the date before the date of the enactment of this paragraph to the National Fraud Prevention Partnership established on September 17, 2012, by charter of the Secretary shall be transferred to the partnership established under subparagraph (A) as of the date of the enactment of this paragraph.

(I)

Nonapplicability of FACA

The provisions of the Federal Advisory Committee Act shall not apply to the partnership established by subparagraph (A).

(J)

Implementation

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary may implement the partnership established by subparagraph (A) by program instruction or otherwise.

(K)

Definition

For purposes of this paragraph, the term trusted third party means an entity that—

(i)

demonstrates the capability to carry out the duties of the partnership described in subparagraph (C);

(ii)

complies with such conflict of interest standards determined appropriate by the Secretary; and

(iii)

meets such other requirements as the Secretary may prescribe.

.

(b)

Potential expansion of public-Private partnership analyses

Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall conduct a study and submit to Congress a report on the feasibility of the partnership (as described in section 1128C(a)(6) of the Social Security Act, as added by subsection (a)) establishing a system to conduct real-time data analysis to proactively identify ongoing as well as emergent fraud trends for the entities participating in the partnership and provide such entities with real-time feedback on potentially fraudulent claims. Such report shall include the estimated cost of and any potential barriers to the partnership establishing such a system.

Passed the House of Representatives February 25, 2019.

Karen L. Haas,

Clerk.