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H.R. 5345 (116th): Innocent Party Protection Act

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About the bill

What is the appropriate venue for lawsuits against large corporations?


Under current judicial rules, trial lawyers can essentially shop for their court of choice. If taking on a bigger national business, their lawsuit could only be heard in federal court. But many local or state court jurisdictions are perceived as more sympathetic towards lawsuits against corporations than federal courts are.

So in a practice called fraudulent joinder, lawyers will sometimes add an innocent small business to their lawsuit — a business headquartered in the locality or state where they’d prefer the trial be held, in order to obtain a more favorable outcome.

Although that small business is almost always later dropped from the case, they often have to take extensive time or pay large legal fees before that occurs. …

Sponsor and status

Ken Buck

Sponsor. Representative for Colorado's 4th congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: Dec 6, 2019
Length: 3 pages
Dec 6, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on December 6, 2019, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


2 Cosponsors (2 Republicans)



Dec 6, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.R. 5345 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 5345. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

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