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H.R. 5383 (116th): New Way Forward Act

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About the bill

Changes would include decriminalizing undocumented border crossing and ending private immigration detention centers.


A number of immigration-related statistics are surging under the Trump administration.

In fiscal year 2018, the most recent year for which data is available, federal immigration arrests reached their highest level ever — more than quintuple the level from two decades prior. In 2019, the number of apprehensions at the Mexican border reached the highest level since 2007.

The left wing of the Democratic party argues that bold reforms are needed to stem this tide. A seven-part bill they’ve introduced would institute a number of changes to America’s immigration system.

What the bill does

The New Way Forward Act would implement reforms in seven sections, according to its legislative text. These include:

Sponsor and status

Jesús “Chuy” García

Sponsor. Representative for Illinois's 4th congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Dec 10, 2019
Length: 28 pages
Dec 10, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on December 10, 2019, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


44 Cosponsors (44 Democrats)



Dec 10, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.R. 5383 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 5383. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 5383 — 116th Congress: New Way Forward Act.” 2019. March 30, 2023 <>

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GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.