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H.R. 5399 (116th): Locality Pay Equity Act of 2019

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About the bill

Should hourly and salaried federal workers be paid differently for equal work?


Salaried employees and hourly employees for the federal government can receive very different compensation levels, for the exact same level of work.

Salaried employees are paid based on their designated “metropolitan labor market,” because the cost of living and commuting rates in an expensive city such as San Francisco are higher than for more rural areas such as Bismarck, North Dakota. But hourly employees are still paid based on the placement of military installations decades ago during the Cold War era — even if they’re at the same exact location as their salaried counterparts.

An example is at a Pennsylvania location called Tobyhanna Army Depot, where salaried employees are paid 20% to 25% more than their hourly …

Sponsor and status

Matthew “Matt” Cartwright

Sponsor. Representative for Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Dec 11, 2019
Length: 3 pages
Dec 11, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on December 11, 2019, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


3 Cosponsors (2 Democrats, 1 Republican)



Dec 11, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.R. 5399 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 5399. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

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“H.R. 5399 — 116th Congress: Locality Pay Equity Act of 2019.” 2019. November 29, 2021 <>

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