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H.R. 6096 (116th): READI Act


The text of the bill below is as of Sep 18, 2020 (Preprint (Suspension)).


I




                                                                       116TH CONGRESS
                                                                          2D SESSION
                                                                                                            H. R. 6096
                                                                           To improve oversight by the Federal Communications Commission of the
                                                                                      wireless and broadcast emergency alert systems.




                                                                                     IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
                                                                                                      MARCH 5, 2020
                                                                       Mr. MCNERNEY (for himself, Mr. BILIRAKIS, Mr. OLSON, and Ms. GABBARD)
                                                                           introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on En-
                                                                           ergy and Commerce, and in addition to the Committee on Transportation
                                                                           and Infrastructure, for a period to be subsequently determined by the
                                                                           Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within
                                                                           the jurisdiction of the committee concerned




                                                                                                                 A BILL
                                                                       To improve oversight by the Federal Communications Com-
                                                                           mission of the wireless and broadcast emergency alert
                                                                           systems.

                                                                         1              Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa-
                                                                         2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
                                                                         3     SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

                                                                         4              This Act may be cited as the ‘‘Reliable Emergency
                                                                         5 Alert Distribution Improvement Act of 2020’’ or the
                                                                         6 ‘‘READI Act’’.
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                                                                         7     SEC. 2. DEFINITIONS.

                                                                         8              In this Act—

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2 1 (1) the term ‘‘Administrator’’ means the Ad- 2 ministrator of the Federal Emergency Management 3 Agency; 4 (2) the term ‘‘Commission’’ means the Federal 5 Communications Commission; 6 (3) the term ‘‘Emergency Alert System’’ means 7 the national public warning system, the rules for 8 which are set forth in part 11 of title 47, Code of 9 Federal Regulations (or any successor regulation); 10 and 11 (4) the term ‘‘Wireless Emergency Alert Sys- 12 tem’’ means the wireless national public warning 13 system established under the Warning, Alert, and 14 Response Network Act (47 U.S.C. 1201 et seq.), the 15 rules for which are set forth in part 10 of title 47, 16 Code of Federal Regulations (or any successor regu- 17 lation). 18 SEC. 3. WIRELESS EMERGENCY ALERT SYSTEM OFFERINGS. 19 (a) AMENDMENT.—Section 602(b)(2)(E) of the 20 Warning, Alert, and Response Network Act (47 U.S.C. 21 1201(b)(2)(E)) is amended— 22 (1) by striking the second and third sentences; 23 and kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS •HR 6096 IH VerDate Sep 11 2014 02:19 Mar 12, 2020 Jkt 099200 PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:\BILLS\H6096.IH H6096
3 1 (2) by striking ‘‘other than an alert issued by 2 the President.’’ and inserting the following: ‘‘other 3 than an alert issued by— 4 ‘‘(i) the President; or 5 ‘‘(ii) the Administrator of the Federal 6 Emergency Management Agency.’’. 7 (b) REGULATIONS.—Not later than 180 days after 8 the date of enactment of this Act, the Commission shall 9 adopt regulations to implement the amendment made by 10 subsection (a)(2). 11 SEC. 4. STATE EMERGENCY ALERT SYSTEM PLANS AND 12 EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS COMMIT- 13 TEES. 14 (a) DEFINITIONS.—In this section— 15 (1) the term ‘‘SECC’’ means a State Emer- 16 gency Communications Committee; 17 (2) the term ‘‘State’’ means any State of the 18 United States, the District of Columbia, the Com- 19 monwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin 20 Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Common- 21 wealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and any 22 possession of the United States; and 23 (3) the term ‘‘State EAS Plan’’ means a State 24 Emergency Alert System Plan as required in part 11 kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS 25 of title 47, Code of Federal Regulations. •HR 6096 IH VerDate Sep 11 2014 02:19 Mar 12, 2020 Jkt 099200 PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:\BILLS\H6096.IH H6096
4 1 (b) STATE EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS COM- 2 MITTEE.—Not later than 180 days after the date of enact- 3 ment of this Act, the Commission shall adopt regulations 4 that— 5 (1) encourage the chief executive of each 6 State— 7 (A) to establish an SECC if the State does 8 not have an SECC; or 9 (B) if the State has an SECC, to review 10 the composition and governance of the SECC; 11 (2) provide that— 12 (A) each SECC, not less frequently than 13 annually, shall— 14 (i) meet to review and update its 15 State EAS Plan; 16 (ii) certify to the Commission that the 17 SECC has met as required under clause 18 (i); and 19 (iii) submit to the Commission an up- 20 dated State EAS Plan; and 21 (B) not later than 60 days after the date 22 on which the Commission receives an updated 23 State EAS Plan under subparagraph (A)(iii), 24 the Commission shall— kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS •HR 6096 IH VerDate Sep 11 2014 02:19 Mar 12, 2020 Jkt 099200 PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:\BILLS\H6096.IH H6096
5 1 (i) approve or disapprove the updated 2 State EAS Plan; and 3 (ii) notify the chief executive of the 4 State of the Commission’s findings; and 5 (3) establish a State EAS Plan content check- 6 list for SECCs to use when reviewing and updating 7 a State EAS Plan for submission to the Commission 8 under paragraph (2)(A). 9 (c) CONSULTATION.—The Commission shall consult 10 with the Administrator regarding the adoption of regula- 11 tions under subsection (b)(3). 12 SEC. 5. FALSE ALERT REPORTING. 13 Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 14 of this Act, the Commission, in consultation with the Ad- 15 ministrator, shall complete a rulemaking proceeding to es- 16 tablish a system to receive from the Administrator or 17 State, Tribal, or local governments reports of false alerts 18 under the Emergency Alert System or the Wireless Emer- 19 gency Alert System for the purpose of recording such false 20 alerts and examining their causes. 21 SEC. 6. REPEATING EMERGENCY ALERT SYSTEM MES- 22 SAGES FOR NATIONAL SECURITY. 23 (a) IN GENERAL.—Not later than 180 days after the 24 date of enactment of this Act, the Commission, in con- kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS 25 sultation with the Administrator, shall complete a rule- •HR 6096 IH VerDate Sep 11 2014 02:19 Mar 12, 2020 Jkt 099200 PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:\BILLS\H6096.IH H6096
6 1 making proceeding to modify the Emergency Alert System 2 to provide for repeating Emergency Alert System mes- 3 sages while an alert remains pending that is issued by— 4 (1) the President; 5 (2) the Administrator; or 6 (3) any other entity under specified circum- 7 stances as determined by the Commission, in con- 8 sultation with the Administrator. 9 (b) SCOPE OF RULEMAKING.—Subsection (a)— 10 (1) shall apply to warnings of national security 11 events, meaning emergencies of national significance, 12 such as a missile threat, terror attack, or other act 13 of war; and 14 (2) shall not apply to more typical warnings, 15 such as a weather alert, AMBER Alert, or disaster 16 alert. 17 SEC. 7. INTERNET AND ONLINE STREAMING SERVICES 18 EMERGENCY ALERT EXAMINATION. 19 (a) STUDY.—Not later than 180 days after the date 20 of enactment of this Act, and after providing public notice 21 and opportunity for comment, the Commission shall com- 22 plete an inquiry to examine the feasibility of updating the 23 Emergency Alert System to enable or improve alerts to 24 consumers provided through the internet, including kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS 25 through streaming services. •HR 6096 IH VerDate Sep 11 2014 02:19 Mar 12, 2020 Jkt 099200 PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6201 E:\BILLS\H6096.IH H6096
7 1 (b) REPORT.—Not later than 90 days after com- 2 pleting the inquiry under subsection (a), the Commission 3 shall submit a report on the findings and conclusions of 4 the inquiry to— 5 (1) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 6 Transportation of the Senate; and 7 (2) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of 8 the House of Representatives. Æ kjohnson on DSK79L0C42PROD with BILLS •HR 6096 IH VerDate Sep 11 2014 02:19 Mar 12, 2020 Jkt 099200 PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 6652 Sfmt 6301 E:\BILLS\H6096.IH H6096