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H.R. 737: Shark Fin Sales Elimination Act of 2019


The text of the bill below is as of Nov 20, 2019 (Passed the House).

Summary of this bill

Should shark fins, a delicacy in many food items, be banned?

Context

One of the most valuable parts of a shark are its fins, which are often used for foods such as soups. About 73 million shark fins are sold per year, but this comes at a cost. After getting de-finned, the shark is often thrown back into the water to drown or bleed to death.

About 100 million sharks are killed annually, causing a number of shark species to be classified as vulnerable or endangered.

Some policy moves have been made to ban the practice. Since 2000, it’s been illegal to de-fin a shark in U.S. waters ...


I

116th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 737

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

AN ACT

To prohibit the sale of shark fins, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Shark Fin Sales Elimination Act of 2019.

2.

Prohibition on sale of shark fins

(a)

Prohibition

Except as provided in sections 3 and 4, no person shall possess, offer for sale, sell, or purchase any shark fin or product containing any shark fin.

(b)

Penalty

For purposes of section 308(a) of the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (16 U.S.C. 1858(a)), a violation of this section shall be treated as an act prohibited by section 307 of that Act.

3.

Exemption for traditional fisheries, education, and science

Section 2 shall not apply with respect to possession of a shark fin that was taken lawfully under a State, territorial, or Federal license or permit to take or land sharks, if the shark fin is separated from the shark in a manner consistent with the license or permit and is—

(1)

destroyed or discarded upon separation;

(2)

used for noncommercial subsistence purposes in accordance with State or territorial law;

(3)

used solely for display or research purposes by a museum, college, or university, or by any other person under a State or Federal permit to conduct noncommercial scientific research; or

(4)

retained by the license or permit holder for a noncommercial purpose.

4.

Exemption for Dogfish

(a)

In general

It shall not be a violation of section 2 for any person to possess, offer for sale, sell, or purchase any fresh or frozen raw fin or tail from any stock of the species Mustelus canis (smooth dogfish) or Squalus acanthias (spiny dogfish).

(b)

Report

By not later than January 1, 2027, the Secretary of Commerce should review the exemption in subsection (a) and should prepare and submit to the Congress a report that includes a recommendation on whether the exemption should continue or be terminated. In preparing such report and making such recommendation, the Secretary should analyze factors including—

(1)

the economic viability of dogfish fisheries with and without the continuation of the exemption;

(2)

the impact to ocean ecosystems of continuing or terminating the exemption;

(3)

the impact on enforcement of the ban contained in section 3 caused by the exemption; and

(4)

the impact of the exemption on shark conservation.

5.

Inclusion of rays and skates in seafood traceability program

Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Commerce shall revise section 300.324 of title 50, Code of Federal Regulations, to include rays and skates in the species and species groups specified in subsection (a)(2) of such section.

6.

Definitions

In this Act:

(1)

Shark

The term shark means any species of the orders Pristiophoriformes, Squatiniformes, Squaliformes, Hexanchiformes, Lamniformes, Carchariniformes, Orectolobiformes, and Heterodontiformes.

(2)

Shark fin

The term shark fin means the raw, dried, or otherwise processed detached fin, or the raw, dried, or otherwise processed detached tail, of a shark.

7.

State authority

Nothing in this Act affects any right of a State or territory of the United States to adopt or enforce any regulation or standard that is more stringent than a regulation or standard in effect under this Act.

8.

Determination of budget effects

The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purpose of complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by reference to the latest statement titled Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation for this Act, submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by the Chairman of the House Budget Committee, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the vote on passage.

Passed the House of Representatives November 20, 2019.

Cheryl L. Johnson,

Clerk.