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H.R. 77 (116th): Injunctive Authority Clarification Act of 2019

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About the bill

Should a single judge at the lowest level of federal court be able to strike down a law applying to all 327 million Americans?


There are three levels of federal courts, where constitutional challenges to laws, executive orders, and agency regulations are considered. While few dispute the Supreme Court (the highest level) right to strike something down as unconstitutional, the surging practice of judges on district courts (the lowest level) doing the same is proving increasingly controversial.

Left-leaning judges have struck down a number of Trump Administration rules and executive orders, including a ban on travelers coming to America from seven countries, removal of federal money from sanctuary cities that refuse to cooperate with immigration enforcement, and a reinstatement of a ban on transgender service members in the military ...

Sponsor and status

Andy Biggs

Sponsor. Representative for Arizona's 5th congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: Jan 3, 2019
Length: 2 pages
Jan 3, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on January 3, 2019, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.



Jan 3, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

H.R. 77 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 77. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not enacted by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

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“H.R. 77 — 116th Congress: Injunctive Authority Clarification Act of 2019.” 2019. January 22, 2021 <>

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