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H.R. 77: Injunctive Authority Clarification Act of 2019

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About the bill

Should a single judge at the lowest level of federal court be able to strike down a law applying to all 327 million Americans?


There are three levels of federal courts, where constitutional challenges to laws, executive orders, and agency regulations are considered. While few dispute the Supreme Court (the highest level) right to strike something down as unconstitutional, the surging practice of judges on district courts (the lowest level) doing the same is proving increasingly controversial.

Left-leaning judges have struck down a number of Trump Administration rules and ...

Sponsor and status

Andy Biggs

Sponsor. Representative for Arizona's 5th congressional district. Republican.

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Last Updated: Jan 3, 2019
Length: 2 pages
Jan 3, 2019

Introduced on Jan 3, 2019

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on January 3, 2019. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

4% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Jan 3, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed House

Passed Senate

Signed by the President

H.R. 77 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 77 — 116th Congress: Injunctive Authority Clarification Act of 2019.” 2019. February 18, 2020 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.