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H.R. 802: Patriot Employer Act of 2019

The text of the bill below is as of Jan 25, 2019 (Introduced).


I

116th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 802

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

January 25, 2019

(for herself, Mr. Brendan F. Boyle of Pennsylvania, and Mr. Veasey) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Ways and Means

A BILL

To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to provide a tax credit to Patriot employers, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Patriot Employer Act of 2019.

2.

Patriot employer tax credit

(a)

In general

Subpart D of part IV of subchapter A of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by adding at the end the following new section:

45T.

Patriot employer tax credit

(a)

Determination of amount

(1)

In general

For purposes of section 38, the Patriot employer credit determined under this section with respect to any taxpayer who is a Patriot employer for any taxable year shall be equal to 10 percent of the qualified wages paid or incurred by the Patriot employer.

(2)

Limitation

The amount of qualified wages which may be taken into account under paragraph (1) with respect to any employee for any taxable year shall not exceed $15,000.

(b)

Patriot employer

(1)

In general

For purposes of subsection (a), the term Patriot employer means, with respect to any taxable year, any taxpayer—

(A)

which—

(i)

maintains its headquarters in the United States if the taxpayer (or any predecessor) has ever been headquartered in the United States, and

(ii)

is not (and no predecessor of which is) an expatriated entity (as defined in section 7874(a)(2)) for the taxable year or any preceding taxable year ending after March 4, 2003,

(B)

with respect to which no assessable payment has been imposed under section 4980H with respect to any month occurring during the taxable year,

(C)

which provides all employees with—

(i)

paid sick leave, or

(ii)

paid family and medical leave, and

(D)

in the case of—

(i)

a taxpayer which employs an average of more than 50 employees on business days during the taxable year, which—

(I)

provides compensation for at least 90 percent of its employees for services provided by such employees during the taxable year at an hourly rate (or equivalent thereof) not less than an amount equal to 218 percent of the Federal poverty level for an individual for the calendar year in which the taxable year begins divided by 1,750,

(II)

meets the retirement plan requirements of subsection (c) with respect to at least 90 percent of its employees providing services during the taxable year who are not highly compensated employees, and

(III)

meets the additional requirements of subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (2), or

(ii)

any other taxpayer, which meets the requirements of either subclause (I) or (II) of clause (i) for the taxable year.

(2)

Additional requirements for large employers

(A)

United States employment

The requirements of this subparagraph are met for any taxable year if—

(i)

in any case in which the taxpayer increases the number of employees performing substantially all of their services for the taxable year outside the United States, the taxpayer either—

(I)

increases the number of employees performing substantially all of their services inside the United States by an amount not less than the increase in such number for employees outside the United States, or

(II)

has a percentage increase in such employees inside the United States which is not less than the percentage increase in such employees outside the United States,

(ii)

in any case in which the taxpayer decreases the number of employees performing substantially all of their services for the taxable year inside the United States, the taxpayer either—

(I)

decreases the number of employees performing substantially all of their services outside the United States by an amount not less than the decrease in such number for employees inside the United States, or

(II)

has a percentage decrease in employees outside the United States which is not less than the percentage decrease in such employees inside the United States, and

(iii)

there is not a decrease in the number of employees performing substantially all of their services for the taxable year inside the United States by reason of the taxpayer contracting out such services to persons who are not employees of the taxpayer.

(B)

Treatment of individuals in the uniformed services and the disabled

The requirements of this subparagraph are met for any taxable year if—

(i)

the taxpayer provides differential wage payments (as defined in section 3401(h)(2)) to each employee described in section 3401(h)(2)(A) for any period during the taxable year in an amount not less than the difference between the wages which would have been received from the employer during such period and the amount of pay and allowances which the employee receives for service in the uniformed services during such period, and

(ii)

the taxpayer has in place at all times during the taxable year a written policy for the recruitment of employees who have served in the uniformed services or who are disabled.

(3)

Special rules for applying the minimum wage and retirement plan requirements

(A)

Minimum wage

In determining whether the minimum wage requirements of paragraph (1)(D)(i)(I) are met with respect to 90 percent of a taxpayer's employees for any taxable year—

(i)

a taxpayer may elect to exclude from such determination apprentices or learners that an employer may exclude under the regulations under section 14(a) of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, and

(ii)

if a taxpayer meets the requirements of paragraph (2)(B)(i) with respect to providing differential wage payments to any employee for any period (without regard to whether such requirements apply to the taxpayer), the hourly rate (or equivalent thereof) for such payments shall be determined on the basis of the wages which would have been paid by the employer during such period if the employee had not been providing service in the uniformed services.

(B)

Retirement plan

In determining whether the retirement plan requirements of paragraph (1)(D)(i)(II) are met with respect to 90 percent of a taxpayer's employees for any taxable year, a taxpayer may elect to exclude from such determination—

(i)

employees not meeting the age or service requirements under section 410(a)(1) (or such lower age or service requirements as the employer provides), and

(ii)

employees described in section 410(b)(3).

(c)

Retirement plan requirements

(1)

In general

The requirements of this subsection are met for any taxable year with respect to an employee of the taxpayer who is not a highly compensated employee if the employee is eligible to participate in 1 or more applicable eligible retirement plans maintained by the employer for a plan year ending with or within the taxable year.

(2)

Applicable eligible retirement plan

For purposes of this subsection, the term applicable eligible retirement plan means an eligible retirement plan which, with respect to the plan year described in paragraph (1), is either—

(A)

a defined contribution plan which—

(i)

requires the employer to make nonelective contributions of at least 5 percent of the compensation of the employee, or

(ii)

both—

(I)

includes an eligible automatic contribution arrangement (as defined in section 414(w)(3)) under which the uniform percentage described in section 414(w)(3)(B) is at least 5 percent, and

(II)

requires the employer to make matching contributions of 100 percent of the elective deferrals (as defined in section 414(u)(2)(C)) of the employee to the extent such deferrals do not exceed the percentage specified by the plan (not less than 5 percent) of the employee's compensation, or

(B)

a defined benefit plan—

(i)

with respect to which the accrued benefit of the employee derived from employer contributions, when expressed as an annual retirement benefit, is not less than the product of—

(I)

the lesser of 2 percent multiplied by the employee’s years of service (determined under the rules of paragraphs (4), (5), and (6) of section 411(a)) with the employer or 20 percent, multiplied by

(II)

the employee’s final average pay, or

(ii)

which is an applicable defined benefit plan (as defined in section 411(a)(13)(B))—

(I)

which meets the interest credit requirements of section 411(b)(5)(B)(i) with respect to the plan year, and

(II)

under which the employee receives a pay credit for the plan year which is not less than 5 percent of compensation.

(3)

Definitions and special rules

For purposes of this subsection—

(A)

Eligible retirement plan

The term eligible retirement plan has the meaning given such term by section 402(c)(8)(B), except that in the case of an account or annuity described in clause (i) or (ii) thereof, such term shall only include an account or annuity which is a simplified employee pension (as defined in section 408(k)).

(B)

Final average pay

For purposes of paragraph (2)(B)(i)(II), final average pay shall be determined using the period of consecutive years (not exceeding 5) during which the employee had the greatest compensation from the taxpayer.

(C)

Alternative plan designs

The Secretary may prescribe regulations for a taxpayer to meet the requirements of this subsection through a combination of defined contribution plans or defined benefit plans described in paragraph (1) or through a combination of both such types of plans.

(D)

Plans must meet requirements without taking into account Social Security and similar contributions and benefits

A rule similar to the rule of section 416(e) shall apply.

(d)

Qualified wages and compensation

For purposes of this section—

(1)

In general

The term qualified wages means wages (as defined in section 51(c), determined without regard to paragraph (4) thereof) paid or incurred by the Patriot employer during the taxable year to employees—

(A)

who perform substantially all of their services for such Patriot employer inside the United States, and

(B)

with respect to whom—

(i)

in the case of a Patriot employer which employs an average of more than 50 employees on business days during the taxable year, the requirements of subclauses (I) and (II) of subsection (b)(1)(D)(i) are met, and

(ii)

in the case of any other Patriot employer, the requirements of either subclause (I) or (II) of subsection (b)(1)(D)(i) are met.

(2)

Special rules for agricultural labor and railway labor

Rules similar to the rules of section 51(h) shall apply.

(3)

Compensation

For purposes of subsections (b)(1)(D)(i)(I) and (c), the term compensation has the same meaning as qualified wages, except that section 51(c)(2) shall be disregarded in determining the amount of such wages.

(e)

Aggregation Rules

For purposes of this section—

(1)

In general

All persons treated as a single employer under subsection (a) or (b) of section 52 shall be treated as a single taxpayer.

(2)

Special rules for certain requirements

For purposes of applying paragraphs (1)(A) and (2)(A) of subsection (b)—

(A)

the determination under subsections (a) and (b) of section 52 for purposes of paragraph (1) shall be made without regard to section 1563(b)(2)(C) (relating to exclusion of foreign corporations), and

(B)

if any person treated as a single taxpayer under this subsection (after application of subparagraph (A)), or any predecessor of such person, was an expatriated entity (as defined in section 7874(a)(2)) for any taxable year ending after March 4, 2003, then all persons treated as a single taxpayer with such person shall be treated as expatriated entities.

(f)

Election To have credit not apply

(1)

In general

A taxpayer may elect to have this section not apply for any taxable year.

(2)

Time for making election

An election under paragraph (1) for any taxable year may be made (or revoked) at any time before the expiration of the 3-year period beginning on the last date prescribed by law for filing the return for such taxable year (determined without regard to extensions).

(3)

Manner of making election

An election under paragraph (1) (or revocation thereof) shall be made in such manner as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe.

.

(b)

Allowance as general business credit

Section 38(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by striking plus at the end of paragraph (31), by striking the period at the end of paragraph (32) and inserting , plus, and by adding at the end the following:

(33)

in the case of a Patriot employer (as defined in section 45T(b)) for any taxable year, the Patriot employer credit determined under section 45T(a).

.

(c)

Denial of double benefit

Subsection (a) of section 280C of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by inserting 45T(a), after 45S(a),.

(d)

Effective date

The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after December 31, 2019.