H. R. 8041
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
August 14, 2020
Mr. Harder of California (for himself, Mr. Garamendi, Mr. McNerney, Mr. Cox of California, Ms. DeGette, Mrs. Napolitano, Mr. Bera, Mr. Neguse, and Mr. Costa) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Natural Resources
To establish a Snow Water Supply Forecasting Program within the Department of the Interior, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Snow Water Supply Forecasting Program Authorization Act.
In this Act:
The term program means the Snow Water Supply Forecasting Program established by section 3.
The term Reclamation State means a State or territory described in the first section of the Act of June 17, 1902 (32 Stat. 388, chapter 1093; 43 U.S.C. 391).
The term Secretary means the Secretary of the Interior.
Snow water supply forecasting program
The Snow Water Supply Forecasting Program is hereby established within the Department of the Interior.
To implement the program, the Secretary shall—
develop the program framework in coordination with other Federal agencies pursuant to section 4, culminating in the report required under section 4(c); and
after submitting the report required by section 4(c), implement activities to improve snowpack measurement in particular watersheds pursuant to section 5.
Development of program framework in coordination with other Federal agencies
Snowpack measurement data
When determining water supply forecasts or allocations to Federal water contractors, the Secretary, acting through the Commissioner of the Bureau of Reclamation, shall incorporate, to the greatest extent practicable, information from emerging technologies for snowpack measurement, such as—
synthetic aperture radar;
laser altimetry; and
other emerging technologies that the Secretary determines are likely to provide more accurate or timely snowpack measurement data.
In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary shall coordinate data use and collection efforts with other Federal agencies that use or may benefit from the use of emerging technologies for snowpack measurement.
Emerging Technologies Report
Not later than October 1, 2021, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that—
summarizes the use of emerging technologies pursuant to this section;
describes benefits derived from the use of technologies summarized under paragraph (1) related to the environment and increased water supply reliability; and
describes how Federal agencies will coordinate to implement emerging technologies.
Activities implementing framework
After submitting the report required under section 4(c), the Secretary shall participate with program partners in implementing activities to improve snowpack measurement in particular watersheds.
The program shall focus on activities that will maintain, establish, expand, or advance snowpack measurement consistent with the report required by section 4(c), with an emphasis on—
enhancing activities in river basins to achieve improved snow and water supply forecasting results;
activities in river basins where snow water supply forecasting related activities described in this section are not occurring on the of the date of the enactment of this Act; and
demonstrating or testing new, or improving existing, snow and water supply forecasting technology.
The Secretary may provide information collected and analyzed under this Act to program partners through appropriate mechanisms, including interagency agreements with Federal agencies, States, State agencies, or a combination thereof, leases, contracts, cooperative agreements, grants, loans, and memoranda of understanding.
Program partners with whom the Secretary enters into cooperative agreements pursuant to subsection (e) may include water districts, irrigation districts, water associations, universities, State agencies, other Federal agencies, private sector entities, nongovernmental organizations, and other entities, as determined by the Secretary.
The Secretary may—
enter into cooperative agreements with program partners to allow the program to be administered efficiently and cost effectively through cost sharing or by providing additional in-kind resources necessary for program implementation; and
provide nonreimbursable matching funding for programmatic and operational activities under this section in consultation with program partners.
Nothing in this Act shall modify any obligation of the Secretary to comply with applicable Federal and State environmental laws in carrying out this Act.
Program implementation report
Not later than 4 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report to the Committee on Natural Resources and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, that includes—
a list of basins and sub-basins for which snowpack measurement technologies are being used under the program, including a description of each technology used; and
a list of Federal agencies and program partners participating in each basin or sub-basin listed in paragraph (1).
Authorization of appropriations
There is authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary to carry out this Act $15,000,000, in the aggregate, for fiscal years 2022 through 2026.