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H.R. 9 (116th): Climate Action Now Act

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About the bill

The Paris Agreement, named after the city where it was negotiated, is the international treaty by which almost every nation on earth has agreed to limit emissions. Will the U.S. remain a participant in the biggest international accord ever created to counter the climate crisis?


The U.S. is responsible for about 15% of global greenhouse gas emissions, the primary cause of global warming.

President Obama formally entered the U.S. into the Paris Agreement in September 2016, during his closing months in office. Specifically, he committed the U.S. to reduce its emissions by at least -26% below its 2005 levels by 2025.

Yet less than a year later in June 2017, President Trump reversed course and announced the U.S. would pull out.

Due to provisions in the Agreement …

Sponsor and status

Kathy Castor

Sponsor. Representative for Florida's 14th congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: May 7, 2019
Length: 16 pages
Mar 27, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced in a previous session of Congress and was passed by the House on May 2, 2019 but was never passed by the Senate.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


224 Cosponsors (223 Democrats, 1 Republican)


Position statements

What legislators are saying

House Is At Work While Senate Stalls
    — Rep. John Larson [D-CT1] (Co-sponsor) on Jan 11, 2020

Hastings Statement on the 50th Anniversary of Earth Day
    — Rep. Alcee Hastings [D-FL20, 2013-2021] (Co-sponsor) on Apr 22, 2020

Congresswoman Beatty Renews Call for Senate Action on 300+ House-Passed Bills in New Year
    — Rep. Joyce Beatty [D-OH3] on Jan 7, 2020

More statements at ProPublica Represent...

What stakeholders are saying

R Street Institute estimates H.R. 9 will add $1 million in new spending through 2024.


Mar 27, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Apr 3, 2019
Considered by House Committee on Energy and Commerce

A committee held a hearing or business meeting about the bill.

Apr 4, 2019
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

Apr 9, 2019
Considered by House Committee on Foreign Affairs

A committee held a hearing or business meeting about the bill.

May 2, 2019
Passed House (Senate next)

The bill was passed in a vote in the House. It goes to the Senate next.

H.R. 9 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number H.R. 9. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.R. 9 — 116th Congress: Climate Action Now Act.” 2019. December 9, 2022 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.