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H.Res. 411: Defining Presidential wars not declared by Congress under article I, section 8, clause 11 (Declare War Clause) as impeachable “high crimes and misdemeanors” within the meaning of article II, section 4 of the Constitution and defining the meanings of war and cobelligerency for purposes of the Declare War Clause and Impeachment provisions.

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Sponsor and status

Tulsi Gabbard

Sponsor. Representative for Hawaii's 2nd congressional district. Democrat.

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Last Updated: May 30, 2019
Length: 5 pages
May 30, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)

Introduced on May 30, 2019

This resolution is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on May 30, 2019. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.


Position statements

What legislators are saying

Rep. Tulsi Gabbard Says Outrageous for Pentagon to Push for Weakening Regulations That Will Open Corporate Revolving Door
    — Rep. Tulsi Gabbard [D-HI2] (Sponsor) on Apr 17, 2020

Rep. Tulsi Gabbard Votes: No War With Iran
    — Rep. Tulsi Gabbard [D-HI2] (Sponsor) on Mar 11, 2020

Rep. Tulsi Gabbard Votes to Uphold Constitution & Congressional War Powers Authority
    — Rep. Tulsi Gabbard [D-HI2] (Sponsor) on Jan 30, 2020

More statements at ProPublica Represent...


May 30, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this resolution has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Agreed To

H.Res. 411 is a simple resolution in the United States Congress.

A simple resolution is used for matters that affect just one chamber of Congress, often to change the rules of the chamber to set the manner of debate for a related bill. It must be agreed to in the chamber in which it was introduced. It is not voted on in the other chamber and does not have the force of law.

Resolutions numbers restart every two years. That means there are other resolutions with the number H.Res. 411. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“H.Res. 411 — 116th Congress: Defining Presidential wars not declared by Congress under article I, section 8, clause 11 (Declare ...” 2019. November 24, 2020 <>

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