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S. 1178: Safety is Not for Sale Act of 2019


The text of the bill below is as of Apr 11, 2019 (Introduced).


II

116th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 1178

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

April 11, 2019

(for himself, Mrs. Feinstein, Mr. Blumenthal, Mr. Menendez, Ms. Klobuchar, Mr. Van Hollen, Mr. Wyden, Mr. Merkley, and Ms. Smith) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

A BILL

To require aircraft manufacturers to offer or provide non-required safety enhancing equipment of an aircraft without additional charge to an air carrier, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Safety is Not for Sale Act of 2019.

2.

Definitions

In this Act:

(1)

Administrator

The term Administrator means the Administrator of the Federal Aviation Administration.

(2)

Air carrier

The term air carrier has the meaning given that term in section 40102 of title 49, United States Code.

(3)

Angle of attack indicator

The term angle of attack indicator means an instrument that provides a visual indication of the amount of lift an aircraft is generating at a given airspeed or angle of bank.

(4)

Backup fire suppression systems

The term backup fire suppression systems means safety features that provide additional firefighting capability to required systems that are certified by the Federal Aviation Administration.

(5)

Covered air carrier

The term covered air carrier means an air carrier operating under part 121 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations.

(6)

Covered manufacturer

The term covered manufacturer means an entity that manufacturers or otherwise produces aircraft operating under part 121 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, and holds a production certificate under section 44704(c) of title 49, United States Code.

(7)

Disagree alerts

The term disagree alerts means an indication to one or more crewmembers that may be visual, aural, or indicated by some other means, when two or more redundant aircraft safety-critical sensors are providing different readings.

(8)

Non-required safety enhancing equipment

The term non-required safety enhancing equipment means an apparatus, item, software, alert, or system that is not required by any Federal regulations and measurably increases aircraft safety, including any—

(A)

traffic advisory system;

(B)

terrain advisory;

(C)

attitude indicator;

(D)

weather advisory;

(E)

crashworthiness improvement;

(F)

configuration advisory;

(G)

supplemental indicator;

(H)

monitoring or detection system;

(I)

extinguishing system; and

(J)

stability and control apparatus, item, alert, or system.

3.

Requirement to offer or provide non-required safety enhancing equipment of an aircraft

(a)

Requirement

Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall require a covered manufacturer to offer or provide non-required safety enhancing equipment without an additional charge to a covered air carrier.

(b)

Non-Required safety enhancing equipment program

To carry out the requirement in subsection (a), the Administrator shall create and implement a program to identify, classify, and approve non-required safety enhancing equipment that—

(1)

has a variety of safety benefits, including (but not limited to)—

(A)

increasing overall situational awareness;

(B)

providing additional information other than the aircraft primary system;

(C)

providing independent warning, cautionary, or advisory indications; and

(D)

providing additional occupant safety protection;

(2)

is determined to be a minor change to type design; and

(3)

mitigates a non-essential function failure condition.

(c)

Equipment approval

The Administrator shall identify, classify, and approve non-required safety enhancing equipment that—

(1)

has met or exceeded minimum design requirements to assure the effective operation of the non-required safety enhancing equipment;

(2)

has met or exceeded safety objectives to ensure non-required safety enhancing equipment enhances safety and is complementary to required equipment; and

(3)

has a completed safety evaluation that considers—

(A)

whether the non-required safety enhancing equipment requires pilot and crewmember training, taking into account the architecture, functionality, operational capabilities and limitations of the non-required safety enhancing equipment, and assurances that all foreseeable failure conditions have been identified and assessed; and

(B)

interactions and operational interfaces related to human factors.

4.

Non-required safety enhancing equipment reporting requirement

(a)

Reporting requirement

The Administrator shall—

(1)

require a covered manufacturer to submit to the Administrator, not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this Act and every year thereafter, a list of all non-required safety enhancing equipment the covered manufacturer offers to covered air carriers, without regard to whether any such equipment has been approved under the process established under section 2, that includes the information specified in subsection (b); and

(2)

publish on a public website, and make accessible to the general public, each such list submitted.

(b)

Content requirements

With respect to each non-required safety enhancing equipment a covered manufacturer includes in any list submitted in accordance with subsection (a), the covered manufacturer shall describe in detail how the equipment—

(1)

increases overall situational awareness;

(2)

provides additional information other than the aircraft primary system;

(3)

provides independent warning, cautionary, or advisory indications; and

(4)

provides additional occupant safety protection.

5.

Required performance standards for angle of attack indicators disagree alerts, and backup fire suppression systems

(a)

Development and certification requirements

(1)

Deadline for implementation

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall—

(A)

establish performance standards applicable to angle of attack indicators, disagree alerts, and backup fire suppression systems for aircraft operating under part 121 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations; and

(B)

implement procedures for covered manufacturers to obtain certification for angle of attack indicators, disagree alerts, and backup fire suppression systems for such aircraft that meet such performance standards as a condition of holding a production certificate under section 44704(c) of title 49, United States Code.

(2)

Monthly progress reports

During the 1-year period that begins on the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit monthly reports to Congress on the progress being made to carry out the requirements of paragraph (1).

(b)

Installation and operation

The Administrator shall require by regulation that, not later than 30 months after the date certification procedures are implemented in accordance with paragraph (1)(B), angle of attack indicators, disagree alerts, and backup fire suppression systems that are certified as meeting the applicable performance standards established under paragraph (1)(A) are installed and operated on each aircraft operating under part 121 of title 14, Code of Federal Regulations.