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S. 1290: Fairness to Pet Owners Act of 2019

The text of the bill below is as of May 2, 2019 (Introduced).


II

116th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 1290

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

May 2, 2019

(for himself and Mr. Lee) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

A BILL

To promote competition and help consumers save money by giving them the freedom to choose where they buy prescription pet medications, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Fairness to Pet Owners Act of 2019.

2.

Applicability

This Act shall only apply to medication for a domesticated household animal that the Federal Government bars consumers from purchasing without a prescription.

3.

Pet owner rights to copies of veterinary prescriptions

(a)

Requirements

Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Federal Trade Commission shall promulgate rules in accordance with section 553 of title 5, United States Code, that include the following requirements with regard to a veterinary prescription:

(1)

In general

A requirement that the prescriber of an animal drug shall—

(A)

whether or not requested by the pet owner, provide to the pet owner, before offering to fill or dispensing, a veterinary prescription, a copy of the veterinary prescription; and

(B)

provide a copy of the prescription, consistent with applicable State law, if requested by a pharmacy or any other person designated to act on behalf of the pet owner.

(2)

Purchase, payment, and waiver

A requirement that the prescriber of an animal drug—

(A)

may not—

(i)

require purchase of the animal drug for which the veterinary prescription was written from the prescriber or from another person as a condition of providing a copy of the veterinary prescription or verifying such prescription under paragraph (1);

(ii)

require payment in addition to, or as part of, the fee for an examination and evaluation as a condition of providing a copy of the veterinary prescription or verifying such prescription under paragraph (1); or

(iii)

require the pet owner to sign a waiver or disclaim liability, or deliver to the pet owner a notice waiving or disclaiming liability of the prescriber for the accuracy of the veterinary prescription, as a condition of providing a copy of such prescription or verifying such prescription under paragraph (1); and

(B)

may require payment of fees for an examination and evaluation before providing a veterinary prescription, but only if the prescriber requires immediate payment in the case of an examination that reveals no requirement for an animal drug.

(b)

Electronic options

The Federal Trade Commission shall ensure that the requirements promulgated under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection (a)(1) allow for the provision of copies of prescriptions by electronic or other means.

4.

Enforcement

(a)

Unfair or deceptive act or practice

A violation of a rule prescribed pursuant to section 3 of this Act shall be treated as a violation of a rule defining an unfair or deceptive act or practice prescribed under section 18(a)(1)(B) of the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 57a(a)(1)(B)).

(b)

Powers of Commission

(1)

In general

The Federal Trade Commission shall enforce this Act in the same manner, by the same means, and with the same jurisdiction as though all applicable terms and provisions of the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 41 et seq.) were incorporated into and made a part of this Act.

(2)

Privileges and immunities

Any person who violates a rule prescribed pursuant to section 3 of this Act shall be subject to the penalties and entitled to the privileges and immunities provided in the Federal Trade Commission Act (15 U.S.C. 41 et seq.).

5.

Definitions

In this Act:

(1)

Animal drug

The term animal drug means a drug intended to be administered to an animal that may not be dispensed without a prescription.

(2)

Domesticated household animal

The term domesticated household animal means a companion animal permitted under applicable State and local law to be kept in a home for noncommercial purposes.

(3)

Pet owner

The term pet owner means the legal owner of a domesticated household animal or a person designated by such owner to present such animal to the prescriber for care.

(4)

Prescriber

The term prescriber means a health care practitioner who is licensed to practice veterinary medicine or other person permitted under State law to issue prescriptions for animal drugs.

(5)

Veterinary prescription

The term veterinary prescription

(A)

means a written, oral, or electronic order from a prescriber authorizing the dispensing of an animal drug for use by a domesticated household animal and normally administered to the animal by its owner, issued in accordance with State and Federal law; and

(B)

does not include an animal drug administered by the veterinarian in the course of providing acute care.