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S. 1427 (116th): Global Leadership in Advanced Manufacturing Act of 2019


The text of the bill below is as of Nov 16, 2020 (Reported by Senate Committee). The bill was not enacted into law.


II

Calendar No. 584

116th CONGRESS

2d Session

S. 1427

[Report No. 116–291]

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

May 13, 2019

(for himself, Mr. Gardner, Mrs. Gillibrand, Mr. Tillis, Ms. Hassan, Mr. Peters, Mr. Moran, Mr. Rubio, Ms. Klobuchar, and Ms. Collins) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

November 16, 2020

Reported by , with an amendment

Strike out all after the enacting clause and insert the part printed in italic

A BILL

To amend the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act to improve the Network for Manufacturing Innovation Program, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Global Leadership in Advanced Manufacturing Act of 2019.

2.

Improvements to Network for Manufacturing Innovation Program

(a)

Centers for manufacturing innovation

Subsection (c) of section 34 of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act (15 U.S.C. 278s) is amended—

(1)

in subparagraphs (B) and (C)(i) of paragraph (1), by striking and tool both places it appears and inserting tool development for microelectronics, food manufacturing, superconductors, advanced battery technologies, robotics, advanced sensors, quantum information science, supply chain water optimization, and aeronautics and advanced materials;

(2)

in paragraph (2)(D), by striking and minority and inserting , minority, and veteran; and

(3)

in paragraph (3)(A), by striking , but such and all that follows through under subsection (d).

(b)

Financial assistance To establish and support centers for manufacturing innovation

Subsection (d) of such section is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (4)—

(A)

in subparagraph (C)—

(i)

in clause (i), by striking ; and and inserting a semicolon;

(ii)

in clause (ii)—

(I)

by inserting , including appropriate measures for assessing the effectiveness of the activities funded with regards to the center's success in advancing the current state of the applicable advanced manufacturing technology area such as technology readiness level and manufacturing readiness level, after measures; and

(II)

by striking the period at the end; and

(iii)

by adding at the end the following:

(iii)

establish standards for the performance of centers for manufacturing innovation that are based on the measures developed under clause (ii); and

(iv)

for each center for manufacturing innovation supported by the award, if any, once every 5 years, conduct an assessment of the center to confirm whether the performance of the center is meeting the standards for performance established under clause (iii).

;

(B)

in subparagraph (D), by inserting , including the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Defense, the Department of Education, the Department of Energy, the Department of Labor, the Food and Drug Administration, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Institutes of Health, and the National Science Foundation after manufacturing; and

(C)

in subparagraph (E)—

(i)

in clause (ii), by striking without the need for long-term Federal funding;

(ii)

in clause (iii), by striking significantly;

(iii)

in clause (v), by inserting and to improve the domestic supply chain after technologies; and

(iv)

in clause (ix), by inserting industrial, research, entrepreneurship, and other after leverage the;

(2)

in paragraph (5)—

(A)

by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the following:

(A)

In general

No award of financial assistance may be made under paragraph (1) to support a center for manufacturing innovation that the Secretary finds under paragraph (4)(C) does not meet the standards for performance established under paragraph (4)(C)(iii).

;

(B)

in subparagraph (B)—

(i)

in the first sentence, by striking large capital facilities or equipment purchases and inserting large capital facilities, equipment purchases, workforce development, or general operations; and

(ii)

by striking the second sentence; and

(C)

by striking subparagraph (C); and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(6)

Use of financial assistance

Financial assistance awarded under paragraph (1) may be used—

(A)

for the purposes described in such paragraph; or

(B)

to carry out Program-wide activities directed by the Secretary, such as activities targeting workforce development.

.

(c)

Funding

Subsection (e)(2) of such section is amended—

(1)

by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:

(A)

NIST industrial technical services account

To the extent provided for in advance by appropriations Acts, the Secretary may use amounts appropriated to the Institute for Industrial Technical Services account to carry out this section as follows:

(i)

For each of the fiscal years 2015 through 2019, an amount not to exceed $5,000,000.

(ii)

For each of fiscal years 2020 through 2030, such amounts as may be necessary to carry out this section.

; and

(2)

in subparagraph (B), by striking through 2024 and inserting through 2019.

(d)

National Program Office

Subsection (f) of such section is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (2)—

(A)

in subparagraph (B)—

(i)

by inserting coordinate with and, as appropriate, before enter; and

(ii)

by inserting including the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Defense, the Department of Education, the Department of Energy, the Department of Labor, the Food and Drug Administration, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Institutes of Health, and the National Science Foundation, after manufacturing,;

(B)

in subparagraph (E), by striking ; and and inserting a semicolon;

(C)

by redesignating subparagraph (F) as subparagraph (J); and

(D)

by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following:

(F)

to carry out pilot programs in collaboration with the centers for manufacturing innovation such as a laboratory-embedded entrepreneurship program;

(G)

to provide support services and funding as necessary to promote workforce development activities;

(H)

to coordinate with centers for manufacturing innovation to develop best practices for the membership agreements and coordination of similar project solicitations;

(I)

to collaborate with the Department of Labor, the Department of Education, industry, career and technical education schools, local community colleges, universities, and labor organizations to provide input for the development of national certifications for advanced manufacturing workforce skills in the technology areas of the centers for manufacturing innovation; and

;

(2)

in paragraph (3), by inserting State and local governments, after community colleges,; and

(3)

in paragraph (5)—

(A)

by striking The Secretary and inserting the following:

(A)

In general

The Secretary

; and

(B)

by adding at the end the following:

(B)

Liaisons

(i)

In general

The Secretary may provide financial assistance to a manufacturing extension center established as part of the Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership to detail a liaison of the center to a center for manufacturing innovation to facilitate the support by the Partnership of at least the following:

(I)

Cybersecurity awareness and support services for small- and medium-sized manufacturers.

(II)

Assistance with workforce development.

(III)

Technology transfer for small and medium-sized manufacturers.

(ii)

Selection of liaisons

Selection of a liaison under this subparagraph shall be made in coordination with the applicable center for manufacturing innovation.

.

(e)

Reporting and auditing

Subsection (g) of such section is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (2)(A), by striking December 31, 2024 and inserting December 31, 2030; and

(2)

in paragraph (3)—

(A)

in subparagraph (A)—

(i)

by striking 2 years and inserting 3 years; and

(ii)

by striking 2-year and inserting 3-year; and

(B)

in subparagraph (B), by striking December 31, 2024 and inserting December 31, 2030.

(f)

Expansion

Subject to the availability of appropriations, the Secretary of Commerce shall increase the number of centers for manufacturing innovation that participate in the Network for Manufacturing Innovation Program.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Global Leadership in Advanced Manufacturing Act of 2019.

2.

Improvements to Network for Manufacturing Innovation Program

(a)

Alternate program name

Subsection (a) of section 34 of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act (15 U.S.C. 278s) is amended by inserting or as Manufacturing USA after as the Network for Manufacturing Innovation Program.

(b)

Centers for manufacturing innovation

Subsection (c) of such section is amended—

(1)

in subparagraphs (B) and (C)(i) of paragraph (1), by striking and tool development for microelectronics both places it appears and inserting tool development for microelectronics, food manufacturing, superconductors, advanced battery technologies, robotics, advanced sensors, quantum information science, supply chain water optimization, aeronautics and advanced materials, and graphene and graphene commercialization;

(2)

in paragraph (2)(D), by striking and minority and inserting , minority, and veteran; and

(3)

in paragraph (3)(A), by striking , but such and all that follows through under subsection (d).

(c)

Financial assistance To establish and support centers for manufacturing innovation

Subsection (d) of such section is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (1) is amended to read as follows:

(1)

In general

In carrying out the Program, the Secretary shall award financial assistance to the following:

(A)

To a person or group of persons to assist the person or group of persons in planning, establishing, or supporting a center for manufacturing innovation.

(B)

To a center for manufacturing innovation, including a center that was not established using Federal funds, to support workforce development, cross-center projects, and other efforts which support the purposes of the Program.

;

(2)

in paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), by striking under paragraph (1) each place it appears and inserting under paragraph (1)(A);

(3)

in paragraph (4)—

(A)

in subparagraph (C)—

(i)

in clause (i), by striking ; and and inserting a semicolon;

(ii)

in clause (ii)—

(I)

by inserting , including appropriate measures for assessing the effectiveness of the activities funded with regards to the center's success in advancing the current state of the applicable advanced manufacturing technology area such as technology readiness level and manufacturing readiness level, after measures; and

(II)

by striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and

(iii)

by adding at the end the following:

(iii)

establish standards for the performance of centers for manufacturing innovation that are based on the measures developed under clause (ii); and

(iv)

for each center for manufacturing innovation supported by the award, 5 years after the initial award and every 5 years thereafter until Federal funding is discontinued, conduct an assessment of the center to confirm whether the performance of the center is meeting the standards for performance established under clause (iii).

;

(B)

in subparagraph (D), by inserting , including, as appropriate, the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Defense, the Department of Education, the Department of Energy, the Department of Labor, the Food and Drug Administration, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Institutes of Health, and the National Science Foundation after manufacturing; and

(C)

in subparagraph (E)—

(i)

in clause (ii), by striking without the need for long-term Federal funding;

(ii)

in clause (iii), by striking significantly;

(iii)

in clause (v), by inserting and to improve the domestic supply chain after technologies; and

(iv)

in clause (ix), by inserting industrial, research, entrepreneurship, and other after leverage the;

(4)

in paragraph (5)—

(A)

by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the following:

(A)

Performance deficiency

(i)

Notice of deficiency

If the Secretary finds that a center for manufacturing innovation does not meet the standards for performance established under clause (iii) of paragraph (4)(C) during an assessment pursuant to clause (iv) of such paragraph, the Secretary shall notify the center of any deficiencies in the performance of the center and provide the center one year to remedy such deficiencies.

(ii)

Failure to remedy

If a center for manufacturing innovation fails to remedy a deficiency identified under clause (i) or to show significant improvement in performance one year after notification of a performance deficiency identified under clause (i), the Secretary shall notify the center that the center is ineligible for further financial assistance awarded under paragraph (1) .

;

(B)

in subparagraph (B), in the first sentence, by striking large capital facilities or equipment purchases and inserting satellite centers, large capital facilities, equipment purchases, workforce development, or general operations; and

(C)

by striking subparagraph (C); and

(5)

by adding at the end the following:

(6)

Use of financial assistance

Financial assistance awarded under paragraph (1)(B) may be used to carry out Program-wide activities directed by the Secretary, such as activities targeting workforce development.

.

(d)

Funding

Subsection (e)(2) of such section is amended—

(1)

by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:

(A)

NIST industrial technical services account

To the extent provided for in advance by appropriations Acts, the Secretary may use amounts appropriated to the Institute for Industrial Technical Services account to carry out this section as follows:

(i)

For each of the fiscal years 2015 through 2019, an amount not to exceed $5,000,000.

(ii)

For each of fiscal years 2020 through 2030, such amounts as may be necessary to carry out this section.

; and

(2)

in subparagraph (B), by striking through 2024 and inserting through 2019.

(e)

National Program Office

Subsection (f) of such section is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (2)—

(A)

in subparagraph (B)—

(i)

by inserting coordinate with and, as appropriate, before enter; and

(ii)

by inserting including the Department of Agriculture, the Department of Defense, the Department of Education, the Department of Energy, the Department of Labor, the Food and Drug Administration, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Institutes of Health, and the National Science Foundation, after manufacturing,;

(B)

in subparagraph (E), by striking ; and and inserting a semicolon;

(C)

by redesignating subparagraph (F) as subparagraph (J); and

(D)

by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following:

(F)

to carry out pilot programs in collaboration with the centers for manufacturing innovation such as a laboratory-embedded entrepreneurship program;

(G)

to provide support services and funding as necessary to promote workforce development activities;

(H)

to coordinate with centers for manufacturing innovation to develop best practices for the membership agreements and coordination of similar project solicitations;

(I)

to collaborate with the Department of Labor, the Department of Education, industry, career and technical education schools, local community colleges, universities, and labor organizations to provide input for the development of national certifications for advanced manufacturing workforce skills in the technology areas of the centers for manufacturing innovation; and

;

(2)

in paragraph (3), by inserting State, Tribal, and local governments, after community colleges,; and

(3)

in paragraph (5)—

(A)

by striking The Secretary and inserting the following:

(A)

In general

The Secretary

; and

(B)

by adding at the end the following:

(B)

Liaisons

(i)

In general

The Secretary may provide financial assistance to a manufacturing extension center established as part of the Hollings Manufacturing Extension Partnership to support the purposes of the Program by providing services in one or more of the following areas:

(I)

Cybersecurity awareness and support services for small- and medium-sized manufacturers.

(II)

Assistance with workforce development.

(III)

Technology transfer for small and medium-sized manufacturers.

(IV)

Such other areas as the Secretary determines appropriate to support the purposes of the Program.

(ii)

Support

Support under clause (i) may include the designation of a liaison.

.

(f)

Reporting and auditing

Subsection (g) of such section is amended—

(1)

in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking under subsection (d)(1) and inserting under subsection (d)(1)(A);

(2)

in paragraph (2)(A), by striking December 31, 2024 and inserting December 31, 2030; and

(3)

in paragraph (3)—

(A)

in subparagraph (A)—

(i)

by striking 2 years and inserting 3 years; and

(ii)

by striking 2-year and inserting 3-year; and

(B)

in subparagraph (B), by striking December 31, 2024 and inserting December 31, 2030.

(g)

Expansion

Subject to the availability of appropriations, the Secretary of Commerce shall increase the number of centers for manufacturing innovation that participate in the Network for Manufacturing Innovation Program.

3.

Regional innovation program

Section 27 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3722) is amended to read as follows:

27.

Regional innovation program

(a)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Eligible recipient defined

The term eligible recipient means—

(A)

a State;

(B)

an Indian tribe;

(C)

a city or other political subdivision of a State;

(D)

an entity that is a nonprofit organization, an institution of higher education, a public-private partnership, a science or research park, a Federal laboratory, a venture development organization, or an economic development organization or similar entity that is focused primarily on improving science, technology, innovation, or entrepreneurship; or

(E)

a consortium of any of the entities described in subparagraphs (A) through (D).

(2)

Regional innovation initiative

The term regional innovation initiative means a geographically-bounded public or nonprofit activity or program to address issues in the local innovation systems in order to—

(A)

increase the success of innovation-driven industry;

(B)

strengthen the competitiveness of industry through new product innovation and new technology adoption;

(C)

improve the pace of market readiness and overall commercialization of innovative research;

(D)

enhance the overall innovation capacity and long-term resilience of the region; and

(E)

leverage the region’s unique competitive strengths to stimulate innovation and to create jobs.

(3)

State

The term State means one of the several States of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or any other territory or possession of the United States.

(4)

Venture development organization

The term venture development organization means a State or nonprofit organization that contributes to regional or sector-based economic prosperity by providing services for the purposes of—

(A)

accelerating the commercialization of research;

(B)

strengthening the competitive position of industry through the development, commercial adoption, or deployment of technology; and

(C)

providing financial grants, loans, or direct financial investment to commercialize technology.

(b)

Establishment

The Secretary shall establish a regional innovation program to encourage and support the development of regional innovation strategies designed to increase innovation-driven economic opportunity within their respective regions.

(c)

Regional innovation grants

(1)

Authorization of grants

As part of the program established pursuant to subsection (b), the Secretary may award grants, on a competitive basis, to eligible recipients for activities designed to develop and support a regional innovation initiative.

(2)

Permissible activities

A grant awarded under this subsection shall be used for multiple activities determined appropriate by the Secretary, including—

(A)

improving the connectedness and strategic orientation of the region through planning, technical assistance, and communication among participants of a regional innovation initiative;

(B)

attracting additional participants to a regional innovation initiative;

(C)

increasing the availability and investment of private and philanthropic financing that supports innovation-based business ventures;

(D)

completing the research, development and introduction of new products, processes, and services into the commercial market;

(E)

increasing the number of full-time equivalent employment opportunities within innovation-based business ventures in the geographic region; and

(F)

achieving quantifiable, positive benefits to, or measurable enhancements for, the economic performance of the geographic region.

(3)

Restricted activities

Grants awarded under this subsection may not be used to pay for—

(A)

costs related to the recruitment, inducement, or associated financial or tangible incentives that might be offered to relocate an existing business from a geographic area to another geographic area; or

(B)

costs associated with offsetting revenues forgone by one or more taxing authorities through tax incentives, tax increment financing, special improvement districts, tax abatements for private development within designated zones or geographic areas, or other reduction in revenues resulting from tax credits affecting the geographic region of the eligible recipients.

(4)

Applications

(A)

In general

An eligible recipient shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such information and assurances as the Secretary may require.

(B)

Components

Each application submitted under subparagraph (A) shall—

(i)

describe the regional innovation initiative;

(ii)

indicate whether the regional innovation initiative is supported by the private sector, State and local governments, and other relevant stakeholders;

(iii)

identify what activities the regional innovation initiative will undertake;

(iv)

describe the expected outcomes of the regional innovation initiative and how the eligible recipient will measure progress toward those outcomes;

(v)

indicate whether the participants in the regional innovation initiative have access to, or contribute to, a well-trained workforce and other innovation assets that are critical to the successful outcomes specified in the application;

(vi)

indicate whether the participants in the regional innovation initiative are capable of attracting additional funds from non-Federal sources; and

(vii)

if appropriate for the activities proposed in the application, analyze the likelihood that the participants in the regional innovation initiative will be able to sustain activities after grant funds received under this subsection have been expended.

(C)

Feedback

The Secretary shall provide feedback to program applicants that are not awarded grants to help them improve future applications.

(D)

Special considerations

The Secretary shall give special consideration to—

(i)

applications proposing to include workforce or training related activities in their regional innovation initiative from eligible recipients who agree to collaborate with local workforce investment area boards; and

(ii)

applications from regions that contain communities negatively impacted by trade.

(5)

Cost share

The Secretary may not provide more than 50 percent of the total cost of any activity funded under this subsection.

(6)

Outreach to rural communities

(A)

In general

The Secretary shall conduct outreach to public and private sector entities in rural communities to encourage those entities to participate in regional innovation initiatives under this subsection.

(B)

Justification

As part of the program established pursuant to subsection (b), not less frequently than once each year for the duration of the program as authorized, the Secretary, acting through the Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Economic Development, shall submit to Congress an annual report that explains the balance in the allocation of grants to eligible recipients under this subsection between rural and urban areas.

(7)

Funding

The Secretary may accept funds from other Federal agencies to support grants and activities under this subsection.

(d)

Regional innovation research and information program

(1)

In general

As part of the program established pursuant to subsection (b), the Secretary shall establish a regional innovation research and information program—

(A)

to gather, analyze, and disseminate information on best practices for regional innovation initiatives, including information relating to how innovation, productivity, and economic development can be maximized through such strategies;

(B)

to provide technical assistance, including through the development of technical assistance guides, for the development and implementation of regional innovation initiatives;

(C)

to support the development of relevant metrics and measurement standards to evaluate regional innovation initiatives, including the extent to which such strategies stimulate innovation, productivity, and economic development; and

(D)

to collect and make available data on regional innovation initiatives in the United States, including data on—

(i)

the size, specialization, and competitiveness of regional innovation initiatives;

(ii)

the regional domestic product contribution, total jobs and earnings by key occupations, establishment size, nature of specialization, patents, Federal research and development spending, and other relevant information for regional innovation initiatives; and

(iii)

supply chain product and service flows within and between regional innovation initiatives.

(2)

Research grants

The Secretary may award research grants on a competitive basis to support and further the goals of the program established under this section.

(3)

Dissemination of information

Data and analysis compiled by the Secretary under the program established in this subsection shall be made available to other Federal agencies, State and local governments, and nonprofit and for-profit entities.

(4)

Regional innovation grant program

The Secretary shall incorporate data and analysis relating to any grant awarded under subsection (c) into the program established under this subsection.

(e)

Interagency coordination

(1)

In general

To the maximum extent practicable, the Secretary shall ensure that the activities carried out under this section are coordinated with, and do not duplicate the efforts of, other programs at the Department of Commerce or at other Federal agencies.

(2)

Collaboration

(A)

In general

The Secretary shall explore and pursue collaboration with other Federal agencies, including through multi-agency funding opportunities, on regional innovation strategies.

(B)

Small businesses

The Secretary shall ensure that such collaboration with Federal agencies prioritizes the needs and challenges of small businesses.

(f)

Evaluation

(1)

In general

Not later than 5 years after Congress first appropriates funds to carry out this section, the Secretary shall competitively award a contract with an independent entity to conduct an evaluation of programs established under this section.

(2)

Requirements

The evaluation conducted under paragraph (1) shall include—

(A)

an assessment of whether the program is achieving its goals;

(B)

the program’s efficacy in providing awards to geographically diverse entities;

(C)

any recommendations for how the program may be improved; and

(D)

a recommendation as to whether the program should be continued or terminated.

(g)

Reporting requirement

Not later than 5 years after the first grant is awarded under subsection (c), and every 5 years thereafter until 5 years after the last grant recipient completes the regional innovation initiative for which such grant was awarded, the Secretary shall submit a report to Congress that describes the outcome of each regional innovation initiative that was completed during the previous 5 years.

(h)

Funding

From amounts appropriated by Congress for economic development assistance authorized under section 27 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3722), the Secretary may use up to $50,000,000 in each of the fiscal years 2020 through 2024 to carry out this section.

.

November 16, 2020

Reported with an amendment