IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
May 20, 2019
Mr. Boozman (for himself, Mr. Casey, Mr. Daines, and Mr. Tester) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance
To amend title XVIII of the Social Security Act to provide for payment for services of radiologist assistants under the Medicare program, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Medicare Access to Radiology Care Act of 2019.
Medicare payment for radiologist assistant services
Section 1861 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395x) is amended—
in subsection (s)(2)(K)—
by striking the semicolon at the end of clause (ii) and inserting a comma; and
by adding at the end the following new clause:
radiologist assistant services (as defined in subsection (kkk)(1));
by adding at the end the following new subsection:
Radiologist Assistant Services; Radiologist Assistant
The term radiologist assistant services means services—
performed by a radiologist assistant (as defined in paragraph (2)) under the supervision of a radiologist as an employee, leased employee, or independent contractor of the supervising radiologist; and
which the radiologist assistant is legally authorized to perform under State law (or the State regulatory mechanism provided by State law).
The term radiologist assistant means a radiographer who is certified by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists as a registered radiologist assistant or by the Certification Board for Radiology Practitioner Assistants as a radiology practitioner assistant to perform radiologic procedures under the supervision of a radiologist.
Payment in relation to physician fee schedule
Section 1833(a)(1)(O) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1395l(a)(1)(O)) is amended by inserting
, or radiologist assistant services after
or clinic nurse specialists.
Application of fee schedule in hospital, ambulatory surgical center settings
Section 1848(a) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1395w–4(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
Application of fee schedule for radiologist assistant services in hospital, ambulatory surgical center settings
In the case of radiologist assistant services (as defined in section 1861(kkk)(1)) furnished in a facility setting (as defined in subparagraph (B)), payment for such services furnished in such setting shall be made to the supervising radiologist in an amount determined pursuant to section 1833(a)(1)(O).
Facility setting defined
In this paragraph, the term facility setting means—
a hospital or critical access hospital;
an ambulatory surgical center; and
such other providers of services as the Secretary may specify.
Payment to supervising radiologist
The first sentence of section 1842(b)(6) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1395u(b)(6)) is amended—
by inserting before the period at the end the following:
, and (K) in the case of services described in clause (iii) of section 1861(s)(2)(K) (relating to radiologist assistant services), payment shall be made to the supervising radiologist.
Rules of construction
Nothing in this section, or the amendments made by this section, shall be construed as affecting—
coverage of and payment for the technical component (including the technical component of a global fee) with respect to imaging services under title XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395 et seq.) as in effect before the date of the enactment of this Act;
the amount of payment made for physicians’ services under such title when furnished solely by a radiologist; or
the amount of payment made under such title for services furnished by a hospital, critical access hospital, ambulatory surgical center, or any other facility setting specified by the Secretary under section 1848(a)(10)(B)(iii) of the Social Security Act (as added by paragraph (3)), as the case may be.
The amendments made by this section shall apply to services furnished on or after January 1, 2020.