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S. 1641: ECORA Act of 2019

The text of the bill below is as of May 23, 2019 (Introduced).



1st Session

S. 1641


May 23 (legislative day, May 22), 2019

(for himself, Mr. Moran, Mr. Hoeven, and Mr. Cramer) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance


To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to exclude from gross income interest received on certain loans secured by agricultural real property.


Short title

This Act may be cited as the Enhancing Credit Opportunities in Rural America Act of 2019 or as the ECORA Act of 2019.


Exclusion for interest on loans secured by agricultural real property


In general

Part III of subchapter B of chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by inserting after section 139G the following new section:


Interest on loans secured by agricultural real property



Gross income shall not include interest received by a qualified lender on any qualified real estate loan.



For purposes of this section—


Qualified lender

The term qualified lender means any bank or savings association the deposits of which are insured under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1811 et seq.).


Qualified real estate loan

The term qualified real estate loan means any loan secured by agricultural real estate or by a leasehold mortgage (with a status as a lien) on agricultural real estate. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the determination of whether property securing such loan is agricultural real estate shall be made as of the time the interest income on such loan is accrued.


Agricultural real estate

The term agricultural real estate means—


real property which is substantially used for the production of one or more agricultural products, and


any single family residence—


which is the principal residence (within the meaning of section 121) of its occupant,


which is located in a rural area (as determined by the Secretary of Agriculture), which is not within a Metropolitan Statistical Area (as defined by the Office of Management and Budget) and which has a population (determined on the basis of the most recent decennial census for which data are available) of 2,500 or less, and


which is purchased or improved with the proceeds of the qualified real estate loan.


Coordination with section 265

Qualified real estate loans shall be treated as obligations described in section 265(a)(2) the interest on which is wholly exempt from the taxes imposed by this subtitle.



Clerical amendment

The table of sections for such part III is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 139G the following new item:

Sec. 139H. Interest on loans secured by agricultural real property.



Effective date

The amendments made by this section shall apply to taxable years beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act.