IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
May 23 (legislative day, May 22), 2019
Mr. Cornyn (for himself, Mr. Cassidy, Mr. Coons, and Ms. Sinema) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
To require the Secretary of Energy to establish a program for the research, development, and demonstration of commercially viable technologies for the capture of carbon dioxide produced during the generation of natural gas-generated power.
This Act may be cited as the
Launching Energy Advancement and Development through Innovations for Natural Gas Act of 2019.
Natural gas carbon capture research, development, and demonstration program
Subtitle F of title IX of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 16291 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:
Natural gas carbon capture research, development, and demonstration program
In this section:
The term eligible entity means an entity that documents to the satisfaction of the Secretary that—
the entity is financially responsible; and
the entity will provide sufficient information to the Secretary to enable the Secretary to ensure that any funds awarded to the entity are spent efficiently and effectively.
The term natural gas means any fuel consisting in whole or in part of—
liquid petroleum gas;
synthetic gas derived from petroleum or natural gas liquids;
any mixture of natural gas and synthetic gas; or
any product derived directly from natural gas, including hydrogen.
Natural gas-generated power
The term natural gas-generated power means electric energy generated through the use of natural gas.
The term program means the program established under subsection (b)(1).
Qualifying electric generation facility
The term qualifying electric generation facility means a facility that generates electric energy using natural gas as the fuel.
The term qualifying electric generation facility includes—
a traditional natural gas plant;
a simple cycle plant;
a combined cycle plant;
a combined heat and power plant; or
any other facility that uses natural gas as the fuel for generating electric energy.
The term qualifying technology means any commercially viable technology, as determined by the Secretary, for the capture of carbon dioxide produced during the generation of natural gas-generated power.
Establishment of research, development, and demonstration program
The Secretary shall establish a program of research, development, and demonstration of qualifying technologies for use by qualifying electric generation facilities.
The objectives of the program shall be—
to identify opportunities to accelerate the development and commercial applications of qualifying technologies to reduce the quantity of carbon dioxide emissions released from qualifying electric generation facilities;
to enter into cooperative agreements with eligible entities to expedite and carry out demonstration projects (including pilot projects) for qualifying technologies for use by qualifying electric generation facilities to demonstrate the technical feasibility and economic potential of those qualifying technologies for commercial deployment; and
to identify any barriers to the commercial deployment of any qualifying technologies under development.
Participation of National Laboratories, universities, and research facilities
The program may include the participation of—
institutions of higher education;
research facilities; or
other appropriate entities.
In carrying out the program, the Secretary may enter into cooperative agreements with eligible entities to carry out research, development, and demonstration projects for qualifying technologies.
An eligible entity desiring to enter into a cooperative agreement under this paragraph shall submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require.
Carbon capture facilities demonstration program
As part of the program, the Secretary shall establish a demonstration program under which the Secretary shall enter into cooperative agreements with eligible entities for demonstration or pilot projects to license, permit, construct, and operate, by not later than September 30, 2025, three or more facilities to capture carbon dioxide from qualifying electric generation facilities.
Each demonstration or pilot project under the demonstration program shall—
be designed to further the development of qualifying technologies that may be used by a qualifying electric generation facility;
be financed in part by the private sector;
if necessary, secure agreements for the offtake of the majority of the carbon dioxide emissions captured by qualifying technologies during the project; and
support energy production in the United States.
Request for applications
Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall solicit applications for cooperative agreements for projects—
to demonstrate qualifying technologies at three or more qualifying electric generation facilities;
to obtain any license or permit from a State or Federal agency that is necessary for the construction of three or more facilities to capture carbon dioxide from a qualifying electric generation facility; and
to construct and operate three or more facilities to capture carbon dioxide from a qualifying electric generation facility.
Review of applications
In reviewing applications submitted under paragraph (3), the Secretary, to the maximum extent practicable, shall—
ensure a broad geographic distribution of project sites;
ensure that a broad selection of qualifying electric generation facilities are represented;
ensure that a broad selection of qualifying technologies are represented;
require information and knowledge gained by each participant in the demonstration program to be transferred and shared among—
all participants in the demonstration program; and
other interested parties; and
public-private partnerships; and
In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall require cost sharing in accordance with section 988.
The Secretary may vest fee title or other property interests acquired under cooperative agreements entered into under subsection (b)(4) in any entity, including the United States.
Not later than 180 days after the date on which the Secretary solicits applications under subsection (c)(3), and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of jurisdiction of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report that—
with respect to subsections (b) and (c), includes recommendations for any legislative changes needed to improve the implementation of those subsections;
with respect to subsection (b), includes—
a detailed description of how applications for cooperative agreements under paragraph (4) of that subsection will be solicited and evaluated, including—
a list of any activities carried out by the Secretary to solicit or evaluate applications; and
a process for ensuring that any projects carried out under a cooperative agreement are designed to result in the development or demonstration of qualifying technologies;
a detailed list of technical milestones for each qualifying technology pursued under that subsection;
a detailed description of how each project carried out pursuant to a cooperative agreement under paragraph (4) of that subsection will meet the milestones for carbon capture described in the September 2017 report of the Office of Fossil Energy entitled
Accelerating Breakthrough Innovation in Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage; and
an affirmation from the Secretary that all recipients of funding under that subsection are eligible entities; and
with respect to the demonstration program established under subsection (c), includes—
an estimate of the cost of licensing, permitting, constructing, and operating each carbon capture facility expected to be constructed under that demonstration program;
a schedule for—
obtaining any license or permit necessary to construct and operate each carbon capture facility expected to be constructed; and
constructing each facility; and
an estimate of any financial assistance, compensation, or incentives proposed to be paid by the host State, Indian Tribe, or local government with respect to each facility.
For each of fiscal years 2020 through 2025, out of any amounts appropriated to the Department to carry out fossil energy research and development activities and not otherwise obligated, the Secretary may use to carry out this section not more than $50,000,000.
The table of contents for the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Public Law 109–58; 119 Stat. 600) is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 968 the following:
Sec. 969. Natural gas carbon capture research, development, and demonstration program.