IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
June 13, 2019
Mr. Gardner introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance
To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to repeal the excise tax on heavy trucks and trailers, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Modern, Clean, and Safe Trucks Act of 2019.
The Congress finds that—
there is a 12-percent Federal retail excise tax on certain new heavy trucks, tractors, and trailers, coupled with new regulatory mandates, significantly increasing the cost of new heavy-duty trucks, tractors, and trailers, and discouraging the replacement of older, less environmentally clean and less fuel economical vehicles;
this 12-percent Federal retail excise tax is the highest percentage rate of any Federal ad valorem excise tax;
the Federal excise tax was first levied by Congress in 1917 to help finance America’s involvement in World War I;
the 12-percent Federal retail excise tax routinely adds between $12,000 and $22,000 to the cost of a heavy truck, tractor, or trailer;
the average in-use, heavy truck is 9.6 years old, close to the historical all-time high;
the Environmental Protection Agency’s model year 2002–2010 tailpipe emissions rules account for $20,000 of the average price of today’s new heavy-duty trucks;
according to the 2011 Environmental Protection Agency and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Regulatory Impact Analysis entitled
Final Rulemaking to Establish Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards and Fuel Efficiency Standards for Medium and Heavy-Duty Engines and Vehicles, model year 2014–2018 EPA-Department of Transportation fuel economy rules will add up to approximately $6,683 to the price of new heavy-duty trucks;
according to the 2016 Environmental Protection Agency and National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Final Rule entitled
Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Fuel Efficiency Standards for Medium and Heavy-Duty Engines and Vehicles—Phase 2, model year 2021–2027 fuel economy rules will add up to approximately $12,500 to the price of new heavy-duty trucks;
the $39,183 average per truck cost of these regulatory mandates results in an additional $4,700 Federal excise tax, on average; and
since the Federal retail excise tax on certain new heavy trucks, tractors, and trailers is based on annual sales, receipts from the tax deposited in the Highway Trust Fund can vary greatly.
Repeal of excise tax on heavy trucks and trailers
Chapter 31 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by striking subchapter C (and by striking the item relating to such subchapter from the table of subchapters for such chapter).
Section 4072(c) of such Code is amended to read as follows:
Tires of the type used on highway vehicles
For purposes of this part, the term
tires of the type used on highway vehicles means tires of the type used on—
motor vehicles which are highway vehicles, or
vehicles of the type used in connection with motor vehicles which are highway vehicles.
Exception for mobile machinery
Such term shall not include tires of a type used exclusively on mobile machinery.
For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term
mobile machinery means any vehicle which consists of a chassis—
to which there has been permanently mounted (by welding, bolting, riveting, or other means) machinery or equipment to perform a construction, manufacturing, processing, farming, mining, drilling, timbering, or similar operation if the operation of the machinery or equipment is unrelated to transportation on or off the public highways,
which has been specially designed to serve only as a mobile carriage and mount (and a power source, where applicable) for the particular machinery or equipment involved, whether or not such machinery or equipment is in operation, and
which, by reason of such special design, could not, without substantial structural modification, be used as a component of a vehicle designed to perform a function of transporting any load other than that particular machinery or equipment or similar machinery or equipment requiring such a specially designed chassis.
Section 4221 of such Code is amended—
in subsection (a)—
(or under subchapter C of chapter 31 on the first retail sale), and
in subsection (c), by striking
and in the case of any article sold free of tax under section 4053(6),, and
in subsection (d)(1), by striking
, and, in the case of the taxes imposed by subchapter C of chapter 31, includes the retailer with respect to the first retail sale.
Section 4222(d) of such Code is amended by striking
Section 4293 of such Code is amended by striking
Section 4483(g) of such Code is amended by striking
section 4053(8) and inserting
Section 6416(b)(2) of such Code is amended by striking
or under section 4051.
Section 6416(b) of such Code is amended by striking paragraph (6).
Section 9503(b)(1) of such Code is amended by striking subparagraph (B) and by redesignating subparagraphs (C), (D), and (E) as subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D), respectively.
The amendments made by this section shall apply to sales and installations on or after the date of the introduction of this Act.