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S. 1933: Biometric Identification Transnational Migration Alert Program Authorization Act of 2019


The text of the bill below is as of Jun 20, 2019 (Introduced).


II

116th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 1933

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

June 20, 2019

introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs

A BILL

To amend the Homeland Security Act of 2002 to establish the Biometric Identification Transnational Migration Alert Program in the Department of Homeland Security, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Biometric Identification Transnational Migration Alert Program Authorization Act of 2019.

2.

Biometric Identification Transnational Migration Alert Program

(a)

In general

Subtitle D of title IV of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (6 U.S.C. 251 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

447.

Biometric Identification Transnational Migration Alert Program

(a)

Establishment

There is established in the Department a program, which shall be known as the Biometric Identification Transnational Migration Alert Program (referred to in this section as BITMAP) to address and reduce national security, border security, and terrorist threats before such threats reach the international border of the United States.

(b)

Duties

In carrying out BITMAP operations, the Secretary, acting through the Director of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, shall—

(1)

coordinate, in consultation with the Secretary of State, appropriate representatives of foreign governments, and the heads of other Federal agencies, as appropriate, the voluntary sharing of biometric and biographic information collected from foreign nationals to screen such nationals and identify those who may pose a terrorist threat or a threat to national security or border security;

(2)

provide capabilities, including training and equipment, to partner countries to voluntarily collect biometric and biographic identification data from individuals to identify, prevent, detect, and interdict high risk individuals identified as national security, border security, or terrorist threats who may attempt to enter the United States utilizing illicit pathways;

(3)

provide capabilities, including training and equipment, to partner countries to compare foreign data against appropriate United States national security, border security, terrorist, immigration, and counter-terrorism data, including—

(A)

the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Terrorist Screening Database, or successor database;

(B)

the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Next Generation Identification database, or successor database;

(C)

the Department of Defense Automated Biometric Identification System (commonly known as ABIS), or successor database;

(D)

the Department’s Automated Biometric Identification System (commonly known as IDENT), or successor database; and

(E)

any other database, notice, or means that the Secretary designates, in consultation with the heads of other Federal departments and agencies responsible for such database, notice, or means;

(4)

provide partner countries with training, guidance, and best practices recommendations regarding the enrollment of individuals in BITMAP; and

(5)

ensure that biometric and biographic identification data collected pursuant to BITMAP are incorporated into appropriate United States Government databases, in compliance with the policies and procedures established by the Privacy Officer appointed under section 222.

(c)

Collaboration

The Secretary—

(1)

shall ensure that BITMAP operations include participation from relevant components of the Department;

(2)

may request that other Federal agencies participate in BITMAP, as appropriate; and

(3)

notwithstanding any other provision of law, may enter into agreements related to such participation on a reimbursable or nonreimbursable basis, as appropriate.

(d)

Agreements

(1)

In general

Before carrying out BITMAP operations in a foreign country that, as of the date of the enactment of this section, was not a partner country referred to in subsection (b), the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall enter into agreement or arrangement with the government of such country that—

(A)

sets forth program goals for such country;

(B)

includes training, guidance, and best practices recommendations regarding the enrollment of individuals in BITMAP; and

(C)

outlines such operations in such country, including related departmental operations.

(2)

Effect of agreement

A country that enters into an agreement or arrangement under paragraph (1) shall be deemed to be a partner country under subsection (b) for the purpose of such agreement or arrangement.

(e)

Congressional notification

Not later than 60 days before an agreement or arrangement described in subsection (d) enters into force, the Secretary shall submit a copy of such agreement or arrangement to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives with a copy of such agreement or arrangement to establish such operations, which shall identify—

(1)

the foreign country with which the Secretary intends to enter into such an agreement or arrangement;

(2)

the location at which such operations will be conducted;

(3)

the goals for BITMAP operations in the foreign country; and

(4)

the terms and conditions for Department personnel operating at the location referred to in paragraph (2).

(f)

Captured information of United States citizens

The Secretary shall ensure that any biometric and biographic identification data of United States citizens that is captured by BITMAP operations is expunged from all databases to which such data was uploaded, unless such data is retained for specific law enforcement or intelligence purposes.

.

(b)

Report

Not later than 180 days after the date on which the Biometric Identification Transnational Migration Alert Program (referred to in this section as BITMAP) is established under section 447 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as added by subsection (a), and annually thereafter for the following 5 years, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall submit a report to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives that—

(1)

outlines the strategic goals and operational plans for BITMAP;

(2)

outlines key efforts and the progress made with each partner country;

(3)

provides a description of the agreement or arrangement with the government of each partner country, if practicable;

(4)

provides budget information relating to expenditures in support of BITMAP, including the source of funding and anticipated expenditures;

(5)

identifies the Department of Homeland Security personnel, equipment, and infrastructure support that will be used by BITMAP, broken down by country and number;

(6)

includes the number of individuals each partner country enrolled into BITMAP during the reporting period, broken down by key categories, as determined by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement;

(7)

includes the training, guidance, and best practices recommendations provided pursuant to subsection (b)(4) of such section 447;

(8)

includes a review of the redress process for BITMAP; and

(9)

details the effectiveness of BITMAP operations in enhancing national security, border security, and counterterrorism operations.

(c)

Briefings

Not later than 30 days after each report is submitted pursuant to subsection (b), the Secretary of Homeland Security shall provide a briefing to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives regarding—

(1)

individuals enrolled in BITMAP who have been apprehended at the United States border or in the interior of the United States; and

(2)

asylum claims that were submitted by individuals who are enrolled in BITMAP.

(d)

GAO audit

Not later than 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 3 years thereafter, the Comptroller General of the United States shall—

(1)

conduct an audit that analyzes the effectiveness of BITMAP operations; and

(2)

submit a report containing the results of such audit to the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives.

(e)

Sunset

Section 447 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as added by subsection (a), shall be repealed on the date that is 6 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

(f)

Clerical amendment

The table of contents in section 1(b) of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 446 the following:

Sec. 447. Biometric Identification Transnational Migration Alert Program.

.