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S. 1947: College for All Act of 2019

The text of the bill below is as of Jun 24, 2019 (Introduced).


II

116th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 1947

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

June 24, 2019

(for Mr. Sanders) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance

A BILL

To amend the Higher Education Act of 1965 to ensure college for all.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the College for All Act of 2019.

I

Federal-State partnership to eliminate tuition and required fees

101.

Federal-State partnership to eliminate tuition and required fees

The Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

IX

Federal-State partnership to eliminate tuition and required fees

901.

Grant program to eliminate tuition and required fees at public institutions of higher education and tribal colleges and universities

(a)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Award year

The term award year has the meaning given the term in section 481(a).

(2)

Community college

The term community college means—

(A)

a public institution of higher education at which the credential that is predominantly awarded to students is at the sub-baccalaureate level; or

(B)

a public postsecondary vocational institution, as defined under section 102(c).

(3)

Cost of attendance

The term cost of attendance has the meaning given the term in section 472.

(4)

Dual or concurrent enrollment program

The term dual or concurrent enrollment program has the meaning given the term in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

(5)

Early college high school

The term early college high school has the meaning given the term in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.

(6)

Eligible Indian entity

The term eligible Indian entity means the entity responsible for the governance, operation, or control of a Tribal College or University.

(7)

Eligible student

The term eligible student means an individual, regardless of age, who has not obtained a baccalaureate degree or higher degree and is enrolled, or plans to enroll, in a community college or public 4-year institution of higher education in the State in which the individual is a resident or in a Tribal College or University.

(8)

Full-time equivalent eligible students

The term full-time equivalent eligible students, when used with respect to an institution of higher education, has the meaning given the term full-time equivalent students, except that the calculation shall be made based on the number of eligible students enrolled at such institution.

(9)

Full-time equivalent students

The term full-time equivalent students means the sum of the number of students enrolled full time at an institution, plus the full-time equivalent of the number of students enrolled part time (determined on the basis of the quotient of the sum of the credit hours of all part-time students divided by 12) at such institution.

(10)

Institution of higher education

The term institution of higher education has the meaning given the term in section 101.

(11)

Public 4-year institution of higher education

The term public 4-year institution of higher education means an institution of higher education that is not a community college and is operated by a State, subdivision of a State, or government agency within a State and operated wholly or predominately from or through the use of governmental funds or property.

(12)

Tribal College or University

The term Tribal College or University has the meaning given the term in section 316(b)(3) and includes 2-year and 4-year institutions.

(b)

Program authorized

(1)

Grants authorized

From amounts appropriated under subsection (g), the Secretary shall award grants, from allotments under subsection (c), to States and eligible Indian entities having applications approved under subsection (e), to enable the States and eligible Indian entities to eliminate tuition and required fees for all eligible students at community colleges, public 4-year institutions of higher education in the State, or Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity.

(2)

Non-Federal share requirement

(A)

In general

Except as provided in subparagraph (B), each State or eligible Indian entity that receives a grant under this section shall provide a non-Federal share of funds for an award year from non-Federal sources in an amount that is equal to 33 percent of the amount required to eliminate tuition and required fees—

(i)

in the case of a State, at community colleges and public 4-year institutions of higher education in the State for all eligible students for the award year; and

(ii)

in the case of an eligible Indian entity, at Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity for all eligible students for the award year.

(B)

Non-Federal share requirement for certain eligible Indian entities

(i)

In general

In the case of an eligible Indian entity that receives a grant under this section for an award year for which not less than 75 percent of the students enrolled in the Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity are low-income students, such eligible Indian entity shall provide a non-Federal share of funds from non-Federal sources in an amount that is equal to not more than 5 percent of the amount necessary to eliminate tuition and required fees at Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity for the award year.

(ii)

Low-income student

In this subparagraph, the term low-income student has the meaning given such term by the Secretary, except that such term shall not exclude any student eligible for a Federal Pell Grant under section 401.

(iii)

Data

In calculating the number of enrolled students and low-income students for purposes of clause (i), the Secretary shall use—

(I)

for the first award year of the program under this section, the number of students enrolled in award year 2017–2018; and

(II)

for each subsequent award year, the projected student enrollment numbers for the award year for which the allotment is made.

(3)

No in-kind contributions

No in-kind contribution shall count toward the non-Federal share requirement under paragraph (2).

(c)

Determination of allotment

(1)

First award year of program

The Secretary shall allot, to each eligible State or eligible Indian entity that submits an application under this section for a grant under subsection (b)(1) for the first award year of the program under this section, an amount that is equal to 67 percent (or not less than 95 percent in the case of an eligible Indian entity described in subsection (b)(2)(B)) of the total revenue received—

(A)

in the case of a State, from all eligible students at community colleges and at public 4-year institutions of higher education in the State in the form of tuition and required fees for—

(i)

with respect to a State that did not eliminate tuition and required fees as described in subsection (d)(2) for the preceding award year, award year 2017–2018; or

(ii)

with respect to a State that has eliminated tuition and required fees as described in such subsection, the last award year that the State charged tuition and required fees; and

(B)

in the case of an eligible Indian entity, from all eligible students at Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity, in the form of tuition and required fees for—

(i)

with respect to an eligible Indian entity that did not eliminate tuition and required fees as described in subsection (d)(2) for the preceding award year, award year 2017–2018; or

(ii)

with respect to an eligible Indian entity that has eliminated tuition and required fees as described in such subsection, the last award year for which the eligible Indian entity charged tuition and required fees.

(2)

First award year allotment for States and eligible indian entities applying after the first year of the program

(A)

In general

The Secretary shall allot to each eligible State or eligible Indian entity that submits its first application for a grant under subsection (b)(1) for the second or a subsequent year of the program under this section, an amount equal to—

(i)

the product of—

(I)

the allotment the eligible State or eligible Indian entity would have received in the first award year of the program under this section if the State or eligible Indian entity had submitted an application for such year;

(II)

the projected full-time equivalent eligible students figure for all community colleges and public 4-year institutions of higher education of the eligible State, or all Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity, for the award year for which the allotment is made; and

(III)

the amount of additional expenditures per full-time equivalent eligible student by the eligible State or eligible Indian entity that will be necessary to eliminate tuition and required fees for each such student for the award year for which the allotment is made; divided by

(ii)

the product of—

(I)

the full-time equivalent eligible students figure for all community colleges and public 4-year institutions of higher education of the eligible State, or all Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity, for the first award year of the program for which the eligible State or eligible Indian entity was eligible to submit an application under this section; and

(II)

the amount of expenditures per full-time equivalent eligible student by the eligible State or eligible Indian entity that would have been necessary to eliminate tuition and required fees for each such student for the first award year of the program for which the eligible State or eligible Indian entity was eligible to submit an application under this section.

(B)

Projected enrollment

If the projected full-time equivalent eligible students figure of the State or eligible Indian entity under subparagraph (A) is more than 25 percent larger than the full-time equivalent eligible students figure for the preceding year, the Secretary may challenge such enrollment projection and offer an alternative enrollment projection which shall be used in the formula under subparagraph (A) for determining the allotment.

(3)

Subsequent award years

(A)

In general

The Secretary shall allot to an eligible State or eligible Indian entity submitting an application for a grant under subsection (b)(1) for a second or subsequent year after receiving a grant under paragraph (1) or (2), an amount equal to—

(i)

the product of—

(I)

the allotment received for the first award year for which the eligible State or eligible Indian entity submitted an application;

(II)

the projected full-time equivalent eligible students figure for all community colleges and public 4-year institutions of higher education of the eligible State, or all Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity, for the award year for which the allotment is made; and

(III)

the amount of additional expenditures per full-time equivalent eligible student by the eligible State or eligible Indian entity that will be necessary to eliminate tuition and required fees for each such student for the award year for which the allotment is made; divided by

(ii)

the product of—

(I)

the full-time equivalent eligible student figure for all community colleges and public 4-year institutions of higher education of the eligible State, or all Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity, for the first award year that the State or eligible Indian entity participates under paragraph (1) or (2), as the case may be; and

(II)

the amount of expenditures per full-time equivalent eligible student by the eligible State or eligible Indian entity that was necessary to eliminate tuition and required fees for each such student for the first award year that the State or eligible Indian entity participates under paragraph (1) or (2), as the case may be.

(B)

Projected enrollment

If the projected full-time equivalent eligible students figure of the State or eligible Indian entity under subparagraph (A) is more than 25 percent larger than the full-time equivalent eligible students figure for the preceding year, the Secretary may challenge such enrollment projection and offer an alternative enrollment projection which shall be used in the formula under subparagraph (A) for determining the allotment.

(4)

Actual enrollment figures

(A)

In general

By not later than November 1 of the second award year for which a State or eligible Indian entity receives an allotment under this section, and each succeeding November 1, such State or eligible Indian entity shall report to the Secretary its actual full-time equivalent eligible students figure for the preceding award year.

(B)

Adjustments

If the actual full-time equivalent eligible students figure for the preceding award year reported under subparagraph (A)—

(i)

exceeds the projected enrollment that was used for determining the allotment for the preceding award year, notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the allotment for the award year in which the November 1 date falls for the State or eligible Indian entity shall be increased to reflect such actual enrollment, which figure shall be increased by the State Gross Domestic Product Price Index, or the Gross Domestic Product Price Index of the State in which the eligible Indian entity operates; or

(ii)

is below the projected enrollment that was used for determining the allotment for the preceding award year, notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the allotment for the award year in which the November 1 date falls for the State or eligible Indian entity shall be decreased to reflect such actual enrollment, which figure shall be increased by the average interest rate on 5-year United States Treasury securities issued during the preceding award year.

(5)

Additional funds

If a State or eligible Indian entity provides additional funds toward reducing the cost of attendance and improving instruction at institutions of higher education beyond the cost of eliminating tuition and required fees as described in subsection (d)(2) for any award year that is more than the non-Federal share requirement under subsection (b)(2) and the maintenance of expenditures requirement under paragraphs (3) and (4) of subsection (d), the Secretary shall provide to the State or eligible Indian entity an amount equal to such additional funding provided by the State or eligible Indian entity, which amount provided by the Secretary may be used for the activities described in subsection (f)(2).

(d)

State and eligible Indian entity eligibility requirements

In order to be eligible to receive an allotment under this section for an award year, a State or eligible Indian entity shall comply with the following:

(1)

Ensure that public institutions of higher education in the State or Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity maintain expenditures on instruction per full-time equivalent student at levels that are equal to or exceed the expenditures on instruction per full-time equivalent student for award year 2017–2018.

(2)

Ensure that tuition and required fees are eliminated—

(A)

in the case of a State, for eligible students at all community colleges and in all public 4-year institutions of higher education in the State; or

(B)

in the case of an eligible Indian entity, for eligible students in all Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity.

(3)

Maintain State operating expenditures per full-time equivalent student for public institutions of higher education in the State, or operating expenditures per full-time equivalent student for Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity, excluding the amount of funds provided under this section, at a level that is equal to or exceeds the level of such support for award year 2017–2018.

(4)

Maintain State expenditures on need-based financial aid programs for enrollment in public institutions of higher education in the State or expenditures on need-based financial aid programs for enrollment in Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity at a level that is equal to or exceeds the level of such support for award year 2017–2018.

(5)

Ensure public institutions of higher education in the State or Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity maintain funding for institutional need-based student financial aid in an amount that is equal to or exceeds the level of such support for award year 2017–2018.

(6)

Provide an assurance that not later than 5 years after the first award year for which the grant is awarded, not less than 75 percent of instruction at public institutions of higher education in the State or Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity is provided by tenured or tenure-track faculty.

(7)

Require that public institutions of higher education in the State or Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity provide, for each student enrolled at the institution who receives the maximum Federal Pell Grant award under subpart 1 of part A of title IV, institutional student financial aid (excluding student loans) in an amount equal to 100 percent of the difference between—

(A)

the cost of attendance at such institution; and

(B)

the sum of—

(i)

the amount of the maximum Federal Pell Grant award; and

(ii)

the student's expected family contribution.

(8)

Ensure that public institutions of higher education in the State or Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity not adopt policies to reduce enrollment.

(9)

Provide an assurance that public institutions of higher education in the State or Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity will not charge out-of-State students an amount that exceeds the marginal cost of attending institutions of higher education in the State or Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity.

(10)

Provide an assurance that public institutions of higher education in the State or Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity that charge non-eligible in-State students tuition and required fees, will not charge such students a rate that exceeds the rate for the last year that tuition and required fees were charged to eligible students, increased by the percentage change for subsequent years in the expenditures per full-time equivalent eligible student by the State or eligible entity that is necessary to continue to eliminate tuition and required fees for eligible students.

(e)

Submission and contents of application

For each award year for which a State or eligible Indian entity desires a grant under this section, an application shall be submitted to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require. Such application shall be submitted by—

(1)

in the case of a State, the State agency with jurisdiction over higher education or another agency designated by the Governor or chief executive of the State to administer the program under this section; and

(2)

in the case of an eligible Indian entity, the eligible Indian entity or a Tribal College or University of the eligible Indian entity.

(f)

Use of funds

(1)

In general

A State or eligible Indian entity that receives a grant under this section shall use the grant funds and the non-Federal share funds required under this section—

(A)

in the case of a State, to eliminate tuition and required fees for all eligible students at community colleges and public 4-year institutions of higher education in the State; and

(B)

in the case of an eligible Indian entity, to eliminate tuition and required fees for all eligible students at Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity.

(2)

Additional funding

Once tuition and required fees have been eliminated pursuant to paragraph (1), a State or eligible Indian entity that receives a grant under this section shall use any remaining grant funds and non-Federal share funds required under this section to reduce the cost of attendance and increase the quality of instruction and student support services at public institutions of higher education in the State or at Tribal Colleges and Universities of the eligible Indian entity by carrying out any of the following:

(A)

Providing additional non-loan aid to students, which may include need-based student financial aid, to reduce or eliminate the cost of attendance for a public institution of higher education or a Tribal College or University beyond eliminating tuition and required fees.

(B)

Expanding academic course offerings and high-quality occupational skills training programs to students.

(C)

Increasing the number and percentage of full-time instructional faculty, including full-time tenure and tenure-track instructional faculty.

(D)

Providing all faculty with professional supports to help students succeed, such as professional development opportunities, office space, and shared governance in the institution.

(E)

Compensating adjunct and part-time faculty for work done inside and outside of the classroom relating to instruction, such as holding office hours.

(F)

Strengthening and ensuring all students have access to student support services such as academic advising, counseling, and tutoring.

(G)

Expanding access to dual or concurrent enrollment programs and early college high school programs.

(H)

Any other additional activities that improve instructional quality and academic outcomes for students as approved by the Secretary through a peer review process.

(3)

Prohibition

A State or eligible Indian entity that receives a grant under this section may not use grant funds or non-Federal share funds required under this section—

(A)

for the construction of a nonacademic facility, such as an athletic facility or stadium;

(B)

for merit-based student financial aid;

(C)

for need-based student financial aid (except to the extent funds available under subsection (c)(5) are used to carry out paragraph (2)(A));

(D)

to pay the salaries or benefits of school administrators;

(E)

for capital outlays or deferred maintenance; or

(F)

for expenditures on athletics other than activities open to all members of the campus community.

(g)

Authorization of appropriations

(1)

In general

There are authorized to be appropriated, and there are appropriated, to carry out this section—

(A)

such sums as may be necessary for the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2019;

(B)

$48,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2020; and

(C)

such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2021 through 2029.

(2)

Availability of funds

Funds made available pursuant to paragraph (1)(A) shall be available for obligation from October 1, 2019, to September 30, 2020. Funds made available pursuant to subparagraph (B) or (C) of paragraph (1) shall be available for obligation through September 30 of the fiscal year succeeding the fiscal year for which such sums were appropriated.

902.

Grant program for private historically black colleges and universities and private minority-serving institutions

(a)

Definitions

Except as otherwise provided, in this section:

(1)

Community college

The term community college has the meaning given the term in section 901.

(2)

Eligible institution

(A)

In general

Except as provided in subparagraph (D), the term eligible institution means a private, nonprofit 2-year institution or 4-year institution that—

(i)

is—

(I)

a part B institution (as defined in section 322);

(II)

a Hispanic-serving institution (as defined in section 502);

(III)

a Tribal College or University (as defined in section 316) whose entity responsible for the governance, operation, or control of the College or University has not received a grant under section 901;

(IV)

an Alaska Native-serving institution or a Native Hawaiian-serving institution (as defined in section 317(b));

(V)

a Predominantly Black institution (as defined in section 371(c));

(VI)

an Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving institution (as defined in section 371(c)); or

(VII)

a Native American-serving nontribal institution (as defined in section 371(c));

(ii)

has a student body of which not less than 35 percent are low-income students;

(iii)

ensures that tuition and required fees for eligible students enrolled in the institution are eliminated or significantly reduced during any period for which the institution receives a grant under this section;

(iv)

maintains expenditures on instruction per a full-time equivalent eligible student at levels that meet or exceed the expenditures on instruction per a full-time equivalent eligible student for award year 2017–2018;

(v)

will invest institutional funds and seek additional funding to reduce or eliminate tuition and required fees for all students;

(vi)

maintains expenditures on need-based financial aid programs for students enrolled at the institution at a level that meets or exceeds the level of such support for award year 2017–2018;

(vii)

provides an assurance that the institution will increase the amount of instruction provided by tenured or tenure-track faculty; and

(viii)

does not adopt policies to reduce enrollment.

(B)

2-year institution

The term 2-year institution means an institution at which the credential that is predominantly awarded to students is at the sub-baccalaureate level.

(C)

4-year institution

The term 4-year institution means an institution that is not a 2-year institution.

(D)

Exception

(i)

In general

An eligible institution as described in subparagraph (A) shall not be an eligible institution for purposes of this section for the period described in clause (ii) if such institution was a for-profit institution at any time that converted to a nonprofit institution.

(ii)

Period of ineligibility

An institution described under clause (i) shall not be an eligible institution for purposes of this section for a period of 25 years from the date the institution converted from a for-profit institution to a nonprofit institution or 25 years after the date of enactment of this Act, whichever period is longer.

(3)

Eligible student

The term eligible student means a low-income student enrolled in an eligible institution who has not obtained a baccalaureate degree or a higher degree.

(4)

Full-time equivalent eligible students

The term full-time equivalent eligible students means the sum of the number of eligible students projected to enroll full time at an institution for an award year, plus the full-time equivalent of the number of eligible students projected to be enrolled part time (determined on the basis of the quotient of the sum of the credit hours of all part-time eligible students divided by 12) at such institution, for such award year.

(5)

Low-income student

The term low-income student has the meaning given such term by the Secretary, except that such term shall not exclude any student eligible for a Federal Pell Grant under section 401.

(6)

Public 4-year institution of higher education

The term public 4-year institution of higher education has the meaning given the term in section 901.

(b)

Authorization of grant program

(1)

In general

From amounts appropriated under subsection (e), the Secretary shall award grants, from allotments under paragraph (2), to eligible institutions having applications approved under subsection (c), to enable the eligible institutions to eliminate or significantly reduce tuition and required fees for eligible students.

(2)

Allotments

Subject to paragraph (3), the Secretary shall allot, for each award year, to each eligible institution having an application approved under subsection (c), an amount that is equal to the product of—

(A)

tuition and required fees for eligible students at the eligible institution for the award year, and

(B)

the number of full-time equivalent eligible students projected to enroll in the eligible institution for the award year.

(3)

Limitations

(A)

Limitations on institutional allotments

In making allotments under paragraph (2) for an award year, the Secretary shall not award an allotment that is—

(i)

with respect to an eligible institution that operates in a State that has eliminated tuition and required fees as described in section 901(d)(2) for the preceding award year, more than the amount equal to the product of—

(I)

the number of projected full-time equivalent eligible students for the award year; and

(II)

the expenditures per full-time equivalent eligible student, including the Federal allotment and non-Federal share, under section 901 for the preceding award year for the State (or, in the case of a State that did not receive a grant under such section for the preceding award year, the amount needed to eliminate tuition and required fees for full-time equivalent eligible students in the State, calculated in the same manner as such amount is calculated under section 901(c) for the preceding award year for the State), at—

(aa)

if the eligible institution is a 2-year institution, community colleges in the State in which the institution operates; or

(bb)

if the eligible institution is a 4-year institution, public 4-year institutions of higher education in the State in which the institution operates; and

(ii)

with respect to an eligible institution that operates in a State that has not eliminated tuition and required fees as described in section 901(d)(2) for the preceding award year, more than the amount equal to the product of—

(I)

the number of projected full-time equivalent eligible students for the award year; and

(II)

the average tuition and required fees for the preceding award year at—

(aa)

if the eligible institution is a 2-year institution, public 2-year institutions of higher education in the State in which the institution operates; or

(bb)

if the eligible institution is a 4-year institution, public 4-year institutions of higher education in the State in which the institution operates.

(B)

Limitations on tuition hikes

(i)

First award year

For the first award year for which an eligible institution applies for a grant under this section, such eligible institution shall not increase tuition and required fees at a rate that is greater than any annual increase in tuition and required fees at the eligible institution for the 5 years preceding such first award year.

(ii)

Succeeding award years

(I)

In general

For each award year after the first award year for which an eligible institution receives a grant under this section, such eligible institution shall not increase tuition and required fees for eligible students from the preceding award year at a rate that is greater than the percentage increase in the Employment Cost Index for the award year for which the grant is received, as compared to the Employment Cost Index for the award year preceding the award year for which the grant is received.

(II)

Employment cost index

In this subparagraph, the term Employment Cost Index, when used with respect to an award year, means the Employment Cost Index for total compensation for private industry workers by bargaining status and census region and division (not seasonally adjusted) of the division in which the eligible entity is located, as provided by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor, that is provided for the December that immediately precedes the start of the award year.

(4)

Actual enrollment figures

(A)

In general

By not later than November 1 of the second award year for which an eligible institution receives a grant under this section, such eligible institution shall report to the Secretary its actual full-time equivalent eligible students figure for the preceding award year.

(B)

Adjustments

If the actual full-time equivalent eligible students figure for the preceding award year reported under subparagraph (A)—

(i)

exceeds the projected enrollment that was used for determining the allotment under paragraph (2)(B) for the preceding award year, notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the allotment for the award year in which the November 1 date falls for the eligible institution shall be increased to reflect such actual enrollment, which figure shall be increased by the Gross Domestic Product Price Index of the State in which the eligible institution operates; or

(ii)

is below the projected enrollment that was used for determining the allotment under paragraph (2)(B) for the preceding award year, notwithstanding any other provision of this Act, the allotment for the award year in which the November 1 date falls for the eligible institution shall be decreased to reflect such actual enrollment, which figure shall be increased by the average interest rate on 5-year United States Treasury securities issued during the preceding award year.

(c)

Application

An eligible institution that desires to receive a grant under this section shall submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require.

(d)

Prohibition

An eligible institution that receives a grant under this section may not use grant funds under this section—

(1)

for the construction of a nonacademic facility, such as an athletic facility or stadium;

(2)

for merit-based or need-based student financial aid;

(3)

to pay the salaries or benefits of school administrators;

(4)

for capital outlays or deferred maintenance; or

(5)

for expenditures on athletics other than activities open to all members of the campus community.

(e)

Authorization of appropriations

(1)

In general

There are authorized to be appropriated, and there are appropriated, to carry out this section—

(A)

such sums as may be necessary for the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2019;

(B)

$1,340,000,000 for fiscal year 2020; and

(C)

such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2021 through 2029.

(2)

Availability of funds

Funds made available pursuant to paragraph (1)(A) shall be available for obligation from October 1, 2019, to September 30, 2020. Funds made available pursuant to subparagraph (B) or (C) of paragraph (1) shall be available for obligation through September 30 of the fiscal year succeeding the fiscal year for which such sums were appropriated.

.

102.

Increasing success for low-income and first generation students

(a)

Authorization of appropriations for federal TRIO programs

Section 402A(g) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070a–11(g)) is amended by inserting after the first sentence the following: For the purpose of making grants and contracts under this chapter, there are authorized to be appropriated $1,260,000,000 for fiscal year 2020, $1,440,000,000 for fiscal year 2021, $1,620,000,000 for fiscal year 2022, $1,800,000,000 for fiscal year 2023, $2,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2024, and such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2024 through 2028..

(b)

Authorization of appropriations for GEAR UP programs

Section 404H of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070a–28) is amended by striking $400,000,000 and all that follows through the period and inserting $410,000,000 for fiscal year 2020, $419,000,000 for fiscal year 2021, $427,000,000 for fiscal year 2022, $436,000,000 for fiscal year 2023, and $445,000,000 for fiscal year 2024..

II

Expansion of work study to meet the needs of today’s students

201.

Authorization of Appropriations

Section 441(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087–51(b)) is amended to read as follows:

(b)

Authorization of appropriations

There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part—

(1)

$1,500,000,000 for fiscal year 2020;

(2)

$2,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2021;

(3)

$2,500,000,000 for fiscal year 2022;

(4)

$3,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2023;

(5)

$3,500,000,000 for fiscal year 2024; and

(6)

such sums as may be necessary for each of fiscal years 2025–2028.

.

202.

Reform of the work study formula

Section 442 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087–52) is amended—

(1)

by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:

(a)

Revision to the Federal work study allocation

The Secretary shall allocate funds under this section solely on the basis of the self-help need determination described under subsection (c).

;

(2)

in subsection (c)—

(A)

in paragraph (2), by striking To determine the self-help need of an institution's eligible undergraduate students, and inserting Until such time as the Secretary establishes a revised method to determine the self-help need of an institution's eligible undergraduate students, in accordance with paragraph (5),;

(B)

in paragraph (3), by striking To determine the self-help need of an institution's eligible graduate and professional students, and inserting Until such time as the Secretary establishes a revised method to determine the self-help need of an institution's eligible graduate and professional students, in accordance with paragraph (5),; and

(C)

by adding at the end the following:

(5)

Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of the College for All Act of 2019, the Secretary shall establish revised methods for determining the self-help need of an institution's eligible undergraduate students, as described in paragraph (2), and eligible graduate and professional students, as described in paragraph (3), that shall take into account the number of Federal Pell Grant eligible low-income and moderate-income students that an eligible institution serves and provide considerations for eligible institutions that successfully demonstrate improved employment outcomes. The Secretary shall promulgate any regulations necessary to carry out the revised methods of determining an eligible institution's self-help need under this subsection.

; and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(f)

Funds To expand job location development programs

Notwithstanding any other provision of this part, to promote career readiness and improve the employment skills of Federal Pell Grant-eligible students, the Secretary is authorized to enter into agreements with eligible institutions under which such institution may use not more than 20 percent or $150,000 of its allotment under this section, whichever amount is less, to expand job location development programs, which may be coordinated with State and local workforce development boards.

.

III

Student loan relief for millions of borrowers

301.

Restoration of certain interest rate provisions

Section 455(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087e(b)) is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (8)—

(A)

in the heading, by striking ON OR AFTER JULY 1, 2013 and inserting ON OR AFTER JULY 1, 2013, AND BEFORE JULY 1, 2019; and

(B)

by striking on or after July 1, 2013 and inserting on or after July 1, 2013, and before July 1, 2019 each place the term appears;

(2)

by redesignating paragraphs (9) and (10) as paragraphs (10) and (11), respectively; and

(3)

by inserting after paragraph (8) the following:

(9)

Interest rate provisions for new loans on or after July 1, 2019

(A)

Rates for undergraduate FDSL and FDUSL and graduate and professional FDUSL

Notwithstanding the preceding paragraphs of this subsection, for Federal Direct Stafford Loans and Federal Direct Unsubsidized Stafford Loans issued to undergraduate students and graduate and professional students, for which the first disbursement is made on or after July 1, 2019, the applicable rate of interest shall, during any 12-month period beginning on July 1 and ending on June 30, be equal to not more than 1.88 percent.

(B)

In school and grace period rules for undergraduates and graduate and professional students

Notwithstanding the preceding paragraphs of this subsection, with respect to any Federal Direct Stafford Loan or Federal Direct Unsubsidized Stafford Loan issued to an undergraduate student or a graduate or professional student for which the first disbursement is made on or after July 1, 2019, the applicable rate of interest for interest which accrues—

(i)

prior to the beginning of the repayment period of the loan; or

(ii)

during the period in which principal need not be paid (whether or not such principal is in fact paid) by reason of a provision described in subsection (f),

shall be equal to not more than 1.88 percent.
(C)

PLUS loans

Notwithstanding the preceding paragraphs of this subsection, with respect to Federal Direct PLUS Loan for which the first disbursement is made on or after July 1, 2019, the applicable rate of interest shall be equal to not more than 1.88 percent.

(D)

Consolidation loans

Notwithstanding the preceding paragraphs of this subsection, any Federal Direct Consolidation loan for which the application is received on or after July 1, 2019, shall bear interest at an annual rate on the unpaid principal balance of the loan that is equal to not more than 1.88 percent.

.

IV

Student Debt Cancellation

401.

Short title

This title may be cited as the Student Debt Cancellation Act of 2019.

402.

Forgiveness of outstanding Federal student loans

(a)

Forgiveness required

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this title, the Secretary of Education shall forgive the outstanding balance of interest and principal due on all eligible Federal student loans.

(b)

Definition of eligible Federal student loan

In this title, the term eligible Federal student loan means any loan made, insured, or guaranteed under part B, part D, or part E of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1071 et seq., 1087a et seq., 1087aa et seq.) before the date of enactment of this title, including—

(1)

loans made to a parent borrower on behalf of a dependent student under part B or part D of such Act;

(2)

consolidation loans made under such Act; and

(3)

any grant treated as a loan under such part D in accordance with section 258(e), section 420M(c), or section 807(d) of such Act.

(c)

Method of loan forgiveness

To provide the loan forgiveness required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Education is authorized to carry out a program—

(1)

through the holder of a loan, to assume the obligation to repay the outstanding balance of interest and principal due on loans made, insured, or guaranteed under part B of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1071 et seq.); and

(2)

to cancel the outstanding balance of interest and principal due on loans made under part D or part E of such title.

(d)

Repayment refunds

(1)

Prior repayment

Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize any refunding of any eligible Federal student loan repayment made before the date of enactment of this title.

(2)

Payments made after enactment

The Secretary shall refund to each borrower who receives forgiveness under this section the amount of any payments the borrower makes on an eligible Federal student loan during the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this title and ending on the date on which the Secretary forgives the outstanding balance of such eligible Federal student loan.

(e)

Exclusion from taxable income

The amount of a borrower's eligible Federal student loans forgiven under this section, and the amount of any repayments to a borrower under subsection (d)(2), shall not be included in the gross income of the borrower for purposes of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

403.

Purchase and forgiveness of outstanding private student loans

(a)

In general

Part D of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1087a et seq.) is amended by inserting after section 459B the following:

459C.

Temporary authority to purchase and forgive eligible private student loans

(a)

Private education loan purchase and forgiveness

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of the Student Debt Cancellation Act of 2019, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, shall carry out a program under which the Secretary shall purchase, and then forgive, the outstanding balance of interest and principal due on eligible private student loans.

(b)

Definitions

In this section:

(1)

Eligible private student loan

In this section, the term eligible private student loan means a private education loan, as defined in section 140(a) of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1650(a)), that was expressly for the cost of attendance (as defined in section 472) at an institution of higher education participating in a loan program under this part or part B or E, as of the date that the loan was disbursed, and that was made before the date of enactment of the Student Debt Cancellation Act of 2019.

(2)

Private educational lender

The term private educational lender has the meaning given the term in section 140(a) of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1650(a)).

(c)

Method of loan purchase and forgiveness

The Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of the Treasury, shall carry out a program under which the Secretary, upon application by a borrower who has an eligible private student loan, shall purchase the eligible private student loans of the borrower, issue such borrower a loan under this section, and forgive such loan, in accordance with the following:

(1)

The Secretary shall pay to the private educational lender of the eligible private student loan an amount equal to the sum of the unpaid principal, accrued unpaid interest, and late charges of the eligible private student loan, as calculated on the date of the purchase of such loan, in order to discharge the borrower from any remaining obligation to the private educational lender with respect to the eligible private student loan.

(2)

The Secretary shall issue to the borrower a loan, known as a Federal Direct Forgiveness Loan, in an amount equal to the sum of the amount paid to the private educational lender of the eligible private student loan of the borrower that was purchased by the Secretary in accordance with paragraph (1).

(3)

The Secretary shall, immediately upon issuance of a Federal Direct Forgiveness Loan, cancel the outstanding balance of interest and principal due on such loan.

(d)

Repayment refunds prohibited

Nothing in this section shall be construed to authorize any refunding of any repayment of a loan.

(e)

Exclusion from taxable income

The amount of a borrower’s Federal Direct Forgiveness Loans forgiven under this section shall not be included in the gross income of the borrower for purposes of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.

.

(b)

Notice to borrowers

Section 128(e) of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1638(e)) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(12)

Notice required along with billing statements

Along with each billing statement sent to the borrower during the six-month period beginning on the day after the date of enactment of the Student Debt Cancellation Act of 2019, the private educational lender shall include a statement informing the borrower that—

(A)

the borrower may be eligible for loan forgiveness of eligible private student loans under section 459C of the Higher Education Act of 1965; and

(B)

to be eligible for such loan forgiveness, the borrower must apply to the Secretary of Education no later than the date that is 180 days after the date of enactment of the Student Debt Cancellation Act of 2019.

.

404.

Notice to the public

Not later than 15 days after the date of enactment of this title, the Secretary of Education, in consultation with institutions of higher education and lenders of Federal student loans and private education loans, shall take such actions as may be necessary to ensure that borrowers who have outstanding eligible Federal student loans or outstanding eligible private student loans (as defined in section 459C of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as added by this title) are aware of the loan forgiveness programs authorized by this title. Such information shall—

(1)

be presented in a form that is widely available to the public, especially to borrowers with outstanding Federal and private student loans;

(2)

be easily understandable; and

(3)

clearly notify borrowers of eligible private student loans—

(A)

that borrowers must apply for loan forgiveness under this title, and must do so no later than the date that is 180 days after the date of enactment of this title; and

(B)

of the application process and requirements to apply for forgiveness of eligible private student loans in accordance with this title.

V

Snyder Act

501.

Rule of construction regarding the Snyder Act

Nothing in this Act, or an amendment made by this Act, shall be construed to change or abrogate the Federal Government’s responsibilities under the Act of November 2, 1921 (commonly known as the Snyder Act) (25 U.S.C. 13).