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S. 1980 (116th): LGBTQ Data Inclusion Act

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About the bill

Should the federal government’s decennial census ask respondents about their gender identity or sexual orientation?


Federal population studies most famously include the U.S. Census, which goes to all Americans every 10 years, but also includes surveys such as the American Community Survey (ACS) which samples about 3 million people annually.

The Census and ACS currently feature questions about a person’s sex, race, ethnicity, and age — but not their sexual orientation or gender identity.

In 2016, during the final year of the Obama Administration, four federal agencies asked the Census Bureau to include such questions for the upcoming 2020 Census: the Department of Justice, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Department of Health and Human Services, and the Environmental Protection Agency.

The idea was that having a better sense …

Sponsor and status

Tammy Baldwin

Sponsor. Junior Senator for Wisconsin. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Jun 26, 2019
Length: 4 pages
Jun 26, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on June 26, 2019, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


18 Cosponsors (18 Democrats)



Jun 26, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

S. 1980 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 1980. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 1980 — 116th Congress: LGBTQ Data Inclusion Act.” 2019. January 19, 2022 <>

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