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S. 2017: Federal Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation Act of 2019

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About the bill

Should female genital mutilation be illegal under federal law? It had been until last December.


A 1996 law criminalized female genital mutilation for any girl under age 18. Two exceptions had been granted under the law: genital mutilation done out of medical necessity, and if a girl is in labor or has just given birth.

But in December 2018, Michigan federal judge Bernard Friedman ruled the law unconstitutional, saying Congress did not have the power to make such a national law and it was the proper domain of states. The case came after a Livonia, Michigan physician named Dr. Jumana Nagarwala performed female genital mutilation in violation of the 1996 law.

President Trump’s Solicitor General Noel Francisco, essentially the person responsible for arguing the federal government’s position ...

Sponsor and status

Marsha Blackburn

Sponsor. Junior Senator for Tennessee. Republican.

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Last Updated: Jun 27, 2019
Length: 4 pages
Jun 27, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)

Introduced on Jun 27, 2019

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on June 27, 2019. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

3% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Jun 27, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed Senate

Passed House

Signed by the President

S. 2017 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 2017. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 2017 — 116th Congress: Federal Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation Act of 2019.” 2019. December 4, 2020 <>

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