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S. 2220: Open and Responsive Government Act of 2019

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About the bill

Should a June Supreme Court decision which permits less governmental transparency be overturned by Congress?


The South Dakota newspaper _The Argus Leader _was writing an investigative article about the federal food stamp program, so they filed a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request. As part of the request, in 2011 they asked the U.S. Department of Agriculture for the names and addresses of all stores which participate in the food stamp program.

But the department refused to comply, citing one of the nine exemptions to the Freedom of Information Act. Specifically they cited exemption #4, which prohibits “trade secrets and commercial or financial information” from being revealed. The newspaper, believing that the exemption didn’t apply, sued. Although both the district and appeals courts ruled in favor of ...

Sponsor and status

Charles “Chuck” Grassley

Sponsor. Senior Senator for Iowa. Republican.

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Last Updated: Jul 23, 2019
Length: 3 pages
Jul 23, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)

Introduced on Jul 23, 2019

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on July 23, 2019. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

4% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)

Position statements

What legislators are saying

Feinstein, Grassley, Leahy, Cornyn Introduce Bill to Reinforce Transparency in Wake of Supreme Court FOIA Decision and Recent Regulations
    — Sen. Dianne Feinstein [D-CA] (Co-sponsor) on Jul 24, 2019

Grassley, Leahy, Cornyn And Feinstein Introduce Bipartisan Bill To Reinforce Transparency In Wake Of The Supreme Court’s FOIA Decision And Recent Regulations
    — Sen. Patrick Leahy [D-VT] (Co-sponsor) on Jul 24, 2019

Johnson: Economic Growth Outweighs Negatives
    — Sen. Ron Johnson [R-WI] on Dec 18, 2015

More statements at ProPublica Represent...


Jul 23, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed Senate

Passed House

Signed by the President

S. 2220 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 2220. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 2220 — 116th Congress: Open and Responsive Government Act of 2019.” 2019. September 24, 2020 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.