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S. 2269 (116th): SWAMP Act

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About the bill

Should more federal departments and agencies be situated outside the nation’s capital?


Since 1947, federal law has required all agencies and departments be located in or around Washington, D.C.

But that may be changing slightly under the Trump Administration. The Agriculture Department announced in June that it would relocate two agencies to Kansas City, while the Interior Department announced in July that it would relocate one of its agencies to Colorado.

What the bill does

The SWAMP Act, or Strategic Withdrawal of Agencies for Meaningful Placement Act, would repeal the federal law requiring executive branch agencies be located in or around the nation’s capital. Presumably, it’s a play on the President’s 2016 campaign pledge to “drain the swamp”.

In an effort to encourage the ...

Sponsor and status

Joni Ernst

Sponsor. Senator for Iowa. Republican.

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Last Updated: Jul 25, 2019
Length: 6 pages
Jul 25, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on July 25, 2019, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.



Jul 25, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

S. 2269 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 2269. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not enacted by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 2269 — 116th Congress: SWAMP Act.” 2019. January 16, 2021 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.