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S. 2314 (116th): SMART Act

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About the bill

Should the most compulsive and habit-forming features on websites and social media platforms be curbed?


The average American now spends 10 and a half hours daily, or well more than half their day, staring at a screen. This has been sharply increasing in recent years, and with technology like televisions having previously existed for decades, the main culprits are likely websites, smartphones, and social media which are programmed using psychological principles developed to keep gamblers gambling.

“Growing evidence indicates that social media and gambling exploit the same psychological mechanisms to keep us coming back,” writes Laurie Clark for Tech World. “It turns out what drives us to refresh our feeds and to pull the lever of a slot machine are surprisingly similar.”

Certain daily tech behaviors are …

Sponsor and status

Joshua “Josh” Hawley

Sponsor. Junior Senator for Missouri. Republican.

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Last Updated: Jul 30, 2019
Length: 14 pages
Jul 30, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on July 30, 2019, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).



Jul 30, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

S. 2314 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 2314. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 2314 — 116th Congress: SMART Act.” 2019. January 17, 2022 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.