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S. 2362: American Business Tariff Relief Act of 2019


The text of the bill below is as of Jul 31, 2019 (Introduced).


II

116th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 2362

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

July 31, 2019

introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance

A BILL

To establish a process for United States businesses to obtain exclusions from certain duties imposed under section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974 and section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962, and for other purposes.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the American Business Tariff Relief Act of 2019.

2.

Exclusion process for certain duties imposed under section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974

(a)

In general

Title III of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2411 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

311.

Exclusion process

(a)

In general

Not later than the first date after the date of the enactment of this section on which the United States Trade Representative announces the imposition of additional duties under section 301, the Trade Representative shall establish a process under which United States businesses may request the exclusion of articles from duties imposed under that section.

(b)

Requirements

A United States business that seeks the exclusion of an article from duties imposed under section 301 shall submit to the Trade Representative information demonstrating that—

(1)

the article is not available from any source other than a source that is subject to the duties; or

(2)

the imposition of such duties on the article would cause economic harm to a United States interest.

(c)

Determinations

Not later than 30 days after receiving a request submitted under subsection (b) for the exclusion of an article from duties imposed under section 301, the Trade Representative shall—

(1)

make a determination with respect to whether or not to grant the exclusion; and

(2)

if the Trade Representative determines not to grant the exclusion, provide to the United States business that requested the exclusion a rationale for denying the exclusion.

(d)

Administration of requests

The Trade Representative shall—

(1)

establish a component within the Office of the United States Trade Representative to be responsible for reviewing requests for the exclusion of articles from duties imposed under section 301; and

(2)

ensure the continued operation of that component until all duties imposed under that section terminate.

(e)

Reports required

Not later than 90 days after establishing the process required by subsection (a), and every 90 days thereafter, the Trade Representative shall submit to the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives a report that includes detailed information about requests made pursuant to the process during the preceding 90-day period and determinations made under subsection (c) with respect to those requests.

(f)

United States business defined

In this section, the term United States business means an entity—

(1)

organized under the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States; and

(2)

that employs workers in the United States.

.

(b)

Clerical amendment

The table of contents for the Trade Act of 1974 is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 310 the following:

Sec. 311. Exclusion process.

.

3.

Exclusion process for certain duties imposed under section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962

Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 (19 U.S.C. 1862) is amended by adding at the end the following:

(g)

Exclusion process

(1)

In general

Not later than the first date after the date of the enactment of this subsection on which the President announces the imposition of additional duties under subsection (c), the Secretary shall establish a process under which United States businesses may request the exclusion of articles from duties imposed under that section.

(2)

Requirements

A United States business that seeks the exclusion of an article from duties imposed under subsection (c) shall submit to the Secretary information demonstrating that—

(A)

the article is not available from any source other than a source that is subject to the duties; or

(B)

the imposition of such duties on the article would cause economic harm to a United States interest.

(3)

Determinations

Not later than 30 days after receiving a request submitted under paragraph (2) for the exclusion of an article from duties imposed under subsection (c), the Secretary shall—

(A)

make a determination with respect to whether or not to grant the exclusion; and

(B)

if the Secretary determines not to grant the exclusion, provide to the United States business that requested the exclusion a rationale for denying the exclusion.

(4)

Administration of requests

The Secretary shall—

(A)

establish a component within the Department of Commerce to be responsible for reviewing requests for the exclusion of articles from duties imposed under subsection (c); and

(B)

ensure the continued operation of that component until all duties imposed under that subsection terminate.

(5)

Reports required

Not later than 90 days after establishing the process required by paragraph (1), and every 90 days thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Finance of the Senate and the Committee on Ways and Means of the House of Representatives a report that includes detailed information about requests made pursuant to that process during the preceding 90-day period and determinations made under paragraph (3) with respect to those requests.

(6)

United States business defined

In this subsection, the term United States business means an entity—

(A)

organized under the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States; and

(B)

that employs workers in the United States.

.