IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
September 9, 2019
Mr. Whitehouse (for himself and Mr. Alexander) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
To control the export of electronic waste in order to ensure that such waste does not become the source of counterfeit goods that may reenter military and civilian electronics supply chains in the United States, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Secure E-Waste Export and Recycling Act.
Export controls on electronic waste
In this section:
Counterfeit military good
The term counterfeit military good means a counterfeit good that—
is falsely identified or labeled as meeting military specifications; or
is intended for use in a military, intelligence, or national security application.
The term counterfeit good means any good on which, or in connection with which, a counterfeit mark is used.
The term counterfeit mark has the meaning given that term in section 2320 of title 18, United States Code.
The term electronic waste means any of the following used items containing electronic components, or fragments thereof, including parts or subcomponents of such items:
Computers and related equipment.
Data center equipment (including servers, network equipment, firewalls, battery backup systems, and power distribution units).
Mobile computers (including notebooks, netbooks, tablets, and e-book readers).
Televisions (including portable televisions and portable DVD players).
Video display devices (including monitors, digital picture frames, and portable video devices).
Digital imaging devices (including printers, copiers, facsimile machines, image scanners, and multifunction machines).
including digital cameras, projectors, digital audio players, cellular phones and wireless internet communication devices, audio equipment, video cassette recorders, DVD players, video game systems (including portable systems), video game controllers, signal converter boxes, and cable and satellite receivers; and
not including appliances that have electronic features.
Portable global positioning system navigation devices.
Other used electronic items that the Secretary determines to be necessary to carry out this section.
The term electronic waste does not include—
exempted electronic waste items;
electronic parts of a motor vehicle; or
electronic components, or items containing electronic components, that are exported or reexported to an entity under the owernship or control of the person exporting or reexporting the components or items, with the intent that the components or items be used for the purpose for which the components or items were used in the United States.
Exempted electronic waste items
The term exempted electronic waste items means the following:
Tested, working used electronics.
Low-risk counterfeit electronics.
Export administration regulations
The term Export Administration Regulations means the regulations set forth in subchapter C of chapter VII of title 15, Code of Federal Regulations, or successor regulations.
The terms export and reexport have the meanings given those terms in section 1742 of the Export Control Reform Act of 2018 (50 U.S.C. 4801).
The term feedstock means any raw material constituting the principal input for an industrial process.
Low-risk counterfeit electronics
The term low-risk counterfeit electronics means any electronic components or items that—
have been subjected to destruction processes that render the items unusable for their original purpose; and
are exported as a feedstock, with no additional mechanical or hand separation required, in a reclamation process to render the electronic components or items recycled consistent with the laws of the foreign country performing the reclamation process.
The term person means an individual or entity.
The term recalled electronics means any electronic items that—
because of a defect in the design or manufacture of the items—
are subject to a recall notice issued by the Consumer Product Safety Commission or other pertinent Federal authority and have been received by the manufacturer or its agent and repaired by the manufacturer or its agent to cure the defect; or
have been recalled by the manufacturer as a condition of the validity of the warranty on the items and have been repaired by the manufacturer or its agent to cure the defect; and
are exported by the manufacturer of the items.
The term Secretary means the Secretary of Commerce.
Tested, working used electronics
The term tested, working used electronics means any used electronic items that—
are determined, through testing methodologies established by the Secretary, to be—
fully functional for the purpose for which the items were designed; or
in the case of multifunction devices, fully functional for at least one of the primary purposes for which the items were designed;
are exported with the intent to reuse the products as functional products; and
are appropriately packaged for shipment to prevent the items from losing functionality as a result of damage during shipment.
The term used, with respect to an item, means the item has been operated or employed.
Except as provided in subsections (c) and (d), no person may export or reexport electronic waste or exempted electronic waste items.
Export prohibition exemptions
A person may export or reexport exempted electronic waste items if the following requirements are met:
The person is listed on a publicly available registry maintained by the Secretary of persons authorized to export or reexport exempted electronic waste.
The exempted electronic waste items are being exported or reexported for reclamation, recall, or reuse.
Filing of export information
For each export transaction, the person files in the Automated Export System, in accordance with part 758 of the Export Administration Regulations (or any corresponding similar regulation or ruling), electronic export information that contains, at a minimum, the following information:
A description of the type and total quantity of exempted electronic waste items exported.
The name of each country that will receive the exempted electronic waste items for reuse, recall, or recycling.
The name of the ultimate consignee that will receive the exempted electronic waste items for reclamation, recall, or reuse; and
documentation and a declaration that such consignee has the necessary permits, resources, and competence to manage the exempted electronic waste items as reusable products or recyclable feedstock and prevent the release of such items as counterfeit goods or counterfeit military goods.
Compliance with existing laws
The export or reexport of the exempted electronic waste items otherwise complies with applicable international agreements to which the United States is a party and with other trade and export control laws of the United States.
Export declarations and requirements
The exempted electronic waste items are accompanied by—
documentation of the registration of the exporter required under paragraph (1);
a declaration signed by an officer or designated representative of the exporter asserting that the exempted electronic waste items meet the applicable requirements for exempted electronic waste items under this section;
a description of the contents and condition of the exempted electronic waste items in the shipment;
for tested, working used electronics, a description of the testing methodologies and test results for each item;
the name of the ultimate consignee and declaration of the consignee’s applicable permits, resources, and competence to process or use the items as intended; and
with respect to low-risk counterfeit electronics only and when required by the country to which the electronics are being exported or reexported, the written consent of the competent authority of the country to allow the entry of the electronics into the country.
Exception for personal use
The Secretary may provide for an exception to the requirements of this section, subject to such recordkeeping requirements as the Secretary may impose, for the export or reexport of 5 or fewer items that are or contain electronic components intended for personal use.
Penalties for violations
Any person who violates this section or the regulations issued under subsection (f)(2) shall be subject to the same penalties as those that apply to any person violating any other provision of the Export Administration Regulations.
Subject to paragraph (2), this section shall take effect upon the expiration of the 1-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.
Modification of EAR
The Secretary shall, not later than the effective date under paragraph (1), ensure that the Export Administration Regulations are modified to carry out this section.