IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
September 26, 2019
Ms. Ernst (for herself, Mr. Cotton, Mr. Daines, Mr. Lankford, Mr. Braun, Mr. Hawley, Mr. Cramer, Mrs. Blackburn, Mr. Sasse, and Mr. Scott of South Carolina) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance
To amend title XIX of the Social Security Act and Public Health Service Act to improve the reporting of abortion data to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Ensuring Accurate and Complete Abortion Data Reporting Act of 2019.
Congress finds the following:
Reporting abortion data has been voluntary in the past, which has not resulted in complete data being submitted to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
While the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention requests specific data points from each State and the District of Columbia, there is a great variety in the information collected and published by the States.
In fact, there is not a single abortion data point publicly reported for all fifty States and the District of Columbia.
Even more alarming, three States that together account for 15 percent of the United States population of women of childbearing age do not report any abortion data to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Accurate statistical data regarding abortion and those who survive abortion attempts is critical to public health and policy analysis.
Medicaid payments for certain family planning services and supplies contingent on submission of abortion data to CDC
Section 1903 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1396b) is amended—
in subsection (a)(5), by inserting before
an amount equal to the following:
subject to subsection (bb),; and
by adding at the end the following new subsection:
Annual reports on abortion data
Subject to paragraph (2), as a condition of receiving payment under subsection (a)(5) with respect to any amount expended during a year (beginning with the year following two years after the date of the enactment of this subsection) for family planning services and supplies described in section 1905(a)(4)(C) furnished to an individual described in section 1902(ii) or an individual whose medical assistance under this title is limited to such services and supplies furnished pursuant to a waiver granted under section 1115, each State shall, by not later than December 31 of the previous year, submit to the abortion surveillance system of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, with respect to the year before the previous year, at least abortion data regarding the mandatory questions described in section 317U(a)(3)(A) of the Public Health Service Act.
Late submission of reports
With respect to a year, in the case of a State that does not submit by December 31 of the previous year the abortion data required under paragraph (1) with respect to the year before the previous year but submits such data by December 31 of the year, such State shall continue to receive payment, including retroactive payment, under subsection (a)(5) with respect to any amount expended during the year for family planning services and supplies described in section 1905(a)(4)(C) furnished to an individual described in such paragraph.
Certification of abortion data
With respect to each submission of abortion data under this subsection, a State shall certify to the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention that such data is accurate.
In the case that the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention determines that a State has knowingly provided false information with respect to a submission of abortion data under this subsection, such State may not receive payment under subsection (a)(5) with respect to any amount expended during the first full fiscal year following such determination for family planning services and supplies described in section 1905(a)(4)(C) furnished to an individual described in paragraph (1).
Collection of abortion data by CDC
The Public Health Service Act is amended by inserting after section 317T of such Act (42 U.S.C. 247b–22) the following:
The Secretary, acting through the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shall—
maintain a surveillance system to collect aggregate data in a standardized format on abortions in the United States;
as part of such system, create a standard worksheet to collect data from States on abortions in the respective States, which—
shall, at a minimum, include questions on the variables listed in subsection (b), to be treated as mandatory questions for purposes of section 1903(bb) of the Social Security Act; and
may include such additional questions on abortion as the Secretary determines to be appropriate, to be treated as voluntary questions; and
as part of such system, allow for cross-tabulation of the variables listed in subsection (b), including cross-tabulation of maternal age by gestational age; race and ethnicity by gestational age; type of abortion procedure by gestational age; race and ethnicity by maternal age; and race and ethnicity by marital status; and
periodically update the questions in the worksheet under paragraph (2), including the classification of such questions as mandatory or voluntary.
The variables listed in this subsection are the following:
Maternal age in years.
Gestational age in completed weeks at the time of abortion.
Maternal race by ethnicity.
The abortion method type.
Maternal marital status.
Previous pregnancies of the mother, including the number of previous live births, the number of previous induced abortions, and the number of previous spontaneous abortions.
Maternal residence (limited to county and State).
Whether the child survived the abortion.
The Secretary shall provide technical assistance to States to facilitate and improve the reporting of data to the system under subsection (a).
The Secretary shall—
issue an annual report on abortion, which shall include the data collected pursuant to this section; and
publish such report not later than December 30 of the third calendar year following the calendar year covered by the report.