IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
November 5, 2019
Ms. Murkowski (for herself, Mr. Wicker, and Mr. Sullivan) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
To establish a Federal advisory committee to provide policy recommendations to the Secretary of Transportation on positioning the United States to take advantage of emerging opportunities for Arctic maritime transportation.
This Act may be cited as the
Arctic Shipping Federal Advisory Committee Act.
The purpose of this Act is to establish a Federal advisory committee to provide policy recommendations to the Secretary of Transportation on positioning the United States to take advantage of emerging opportunities for Arctic maritime transportation.
In this Act:
The term Advisory Committee means the Arctic Shipping Federal Advisory Committee established under section 4(a).
The term Arctic has the meaning given the term in section 112 of the Arctic Research and Policy Act of 1984 (15 U.S.C. 4111).
Arctic Sea Routes
The term Arctic Sea Routes means the international Northern Sea Route, the Transpolar Sea Route, and the Northwest Passage.
Establishment of the Arctic Shipping Federal Advisory Committee
The Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense acting through the Secretary of the Army, and the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating, shall establish an Arctic Shipping Federal Advisory Committee in the Department of Transportation to advise the Secretary of Transportation on matters related to Arctic maritime transportation, including Arctic seaway development.
The Advisory Committee shall be composed of 15 members as described in paragraph (2).
The members of the Advisory Committee shall be—
1 individual appointed and designated by the Secretary of Transportation to serve as the Chairperson of the Advisory Committee;
1 designee of the Secretary of Commerce;
1 designee of the Secretary of State;
1 designee of the Secretary of Transportation;
1 designee of the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating;
1 designee of the Department of Defense;
1 designee from the State of Alaska, nominated by the Governor of Alaska and designated by the Secretary of Transportation;
1 designee from the State of Washington, nominated by the Governor of Washington and designated by the Secretary of Transportation;
1 Alaska Native Tribal member;
1 individual representing Alaska Native subsistence co-management groups affected by Arctic maritime transportation;
1 individual representing coastal communities affected by Arctic shipping;
1 individual representing the shipping industry;
1 individual representing the marine safety community;
1 individual representing the Arctic business community; and
1 individual representing Alaskan maritime labor organizations.
Each member of the Advisory Committee described in subparagraphs (G) through (O) of paragraph (2) shall serve for a 2-year term and shall not be eligible for more than 2 consecutive term reappointments.
Any vacancy in the membership of the Advisory Committee shall not affect its responsibilities, but shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment.
The Advisory Committee shall carry out all of the following functions:
Develop a set of policy recommendations that would enhance the leadership role played by the United States in improving the safety and reliability of Arctic maritime transportation in accordance with customary international maritime law, which shall include options for establishing a United States entity that could perform the following functions in accordance with customary international maritime law:
Construction, operation, and maintenance of current and future maritime infrastructure necessary for vessels transiting the Arctic Sea Routes, including new deepwater ports.
Provision of services that would improve Arctic maritime safety and environmental protection, including for navigation and incident response for vessels transiting the Arctic Sea Routes.
Establishment of rules of measurement for vessels and cargo for the purposes of levying voluntary rates of charges or fees for services.
As an option under paragraph (1), consider establishing a congressionally chartered seaway development corporation modeled on the St. Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation, and—
develop recommendations for establishing such a corporation and a detailed implementation plan for establishing such an entity; or
if the Advisory Committee decides against establishing such a corporation, provide a written explanation as to the rationale for the decision and develop an alternative.
Provide advice and recommendations to the Secretary of Transportation as requested on Arctic marine transportation, including seaway development.
Report to Congress
Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Advisory Committee shall submit a report with its recommendations under paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 4(c) to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives.
Termination of the Advisory Committee
Not later than 8 years after the submission of the report described in section 5, the Secretary of Transportation shall dissolve the Advisory Committee.
If a Special Representative for the Arctic Region is appointed by the Secretary of State, the duties of that Representative shall include—
coordination of any activities recommended by the implementation plan submitted by the Advisory Committee and approved by the Secretary of Transportation; and
facilitation of multilateral dialogues with member and observer nations of the Arctic Council to encourage cooperation on Arctic maritime transportation.