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S. 2894 (116th): Federal Maritime Commission National Shipper Advisory Committee Act of 2019


The text of the bill below is as of Nov 19, 2019 (Introduced).


II

116th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 2894

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

November 19, 2019

introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

A BILL

To establish a National Shipper Advisory Committee.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Federal Maritime Commission National Shipper Advisory Committee Act of 2019 .

2.

Advisory Committee

Part B of subtitle IV of title 46, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:

424

National Shipper Advisory Committee

Sec.

42401. National Shipper Advisory Committee.

42402. Administration.

42401.

Definitions

In this chapter:

(1)

Commission

The term Commission means the Federal Maritime Commission.

(2)

Committee

The term Committee means the National Shipper Advisory Committee established by section 42402.

42402.

National Shipper Advisory Committee

(a)

Establishment

There is established a National Shipper Advisory Committee.

(b)

Function

The Committee shall advise the Federal Maritime Commission on policies relating to the competitiveness, reliability, integrity, and fairness of the international ocean freight delivery system.

(c)

Membership

(1)

In general

The Committee shall consist of 24 members appointed by the Commission in accordance with this section.

(2)

Expertise

Each member of the Committee shall have particular expertise, knowledge, and experience in matters relating to the function of the Committee.

(3)

Representation

Members of the Committee shall be appointed as follows:

(A)

Twelve members shall represent entities who import cargo to the United States using ocean common carriers.

(B)

Twelve members shall represent entities who export cargo from the United States using ocean common carriers.

42403.

Administration

(a)

Meetings

The Committee shall, not less than once each year, meet at the call of the Commission or a majority of the members of the Committee.

(b)

Employee status

A member of the Committee shall not be considered an employee of the Federal Government by reason of service on such Committee, except for the purposes of the following:

(1)

Chapter 81 of title 5.

(2)

Chapter 171 of title 28 and any other Federal law relating to tort liability.

(c)

Acceptance of volunteer services

Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a member of the Committee may serve on such committee on a voluntary basis without pay.

(d)

Status of members

(1)

In general

Except as provided in paragraph (2), with respect to a member of the Committee whom the Commission appoints to represent an entity or group—

(A)

the member is authorized to represent the interests of the applicable entity or group; and

(B)

requirements under Federal law that would interfere with such representation and that apply to a special Government employee (as defined in section 202(a) of title 18), including requirements relating to employee conduct, political activities, ethics, conflicts of interest, and corruption, do not apply to the member.

(2)

Exception

Notwithstanding subsection (b), a member of the Committee shall be treated as a special Government employee for purposes of the committee service of the member if the member, without regard to service on the committee, is a special Government employee.

(e)

Service on committee

(1)

Solicitation of nominations

Before appointing an individual as a member of the Committee, the Commission shall publish a timely notice in the Federal Register soliciting nominations for membership on such Committee.

(2)

Appointments

(A)

In general

After considering nominations received pursuant to a notice published under paragraph (1), the Commission may appoint a member to the Committee.

(B)

Prohibition

The Commission shall not seek, consider, or otherwise use information concerning the political affiliation of a nominee in making an appointment to the Committee.

(3)

Service at pleasure of the Commission

Each member of the Committee shall serve at the pleasure of the Commission.

(4)

Security background examinations

The Commission may require an individual to have passed an appropriate security background examination before appointment to the Committee.

(5)

Prohibition

A Federal employee may not be appointed as a member of the Committee.

(6)

Terms

(A)

In general

The term of each member of the Committee shall expire on December 31 of the third full year after the effective date of the appointment.

(B)

Continued service after term

When the term of a member of the Committee ends, the member, for a period not to exceed 1 year, may continue to serve as a member until a successor is appointed.

(7)

Vacancies

A vacancy on the Committee shall be filled in the same manner as the original appointment.

(8)

Special rule for reappointments

Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2), the Commission may reappoint a member of a committee for any term, other than the first term of the member, without soliciting, receiving, or considering nominations for such appointment.

(f)

Staff services

The Commission shall furnish to the Committee any staff and services considered by the Commission to be necessary for the conduct of the Committee’s functions.

(g)

Chair; Vice Chair

(1)

In general

The Committee shall elect a Chair and Vice Chair from among the committee’s members.

(2)

Vice Chairman acting as Chairman

The Vice Chair shall act as Chair in the absence or incapacity of, or in the event of a vacancy in the office of, the Chair.

(h)

Subcommittees and working groups

(1)

In general

The Chair of the Committee may establish and disestablish subcommittees and working groups for any purpose consistent with the function of the Committee.

(2)

Participants

Subject to conditions imposed by the Chair, members of the Committee may be assigned to subcommittees and working groups established under paragraph (1).

(i)

Consultation, advice, reports, and recommendations

(1)

Consultation

Before taking any significant action, the Commission shall consult with, and consider the information, advice, and recommendations of, the Committee if the function of the Committee is to advise the Commission on matters related to the significant action.

(2)

Advice, reports, and recommendations

The Committee shall submit, in writing, to the Commission its advice, reports, and recommendations, in a form and at a frequency determined appropriate by the Committee.

(3)

Explanation of actions taken

Not later than 60 days after the date on which the Commission receives recommendations from the Committee under paragraph (2), the Commission shall—

(A)

publish the recommendations on a public website; and

(B)

respond, in writing, to the Committee regarding the recommendations, including by providing an explanation of actions taken regarding the recommendations.

(4)

Submission to Congress

The Commission shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate the advice, reports, and recommendations received from the Committee under paragraph (2).

(j)

Observers

The Commission may designate a representative to—

(1)

attend any meeting of the Committee; and

(2)

participate as an observer at such meeting.

(k)

Termination

The Committee shall terminate on September 30, 2029.

.