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S. 3167 (116th): CROWN Act of 2019

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About the bill

It’s illegal to discriminate explicitly based on race, but what about based on hairstyles frequently associated with racial minorities?


According to a study of 1,000 black and 1,000 white women, black women’s hair is 3.4 times as likely to be perceived as “unprofessional” versus white women’s hair. Black women were also 50% more likely than white women to have been sent home from their workplace because of their hair.

(That study was sponsored in part by Dove, a company which has publicly supported the CROWN Act.)

In June 2019, California became the first state to ban “hair discrimation.” New York followed suit as the second state a month later, in July 2019.

Is a national ban next?

What the legislation does

The CROWN Act would ban discrimination based …

Sponsor and status

Cory Booker

Sponsor. Senator for New Jersey. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Jan 8, 2020
Length: 11 pages
Jan 8, 2020
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on January 8, 2020, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.

Although this bill was not enacted, its provisions could have become law by being included in another bill. It is common for legislative text to be introduced concurrently in multiple bills (called companion bills), re-introduced in subsequent sessions of Congress in new bills, or added to larger bills (sometimes called omnibus bills).


20 Cosponsors (19 Democrats, 1 Independent)



Jan 8, 2020

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

S. 3167 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 3167. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 3167 — 116th Congress: CROWN Act of 2019.” 2020. February 3, 2023 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.