IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
February 7, 2019
Mr. Paul (for himself, Mr. Rubio, Mr. Cruz, and Mr. Lee) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Environment and Public Works
To amend the Federal Water Pollution Control Act to clarify the definition of navigable waters, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Defense of Environment and Property Act of 2019.
Section 502 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1362) is amended by striking paragraph (7) and inserting the following:
The term navigable waters means the waters of the United States, including the territorial seas, that are—
permanent, standing, or continuously flowing bodies of water that form geographical features commonly known as streams, oceans, rivers, and lakes that are connected to waters that are navigable-in-fact.
The term navigable waters does not include (including by regulation)—
do not physically abut waters described in subparagraph (A); and
lack a continuous surface water connection to navigable waters;
man-made or natural structures or channels—
through which water flows intermittently or ephemerally; or
that periodically provide drainage for rainfall; or
wetlands without a continuous surface connection to bodies of water that are waters of the United States.
Jurisdiction of EPA and Corps of Engineers
Title V of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1361 et seq.) is amended—
by redesignating section 519 as section 520; and
by inserting after section 518 the following:
Jurisdiction of the Administrator and Secretary of the Army
EPA and Corps activities
An activity carried out by the Administrator or the Corps of Engineers shall not, without explicit State authorization, impinge upon the traditional and primary power of States over land and water use.
Aggregation of wetlands or waters not described in clauses (i) through (iii) of section 502(7)(B) shall not be used to determine or assert Federal jurisdiction.
Wetlands described in section 502(7)(B)(iii) shall not be considered to be under Federal jurisdiction.
If a jurisdictional determination by the Administrator or the Secretary of the Army would affect the ability of a State or individual property owner to plan the development and use (including restoration, preservation, and enhancement) of land and water resources, the State or individual property owner may obtain expedited judicial review not later than 30 days after the date on which the determination is made in a district court of the United States, of appropriate jurisdiction and venue, that is located within the State seeking the review.
Treatment of ground water
Ground water shall—
be considered to be State water; and
not be considered in determining or asserting Federal jurisdiction over isolated or other waters, including intermittent or ephemeral water bodies.
Prohibition on use of nexus test
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Administrator may not use a significant nexus test (as used by the Administrator in the final rule described in section 3(a)(2) of the Defense of Environment and Property Act of 2019) to determine Federal jurisdiction over navigable waters and waters of the United States.
Nothing in this section or the amendments made by this section affects or alters any exemption under—
section 402(l) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1342(l)); or
section 404(f) of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1344(f)).
Applicability of agency regulations and guidance
The following regulations and guidance shall have no force or effect:
The final rule of the Corps of Engineers entitled
Final Rule for Regulatory Programs of the Corps of Engineers (51 Fed. Reg. 41206 (November 13, 1986)).
The final rule issued by the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency and the Secretary of the Army entitled
Clean Water Rule: Definition of (80 Fed. Reg. 37054 (June 29, 2015)).
Waters of the United States
The guidance document entitled
Clean Water Act Jurisdiction Following the U.S. Supreme Court’s Decision in and dated December 2, 2008 (relating to the definition of waters under the jurisdiction of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.)).
Rapanos v. United States &
Carabell v. United States
Any subsequent regulation of or guidance issued by any Federal agency that defines or interprets the terms navigable waters or waters of the United States.
The Secretary of the Army, acting through the Chief of Engineers, and the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency shall not promulgate any rules or issue any guidance that expands or interprets the definition of navigable waters unless expressly authorized by Congress.
State regulation of water
Nothing in this Act or the amendments made by this Act affects, amends, or supersedes—
the right of a State to regulate waters in the State; or
the duty of a landowner to adhere to any State nuisance laws (including regulations) relating to waters in the State.
Consent for entry by Federal representatives
Section 308 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1318) is amended by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
Entry by Federal agency
A representative of a Federal agency shall only enter private property to collect information about navigable waters if the owner of that property—
has consented to the entry in writing;
is notified regarding the date of the entry; and
is given access to any data collected from the entry.
If a landowner consents to entry under paragraph (1), the landowner shall have the right to be present at the time any data collection on the property of the landowner is carried out.
Compensation for regulatory taking
If a Federal regulation relating to the definition of
navigable waters or
waters of the United States diminishes the fair market value or economic viability of a property, as determined by an independent appraiser, the Federal agency issuing the regulation shall pay the affected property owner an amount equal to twice the value of the loss.
Any payment provided under subsection (a) shall be made from the amounts made available to the relevant agency head for general operations of the Federal agency.
A Federal regulation described in subsection (a) shall have no force or effect until the date on which each landowner with a claim under this section relating to that regulation has been compensated in accordance with this section.