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S. 4049: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021

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An original bill to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes.

The bill’s titles are written by its sponsor.

The federal budget process occurs in two stages: appropriations and authorizations. This is an authorization bill, which directs how federal funds should or should not be used. (It does not set overall spending limits, however, which are the subject of appropriations bills.) Authorizations are typically made for single fiscal years (October 1 through September 30 of the next year) but are often renewed in subsequent law.

Sponsor and status

James “Jim” Inhofe

Sponsor. Senior Senator for Oklahoma. Republican.

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Last Updated: Jul 23, 2020
Length: 1824 pages
Jun 23, 2020
116th Congress (2019–2021)

Passed Senate (House next) on Jul 23, 2020

This bill passed in the Senate on July 23, 2020 and goes to the House next for consideration.

88% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)

Position statements

What legislators are saying

Inhofe Urges Senate to Reject Sanders' 'Irresponsible' Cuts to Defense Budget
    — Sen. James “Jim” Inhofe [R-OK] (Sponsor) on Jul 21, 2020

Senators Gillibrand And Rounds, Representatives Cisneros And Mast Urge Congress To Include Bipartisan Bill To End Military Child Abuse In Final NDAA
    — Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand [D-NY] on Aug 25, 2020

Members Call on HASC and SASC Leadership to Preserve Military Diversity and Inclusion Provisions in Final FY 2021 NDAA
    — Rep. Jackie Speier [D-CA14] on Sep 2, 2020

More statements at ProPublica Represent...

What stakeholders are saying

R Street Institute estimates S. 4049 will save $7.9 billion through 2030.


Jun 23, 2020

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

Jun 23, 2020
Ordered Reported

A committee has voted to issue a report to the full chamber recommending that the bill be considered further. Only about 1 in 4 bills are reported out of committee.

Jun 24, 2020
Reported by Senate Committee on Armed Services

A committee issued a report on the bill, which often provides helpful explanatory background on the issue addressed by the bill and the bill's intentions.

Jul 23, 2020
Passed Senate (House next)

The bill was passed in a vote in the Senate. It goes to the House next.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed House

Signed by the President

S. 4049 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 4049. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 4049 — 116th Congress: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021.” 2020. October 23, 2020 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.