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S. 4056: A bill to prohibit certain individuals from being appointed to positions if the individual worked, as part of that individual’s employment with the United States, on behalf of a special counsel investigation that investigated or prosecuted a President or a candidates for election to the office of President.

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About the bill

Should members of Robert Mueller’s team be allowed in a potential Joe Biden administration?


special counsel is an outside person appointed to investigate and possibly prosecute, when a conflict of interest would exist with the person or body who would otherwise lead the investigation. This is most frequently used for an investigation into the presidency or executive branch, when the Justice Department authorities are considered to have a conflict of interest.

The most prominent special counsels in recent decades included:

  • Former FBI Director Robert Mueller’s investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 election and possible influence on President Donald Trump. Mueller was appointed after Attorney General Jeff Sessions recused himself.
  • U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois Patrick Fitzgerald’s 2004 investigation into the ...

Sponsor and status

Jun 24, 2020
116th Congress (2019–2021)

Introduced on Jun 24, 2020

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on June 24, 2020. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.


Tom Cotton

Junior Senator for Arkansas



Not available yet.



Jun 24, 2020

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed Senate

Passed House

Signed by the President

S. 4056 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 4056. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 4056 — 116th Congress: A bill to prohibit certain individuals from being appointed to positions if the individual worked, ...” 2020. July 10, 2020 <>

Where is this information from?

GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.