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S. 42 (116th): Background Check Expansion Act

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A bill to require a background check for every firearm sale.

The bill’s titles are written by its sponsor.

Sponsor and status

Christopher Murphy

Sponsor. Junior Senator for Connecticut. Democrat.

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Last Updated: Jan 8, 2019
Length: 4 pages
Jan 8, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)
Died in a previous Congress

This bill was introduced on January 8, 2019, in a previous session of Congress, but it did not receive a vote.


41 Cosponsors (40 Democrats, 1 Independent)


Position statements

What legislators are saying

Murphy leads 37 democrats in calling on chairman graham to hold hearings on gun violence prevention legislation
    — Sen. Christopher Murphy [D-CT] (Sponsor) on Mar 6, 2019

Senate Floor Speech on Gun Safety
    — Sen. Benjamin Cardin [D-MD] (Co-sponsor) on Mar 7, 2019

With a 99% decline in Pa. bat populations, this local nursery is working to enhance conservation efforts
    — Rep. Glenn Thompson [R-PA15] on Nov 15, 2019

More statements at ProPublica Represent...


Jan 8, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

S. 42 (116th) was a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 42. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

This bill was introduced in the 116th Congress, which met from Jan 3, 2019 to Jan 3, 2021. Legislation not passed by the end of a Congress is cleared from the books.

How to cite this information.

We recommend the following MLA-formatted citation when using the information you see here in academic work:

“S. 42 — 116th Congress: Background Check Expansion Act.” 2019. July 24, 2021 <>

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GovTrack automatically collects legislative information from a variety of governmental and non-governmental sources. This page is sourced primarily from, the official portal of the United States Congress. is generally updated one day after events occur, and so legislative activity shown here may be one day behind. Data via the congress project.