IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
December 17, 2020
Ms. Klobuchar (for herself and Mr. Kaine) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs
To authorize a grant program for the development and implementation of housing supply and affordability plans, and for other purposes.
This Act may be cited as the
Housing Supply and Affordability Act.
Local housing policy grant program
In this section:
The term Department means the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
The term eligible entity means a State, a political subdivision of a State, a regional coalition of political subdivisions of States, or an Indian Tribe that—
demonstrates, with respect to the area under the jurisdiction of the State, political subdivision, regional coalition, or Indian Tribe—
rising housing costs or a reasonable expectation that housing costs will rise in the area; and
a pattern of imbalance between the availability of jobs and housing in the area;
if applying for a planning grant—
intends to develop, or is in the process of developing, a housing policy plan; and
demonstrates an intent to use a portion of the planning grant to engage with community stakeholders in developing a housing policy plan; and
if applying for an implementation grant—
has adopted and plans to implement, or is in the process of implementing, a housing policy plan; and
demonstrates the engagement of community stakeholders in developing the housing policy plan.
Housing policy plan
The term housing policy plan means a comprehensive plan of an eligible entity to, with respect to the area under the jurisdiction of the eligible entity—
increase the housing supply in the area, while avoiding the displacement of the residents of the area;
increase the affordability of housing in the area; and
reduce barriers to housing development in the area.
The term implementation grant means a grant awarded under subsection (b).
The term Indian Tribe has the meaning given the term in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304).
The term planning grant means a grant awarded under subsection (c).
The term Secretary means the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, acting through the Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development, in coordination with—
the Office of Economic Resilience of the Office of Community Planning and Development of the Department;
the Office of Policy Development and Research of the Department;
the Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity of the Department; and
the Office of Housing of the Department.
The term State means any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, and any possession of the United States.
The Secretary may award grants on a competitive basis to eligible entities for the purpose of developing and evaluating housing policy plans.
The Secretary may award grants on a competitive basis to eligible entities for the purpose of implementing housing policy plans.
An eligible entity desiring a grant under this section shall submit to the Secretary an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary may require.
In awarding grants under this section, the Secretary shall give priority to an eligible entity that—
has or is likely to develop a housing policy plan that will—
improve housing supply and affordability;
reduce barriers to affordable housing development; and
avoid the displacement of residents by new housing developments in the area under the jurisdiction of the eligible entity;
intends to leverage and efficiently use funds from another Federal, State, or local assistance program relating to housing in developing or implementing a housing policy plan, including—
the Community Development Block Grant Program under title I of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (42 U.S.C. 5301 et seq.); or
the HOME Investment Partnerships Program authorized under title II of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act (42 U.S.C. 12721 et seq.);
increase the supply and affordability of housing that is located—
near local transportation options; and
in areas in which a significant or expanding supply of jobs is concentrated; and
coordinate with local transportation and workforce agencies in accomplishing the increase described in clause (i); or
is a regional coalition of political subdivisions of States.
Degree of priority commensurate with degree of compliance
The Secretary shall base the degree of priority given to an eligible entity under paragraph (2) on the number of subparagraphs under that paragraph that the eligible entity has satisfied, relative to the number of such subparagraphs that each other eligible entity applying for a grant under this section has satisfied.
An eligible entity that receives a grant under this section shall provide non-Federal contributions in an amount equal to the amount of the grant.
Eligible matching funds
If an eligible entity uses funds from another Federal assistance program relating to housing in developing or implementing a housing policy plan for which the eligible entity also receives a grant under this section, any non-Federal contribution made by the eligible entity as part of that Federal assistance program shall be counted towards the requirement under paragraph (1).
Use of funds
An eligible entity receiving a planning grant may use funds from the planning grant to finance activities to help develop and evaluate a housing policy plan, including—
code writing assistance;
design options; and
stakeholder outreach and education.
Implementation and planning grants
An eligible entity receiving a grant under this section shall use a portion of the funds from the grant to submit the report required under subsection (g)(1).
Reports and study
Grant recipient reports
Not later than 180 days after the date on which an eligible entity receives a grant under this section, and not less frequently than quarterly thereafter for a 3-year period, the eligible entity shall submit to the Secretary a report that includes—
a description of the expenditures the eligible entity has made with funds from the grant;
for an eligible entity receiving a planning grant, a summary of the progress of the eligibility entity towards finalizing a housing policy plan; and
for an eligible entity receiving an implementation grant, data relating to the success of the implementation of the housing policy plan of the eligible entity.
Secretary study and report
Not later than 5 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall conduct a study on—
the impact of implementation grants and planning grants on the areas under the jurisdiction of eligible entities receiving those grants; and
successful strategies from housing policy plans that were impactful in—
expanding the housing supply; and
increasing the quantity of quality and affordable housing, while avoiding the displacement of the residents of an area.
Not later than 1 year after the date on which the Secretary completes the study required under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the study.
Authorization of appropriations
There are authorized to be appropriated to the Secretary for each of fiscal years 2021 through 2025 $300,000,000 to carry out this Act.