IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
February 26, 2019
Mr. Cruz (for himself, Mr. Cotton, Mr. Rubio, Mr. Cramer, and Mr. Graham) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations
Clarifying that it is United States policy to recognize Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights.
That it is the sense of the Senate that—
Congress finds the following:
On September 1, 1975, President Gerald Ford provided a diplomatic assurance to Israel that
the U.S. will support the position that an overall settlement with Syria in the framework of a peace agreement must assure Israel’s security from attack from the Golan Heights [and] it will give great weight to Israel’s position that any peace agreement with Syria must be predicated on Israel remaining on the Golan Heights.
In October 1991, Secretary of State James Baker provided a diplomatic assurance to Israel that
the United States continues to stand behind the assurance given by President Ford to Prime Minister Rabin on September 1, 1975.
Iran has used the war in Syria to establish a long-term military presence in the Levant, to attack Israel from across the Golan Heights, and to create territorial corridors that allow it to provide arms to its troops and terrorist proxies.
Sense of Congress
It is the sense of Congress that—
Israel’s security from attacks from Syria and Lebanon cannot be assured without Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights; and
in light of new realities on the ground, including Iran’s presence in Syria—
it is unrealistic to expect that the outcome of a peace agreement between Israel and Syria will be an Israeli withdrawal from the Golan Heights; and
it is realistic to expect that any peace agreement between Israel and Syria will only be achieved on the basis of Israel remaining on the Golan Heights; and
it is in the United States national security interest to ensure that—
Israel retains control of the Golan Heights; and
the Syrian regime of Bashar al-Assad faces diplomatic and geopolitical consequences for its killing of civilians, the ethnic cleansing of Arab Sunnis, and the use of weapons of mass destruction.
Statement of United States policy
It shall be the policy of the United States—
to recognize Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights; and
to promote and conduct joint projects with Israel on the Golan Heights, including projects—
in basic and applied scientific fields;
in industrial research and development; and
in strategic and applied research of agricultural problems.
Rule of construction
Any reference to
Israel in any existing or future Act of Congress relating to appropriations or foreign commerce, including customs and international trade, shall be interpreted to include the Golan Heights.