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S. 604: Mobile Workforce State Income Tax Simplification Act of 2019

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About the bill

Should state income taxes be collected on someone who works one day, one week, or only a few weeks in a state outside of their residency?


In an America increasingly influenced by the gig economy or employees stitching together multiple jobs, many people are working in two, three, or even more states over the course of the year. Some temporary assignments can last as little as one day, or one week, or barely provide any income at all.

Yet the patchwork of varying state laws can create havoc for these employees’ income taxes. As an example, New York state income taxes kick in once somebody has worked 14 days in the state for the year, while Wisconsin’s kick in once somebody has earned at least $1,500 within ...

Sponsor and status

John Thune

Sponsor. Senior Senator for South Dakota. Republican.

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Last Updated: Feb 28, 2019
Length: 7 pages
Feb 28, 2019
116th Congress (2019–2021)

Introduced on Feb 28, 2019

This bill is in the first stage of the legislative process. It was introduced into Congress on February 28, 2019. It will typically be considered by committee next before it is possibly sent on to the House or Senate as a whole.

3% chance of being enacted according to Skopos Labs (details)


Feb 28, 2019

Bills and resolutions are referred to committees which debate the bill before possibly sending it on to the whole chamber.

If this bill has further action, the following steps may occur next:
Passed Committee

Passed Senate

Passed House

Signed by the President

S. 604 is a bill in the United States Congress.

A bill must be passed by both the House and Senate in identical form and then be signed by the President to become law.

Bills numbers restart every two years. That means there are other bills with the number S. 604. This is the one from the 116th Congress.

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“S. 604 — 116th Congress: Mobile Workforce State Income Tax Simplification Act of 2019.” 2019. October 31, 2020 <>

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