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S. 628: BTU Act of 2019

The text of the bill below is as of Feb 28, 2019 (Introduced).


II

116th CONGRESS

1st Session

S. 628

IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES

February 28, 2019

(for himself and Ms. Collins) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on Finance

A BILL

To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to include biomass heating appliances for tax credits available for energy-efficient building property and energy property.

1.

Short title

This Act may be cited as the Biomass Thermal Utilization Act of 2019 or the BTU Act of 2019.

2.

Residential energy-efficient property credit for biomass fuel property expenditures

(a)

Allowance of credit

Section 25D(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended—

(1)

in paragraph (4), by striking and at the end,

(2)

in paragraph (5), by adding and at the end, and

(3)

by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:

(6)

the qualified biomass fuel property expenditures,

.

(b)

Qualified biomass fuel property expenditures

Section 25D(d) of such Code is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

(6)

Qualified biomass fuel property expenditure

(A)

In general

The term qualified biomass fuel property expenditure means an expenditure for property—

(i)

which uses the burning of biomass fuel to heat a dwelling unit located in the United States and used as a residence by the taxpayer, or to heat water for use in such a dwelling unit, and

(ii)

which has a thermal efficiency rating of at least 75 percent (measured by the higher heating value of the fuel).

(B)

Biomass fuel

For purposes of this section, the term biomass fuel means any plant-derived fuel available on a renewable or recurring basis, including agricultural crops and trees, wood and wood waste and residues, plants (including aquatic plants), grasses, residues, and fibers. Such term includes densified biomass fuels such as wood pellets.

.

(c)

Applicable percentage

Subsection (g) of section 25D of such Code is amended—

(1)

by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) as subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C), respectively, and by moving such subparagraphs (as so redesignated) 2 ems to the right,

(2)

by striking For purposes of and inserting the following:

(1)

In general

Except as provided under paragraph (2), for purposes of

, and

(3)

by adding at the end the following:

(2)

Applicable percentage for qualified biomass fuel property expenditures

In the case of any qualified biomass fuel property expenditures made by the taxpayer during the taxable year, the applicable percentage shall be 30 percent.

.

(d)

Termination

Subsection (h) of section 25D of such Code is amended to read as follows:

(h)

Termination

(1)

In general

Except as provided under paragraph (2), the credit allowed under this section shall not apply to property placed in service after December 31, 2021.

(2)

Application to qualified biomass fuel property

In the case of property described in subsection (d)(6), the credit allowed under this section shall not apply to property placed in service after December 31, 2023.

.

(e)

Effective date

The amendments made by this section shall apply to expenditures paid or incurred in taxable years beginning after December 31, 2018.

3.

Investment tax credit for biomass heating property

(a)

In general

Section 48(a)(3)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended—

(1)

by striking or at the end of clause (vi),

(2)

by adding or at the end of clause (vii), and

(3)

and by inserting after clause (vii) the following new clause:

(viii)

open-loop biomass (within the meaning of section 45(c)(3)) heating property, including boilers or furnaces that operate at thermal output efficiencies of not less than 65 percent (measured by the higher heating value of the fuel) and that provide thermal energy in the form of heat, hot water, or steam for space heating, air conditioning, domestic hot water, or industrial process heat,

.

(b)

30 percent and 15 percent credits

(1)

Energy percentage

(A)

In general

Section 48(a)(2)(A) of such Code is amended—

(i)

by striking and at the end of clause (i)(IV),

(ii)

by redesignating clause (ii) as clause (iii), and

(iii)

by inserting after clause (i) the following new clause:

(ii)

in the case of energy property described in paragraph (3)(A)(viii) the construction of which begins before January 1, 2024, 15 percent (30 percent in the case of any such property which operates at a thermal output efficiency of not less than 80 percent (measured by the higher heating value of the fuel)), and

.

(B)

Conforming amendment

Section 48(a)(2)(A)(iii) of such Code, as so redesignated, is amended by inserting or (ii) after clause (i).

(c)

Effective date

The amendments made by this section shall apply to periods after December 31, 2018, in taxable years ending after such date, under rules similar to the rules of section 48(m) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1990).